cystine

cystine (sis´tIn)

HOOC-CH(NH2)-CH2-S-S-CH2-CH(NH2)COOH; 3,3´-dithiobis(2-aminopropionic acid);the disulfide product of two cysteines in which two -SH groups become one -S-S- group; if two cysteinyl residues in polypeptide chains form a disulfide linkage, then the two polymers are cross-linked; sometimes occurs as a deposit in the urine, or forming a vesical calculus. Cf. meso-cystine. dicysteine;
c. desulfhydrase cystathionine gamma-lyase
half c. refers to one-half of a cystine molecule or of a cystinyl residue in a protein or peptide.
c. lyase cystathionine beta-lyase

 

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