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dysentery (dis-en-tar-e)

A disease marked by frequent watery stools, often with blood and mucus, and characterized clinically by pain, tenesmus, fever, and dehydration. [G. dysenteria, fr. dys-, bad, + entera, bowels]
amebic d. diarrhea resulting from ulcerative inflammation of the colon, caused chiefly by infection with Entamoeba histolytica; may be mild or severe and also may be associated with amebic infection of other organs.
bacillary d. infection with Shigella dysenteriae, S. flexneri, or other organisms.Japanese d;
balantidial d. a type of colitis resembling in many respects amebic d.; caused by the parasitic ciliate, Balantidium coli.
bilharzial d. d. due to infection with Schistosoma mansoni, S. haematobium, or S. japonicum.
chronic d. of cattle Johne's disease
fulminating d. malignant d
helminthic d. d. caused by infection with parasitic worms.
Japanese d. bacillary d
lamb d. enterotoxemia of lambs caused by type B toxins of Clostridium perfringens.
malignant d. d. in which the symptoms are intensely acute, leading to prostration, collapse, and often death.fulminating d;
Sonne d. d. due to infection by Shigella sonnei; sometimes milder than other types of bacterial d. caused by Shigella.
spirillar d. a form of d. or diarrhea, described as occurring in the south of France, believed to be caused by a spirillum present in great numbers in the intestinal epithelia.
swine d. an acute hemorrhagic colitis of swine, often accompanied by gastritis; the small intestines usually are not involved; its primary cause is Treponema hyodysenteriae, and it has a high mortality rate, especially among feeder pigs.
viral d. profuse watery diarrhea due to, or thought to be due to, infection by a virus.
winter d. of cattle a specific, highly contagious and severe disease of unknown origin; the disease is seen in the cold months of the year, outbreaks generally abate after a few days; the death rate is low, but the loss in flesh and milk is often high.


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