Physicians Desk Reference Physicians Desk Reference
Browsable database of medical products, manufacturer, therapeutic categories, indication, contra indication, side effects, drug and food interaction.
Medical Product | Medical Manufacturer | Therapheutic | Indication | Contra Indication | Side Effect | Drug Interaction | Food Interaction


epinephrine (ep´i-nef´rin)

4-[1-hydroxy-2-(methylamino)ethyl]-1,2-benzenediol;a catecholamine that is the chief neurohormone of the adrenal medulla of most species. The l-isomer is the most potent stimulant (sympathomimetic) of adrenergic a- and beta-receptors, resulting in increased heart rate and force of contraction, vasoconstriction or vasodilation, relaxation of bronchiolar and intestinal smooth muscle, glycogenolysis, lipolysis, and other metabolic effects; used in the treatment of bronchial asthma, acute allergic disorders, open-angle glaucoma, and heart block, and as a topical and local vasoconstrictor. Generally used salts are e. hydrochloride and e. bitartrate, the latter most frequently used in topical preparations.adrenaline; [epi- + G. nephros, kidney, + -ine]


Browse Medical References:

[A] [B] [C] [D] [E] [F] [G] [H] [I] [J] [K] [L] [M]
[N] [O] [P] [Q] [R] [S] [T] [U] [V] [W] [X] [Y] [Z]