fever (fe´ver)

A complex physiologic response to disease mediated by pyrogenic cytokines and characterized by a rise in core temperature, generation of acute phase reactants and activation of immunologic systems.febris, pyrexia; [A.S. fefer]
absorption f. an elevation of temperature often occurring, without other untoward symptoms, shortly after childbirth, assumed to be due to absorption of uterine discharges through abrasions of the vaginal wall.
acclimating f. elevated temperature with malaise that occurs upon working in a very hot environment.
Aden f. dengue
aestivoautumnal f. falciparum malaria
African hemorrhagic f. hemorrhagic f. associated with the morphologically similar but antigenically distinct Marburg and Ebola viruses. See also viral hemorrhagic f.
African swine f. (ASF) a highly fatal disease of swine caused by African swine f. virus, which has not been classified to date. It has its reservoir in wild wart hogs and bush pigs; it is characterized by high f., cough, diarrhea, and high mortality; clinically, it closely resembles hog cholera (swine f.), but the viruses of these diseases do not cross-immunize.
African tick f. Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic f
algid pernicious f. a pernicious malarial attack in which the patient presents symptoms of collapse and shock.
ardent f. a term sometimes applied to hyperpyrexia occurring in intermittent malarial f.heat apoplexy (2) ;
Argentinean hemorrhagic f. a form of hemorrhagic f. observed in South America, seemingly transmitted by contact from rodents to man and caused by the Junin virus, a member of the family Arenaviridae.
artificial f. pyretotherapy
aseptic f. f. accompanied by malaise due to absorption of dead but not infected tissue following an injury.
Assam f. visceral leishmaniasis
Australian Q f. a variety of Q f. occurring in Australia; an acute infectious rickettsial infection caused by Coxiella burnetii and transmitted by ticks, enzootic in animals in Australia, especially bandicoots.
autumn f. 1. a f. resembling dengue occurring at the end of the summer in India;seven-day f. (1) ; 2. hasamiyami
biliary f. of dogs a form of babesiosis (piroplasmosis) of the dog characterized by fever and icterus and caused by Babesia canis.
biliary f. of horses equine babesiosis
bilious remittent f. 1. old term for relapsing f.; 2. malarial "bilious" vomiting associated with marked increase of serum bilirubin.
black f. Rocky Mountain spotted f
blackwater f. hemoglobinuria resulting from severe hemolysis occurring in falciparum malaria.malarial hemoglobinuria
blue f. Rocky Mountain spotted f
Bolivian hemorrhagic f. a disease similar to Argentinian hemorrhagic f. but caused by the Machupo virus, a member of the family Arenaviridae.
bouquet f. dengue
boutonneuse f. tick-borne infection with Rickettsia conorii seen in Africa, Europe, the Middle East, India, and known by different names in different areas e.g., Marseille fever, Crimean fever, Indian tick typhus, and Kenya fever.Crimean f., eruptive f., fièvre boutonneuse, Indian tick typhus, Kenya f., Marseilles f., tick typhus;
bovine ephemeral f. ephemeral f. of cattle
bovine petechial f. a disease of cattle in Kenya caused by the rickettsia Ehrlichia ondiri and characterized by hemorrhage and edema.Ondiri disease;
brass founder's f. an occupational disease, characterized by malaria-like symptoms, due to inhalation of particles and fumes of metallic oxides. Fumes are formed by evaporation at very high temperature and condensation in air into fine particles.brass founder's ague, foundryman's f., metal fume f., zinc fume f;
Brazilian hemorrhagic f. Brazilian spotted f
Brazilian purpuric f. Brazilian spotted f
Brazilian spotted f. fulminating sepsis, usually beginning with conjunctivitis, characterized by purpuric skin lesions, a high fatality rate; thought to be due to Hemophilus aegyptius.Brazilian hemorrhagic f., Brazilian purpuric f;
breakbone f. dengue
bullous f. pemphigus acutus
Bunyamwera f. a febrile illness of humans in Africa caused by the Bunyamwera virus and transmitted by culicine mosquitoes.
Burdwan f. visceral leishmaniasis
Bwamba f. a febrile illness of humans in Africa caused by a virus of the family Bunyaviridae and transmitted by mosquitoes.
cachectic f. visceral leishmaniasis
camp f. 1. typhus 2. any epidemic febrile illness affecting troops in an encampment.
canefield f. field f
canicola f. a disease of man caused by the canicola serovar of Leptospira interrogans and transmitted by infective urine, usually from dogs but rarely from cattle and swine.
Carter's f. an Asiatic relapsing f. caused by Borrelia carteri.
catarrhal f. old term for the group of respiratory tract diseases including the common cold, influenza, and lobular and lobar pneumonia.
cat-bite f. cat-bite disease
cat-scratch f. cat-scratch disease
catheter f. urinary f
Central European tick-borne f. tick-borne encephalitis (Central European subtype)
cerebrospinal f. meningococcal meningitis
Charcot's intermittent f. f., chills, right upper quadrant pain, and jaundice associated with intermittently obstructing common duct stones.
childbed f. puerperal f
Colorado tick f. an infection caused by Colorado tick f. virus and transmitted to humans by Dermacentor andersoni; the symptoms are mild, there is no rash, the temperature is not excessive, and the disease is rarely, if ever, fatal.tick f. (5) ;
Congolian red f. murine typhus
continued f. obsolete term for a febrile illness without the intermittency of malaria. Many cases were typhoid f., but included many types of febrile illnesses.
cotton-mill f. byssinosis
Crimean f. boutonneuse f
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic f. a form of hemorrhagic f. distinct from Omsk hemorrhagic f., occurring in central Russia, transmitted by species of the tick Hyalomma, and caused by Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic f. virus, a member of the Bunyaviridae family; horses are the chief reservoir of human infection; characterized by abrupt onset, high f., headache, myalgia, widespread petechia hemorrhagic lesions, gastrointestinal bleeding, high fatality rate.African tick f;
dandy f. dengue
date f. dengue
deer-fly f. tularemia
dehydration f. thirst f
dengue f. dengue
dengue hemorrhagic f. dengue
desert f. primary coccidioidomycosis
digestive f. a slight rise of body temperature occurring during the period of digestion.
diphasic milk f. tick-borne encephalitis (Central European subtype)
double quotidian f. malaria in which two paroxysms of f. occur daily.
drug f. f. resulting from an allergic reaction to a drug that clears rapidly on discontinuation of the drug.
Dumdum f. visceral leishmaniasis
Dutton's relapsing f. Dutton's disease
East Coast f. a serious disease of cattle in eastern and central Africa, caused by the protozoan Theileria parva and characterized by high fever, swelling of the lymph nodes, and high case fatality; transmitted by Rhipicephalus appendiculatus and other ticks of the genus Rhipicephalus.
Ebola hemorrhagic f. hemorrhagic f
elephantoid f. lymphangitis and an elevation of temperature marking the beginning of endemic elephantiasis (filariasis).
enteric f. 1. typhoid f 2. the group of typhoid and paratyphoid f.'s.
entericoid f. a f., neither paratyphoid nor typhoid, resembling the latter.
ephemeral f. a febrile episode lasting no more than a day or two.
ephemeral f. of cattle an acute febrile disease of cattle in many African and Asian countries and Australia, caused by a rhabdovirus and characterized by stiffness and lameness.bovine ephemeral f;
epidemic hemorrhagic f. a condition characterized by acute onset of headache, chills and high f., sweating, thirst, photophobia, coryza, cough, myalgia, arthralgia, and abdominal pain with nausea and vomiting; this phase lasts from three to six days and is followed by capillary and renal interstitial hemorrhages, edema, oliguria, azotemia, and shock; most varieties are caused by arboviruses (togaviruses, arenaviruses, flaviviruses, and bunyaviruses), and are rodent-borne.hemorrhagic f. with renal syndrome, Songo f;
epimastical f. a f. increasing steadily until its acme is reached, then declining by crisis or lysis.
equine biliary f. equine babesiosis
eruptive f. boutonneuse f
essential f. f. without known infectious disease.
exanthematous f. fever associated with an exanthem.
exsiccation f. thirst f
falciparum f. falciparum malaria
familial Mediterranean f. familial paroxysmal polyserositis
famine f. relapsing f
Far East hemorrhagic f. tick-borne infection with Rickettsia sibirica, seen primarily in Siberia and Mongolia.
fatigue f. an elevation of the body temperature, lasting sometimes several days, following excessive and long continued muscular exertion.
field f. a leptospirosis caused by leptospira.canefield f;
five-day f. trench f
flood f. tsutsugamushi disease
food f. a disorder seen primarily in childhood, consisting of a sudden rise of temperature accompanied by marked digestive disturbances, which lasts from a few days to several weeks; believed to be a form of food poisoning.
Fort Bragg f. pretibial f
foundryman's f. brass founder's f
Gambian f. an irregular relapsing f., lasting one to four days with intermissions of two to five days, marked by enlargement of the spleen, rapid pulse, and breathing; due to the presence in the blood of Trypanosoma brucei gambiense, the pathogenic microorganism of Gambian or West African sleeping sickness.
glandular f. infectious mononucleosis
Haverhill f. an infection by Streptobacillus moniliformis marked by initial chills and high f. (gradually subsiding), by arthritis usually in the larger joints and spine, and by a rash occurring chiefly over the joints and on the extensor surfaces of the extremities; "Haverhill f." is used to indicate Streptobacillus moniliformis infections not associated with rat bite resulting from contaminated food or water.erythema arthriticum epidemicum; [Haverhill, MA, where an epidemic occurred in 1926]
hay f. a form of atopy characterized by an acute irritative inflammation of the mucous membranes of the eyes and upper respiratory passages accompanied by itching and profuse watery secretion, followed occasionally by bronchitis and asthma; the episode recurs annually at the same or nearly the same time of the year, in spring, summer, or late summer and autumn, caused by an allergic reaction to the pollen of trees, grasses, weeds, flowers, etc.rhinitis nervosa;
hematuric bilious f. hematuria due to renal lesions caused by the malarial hematozoon, Plasmodium falciparum.
hemoglobinuric f. malarial hemoglobinuria
hemorrhagic f. a syndrome that occurs in perhaps 20-40% of infections by a number of different viruses of the families Arenaviridae (Lassa f.), Bunyaviridae (Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic f.), Flaviviridae (Omsk hemorrhagic f.), Filoviridae (Ebola f., Marburg virus disease), etc. Some types of hemorrhagic f. are tick-borne, others mosquito-borne, and some seem to be zoonoses; clinical manifestations are high f., scattered petechiae, gastrointestinal tract and other organ bleeding, hypotension, and shock; kidney damage may be severe, especially in Korean hemorrhagic f. and neurologic signs may appear, especially in the Argentinean-Bolivian types. Four types of hemorrhagic fever are transmissible person-to-person: Lassa f., Ebola f., Marburg virus disease, and Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic f. See also epidemic hemorrhagic f.Ebola hemorrhagic f;
hemorrhagic f. with renal syndrome epidemic hemorrhagic f
hepatic intermittent f. ague-like paroxysms of f. occurring in cases of one or more stones in the common bile duct.
herpetic f. a disease of short duration, apparently infectious, marked by chills, nausea, elevation of temperature, sore throat, and a herpetic eruption on the face and other areas; primary infection is with herpes simplex virus.
hospital f. epidemic typhus
icterohemorrhagic f. infection with the variety of Leptospira interrogans serotype known as icterohemorrhagiae, characterized by fever, jaundice, hemorrhagic lesions, azotemia, and central nervous system manifestations.leptospirosis icterohemorrhagica;
Ilhéus f. a febrile illness caused by the Ilhéus virus, an arborvirus (genus Flavivirus), and transmitted by a mosquito. See also Ilhéus encephalitis.
inanition f. thirst f
induced f. pyretotherapy
intermittent malarial f. See intermittent malaria.
inundation f. tsutsugamushi disease
island f. tsutsugamushi disease
jail f. typhus
Japanese river f. tsutsugamushi disease
jungle f. malaria
jungle yellow f. a form occurring in South America, transmitted by Aedes leucocelaenus and various treetop mosquitoes of the Haemagogus complex; transmitted normally to primates, occasionally by chance to man to set off a human outbreak of classical yellow fever transmitted by Aedes aegypti.
Katayama f. Katayama disease
kedani f. tsutsugamushi disease
Kenya f. boutonneuse f
Kew Gardens f. rickettsialpox [Kew Gardens, area in Queens, NYC, where first reported]
Kinkiang f. schistosomiasis japonica
Korean hemorrhagic f. a form of epidemic hemorrhagic f. caused by the Hantaan virus.Manchurian hemorrhagic f;
Lassa f. a severe form of epidemic hemorrhagic f. which is highly fatal. It was first recognized in Lassa, Nigeria, is caused by the Lassa virus, a member of the Arenaviridae family, and is characterized by high f., sore throat, severe muscle aches, skin rash with hemorrhages, headache, abdominal pain, vomiting, and diarrhea; the multimammate rat Mastomys natalensis serves as reservoir, but person-to-person transmission also is common.Lassa hemorrhagic f;
Lassa hemorrhagic f. Lassa f
laurel f. an affection of the same nature as hay f., occurring at the time of flowering of laurel.
malarial f. See malaria.
malignant catarrhal f. a highly fatal, sporadic disease of cattle caused by alcelaphine herpesvirus 1 (a member of the Herpesviridae family) and characterized by inflammation, ulceration, and exudation of the oral and upper respiratory mucous membranes, and sometimes eye lesions and nervous system disturbances.malignant catarrh of cattle;
malignant tertian f. falciparum malaria
Malta f. brucellosis
Manchurian f. a f. closely resembling typhus that prevails from September to December in South Manchuria; the probable pathogen is Rickettsia manchuriae.
Manchurian hemorrhagic f. Korean hemorrhagic f
Marseilles f. boutonneuse f
marsh f. malaria
Mediterranean f. 1. brucellosis 2. familial paroxysmal polyserositis
Mediterranean exanthematous f. an affection occurring sporadically in the Mediterranean littoral marked by a severe chill with abrupt rise of temperature, pains in the joints, tonsillitis, diarrhea, vomiting, and, on the third to fifth day, a rash of elevated nonconfluent macules beginning on the thighs and spreading to the entire body; lasts from ten days to two weeks and then disappears by rapid lysis without desquamation; probably caused by Rickettsia conorii, like Boutonneuse fever.
meningotyphoid f. typhoid f. marked by symptoms of irritation or inflammation of the cerebral or spinal meninges.
metal fume f. brass founder's f
Mexican spotted f. Rocky Mountain spotted f
mianeh f. Persian relapsing f
miliary f. 1. an infectious disease characterized by profuse sweating and the production of sudamina, occurring formerly in severe epidemics; 2. miliaria
milk f. 1. a slight elevation of temperature following childbirth, said to be due to the establishment of the secretion of milk, but probably the same as absorption f.; 2. an afebrile metabolic disease, occurring shortly after parturition in dairy cattle, characterized by hypocalcemia and manifested by loss of consciousness and general paralysis.parturient paralysis, parturient paresis;
mill f. byssinosis
miniature scarlet f. a reaction consisting of f., nausea, vomiting, and a transient scarlatiniform rash that appears in a susceptible person when injected with the toxin of Streptococcus pyogenes. [L. minio, pp. atus, to color with minium, red-lead]
monoleptic f. a continued f. having but one paroxysm. Cf. polyleptic f.
Mossman f. a f., noted especially among sugar cane cutters in the Mossman District of North Queensland, caused by a leptospira.
mud f. 1. a leptospirosis caused by the grippotyphosa serovar of Leptospira interrogans; 2. bluecomb disease of turkeys
mumu f. Samoan term for elephantoid f.
nanukayami f. a form of leptospirosis known in Japan and caused by a leptospira normally found in the field mouse or vole.nanukayami;
nine mile f. Q f
nodal f. erythema nodosum
North Queensland tick f. a mild form of tick-borne typhus with eschar, adenopathy, rash, and fever, caused by Rickettsia australis and thought to be transmitted by the tick, Ixodes holocyclus.
Omsk hemorrhagic f. a form of epidemic hemorrhagic fever found in central Russia, caused by the Omsk hemorrhagic f. virus, a member of the family Flaviviridae, and transmitted by Dermacentor ticks; associated with gastrointestinal symptoms and hemorrhages but little or no central nervous system involvement.
o'nyong-nyong f. a dengue-like disease caused by the o'nyong-nyong virus, a member of the family Togaviridae, and transmitted by a mosquito, characterized by joint pains and notable lymphadenopathy followed by a maculopapular eruption of the face which extends to the trunk and extremities but fades in several days without desquamation.
Oroya f. a generalized, acute, febrile, endemic, and systemic form of bartonellosis; marked by high fever, rheumatic pains, progressive, severe anemia, and albuminuria.Carrión's disease;
Pahvant Valley f. tularemia
paludal f. malaria
pappataci f. phlebotomus f
papular f. an affection characterized by mild f., rheumatoid pains, and a maculopapular eruption.
paratyphoid f. an acute infectious disease with symptoms and lesions resembling those of typhoid f., though milder in character; associated with the presence of the paratyphoid organism of which at least three varieties (types A, B, and C) have been described.paratyphoid, Schottmueller's disease;
parenteric f. one of a group of f.'s clinically resembling typhoid and paratyphoid A and B, but caused by bacteria differing specifically from those of either of these diseases.
parrot f. psittacosis
Pel-Ebstein f. the remittent fever common in Hodgkin's disease.Pel-Ebstein disease;
periodic f. an obsolete term introduced to describe the intermittent febrile episodes seen in disease later recognized and named familial Mediterranean f.
Persian relapsing f. a tick-borne relapsing f., occurring in the Middle East, caused by Borrelia persica and transmitted by Ornithodoros tholozani and possibly by Ornithodoros lahorensis.mianeh disease, mianeh f;
petechial f. purpura hemorrhagica (2)
pharyngoconjunctival f. a disease characterized by fever, pharyngitis, and conjunctivitis, and caused by adenoviruses, often type 3 but occasionally other types.
Philippine hemorrhagic f. severe arbovirus infection with hemorrhagic manifestations, considerable mortality, probably due to mosquito borne dengue virus; seen in tropical and subtropical urban areas of southeast Asia, South Pacific, Australia, Central and South America, and the Caribbean islands.
phlebotomus f. an infectious but not contagious disease occurring in the Balkan Peninsula and other parts of southern Europe, caused by an arbovirus (family Bunyaviridae) apparently introduced by the bite of the sandfly, Phlebotomus papatasii; symptoms resemble those of dengue but are less severe and of shorter duration.dog disease, pappataci f., Pym's f., sandfly f., three-day f;
pinta f. a term used in Mexico for Rocky Mountain spotted f.
polka f. dengue
polyleptic f. a f. occurring in two or more paroxysms; e.g., smallpox, relapsing f., intermittent f. Cf. monoleptic f.
polymer fume f. an occupational disease marked by f., pain in the chest, and cough caused by the inhalation of fumes given off by a plastic, polytetrafluorethylene, when heated.
Potomac horse f. equine monocytic ehrlichiosis
pretibial f. a mild disease first observed among military personnel at Fort Bragg, North Carolina, characterized by f., moderate prostration, splenomegaly, and a rash on the anterior aspects of the legs; due to the autumnalis serovar of Leptospira interrogans.Fort Bragg f;
protein f. f. produced by the injection of foreign protein, such as milk.
puerperal f. postpartum sepsis with a rise in f. after the first 24 hours following delivery, but before the eleventh postpartum day.childbed f., puerperal sepsis;
Pym's f. phlebotomus f
pyogenic f. pyemia
Q f. a disease caused by the rickettsia Coxiella burnetii, which is propagated in sheep and cattle, where it produces no symptoms; human infections occur as a result of contact not only with such animals but also with other infected humans, air and dust, wild reservoir hosts, and other sources.nine mile f; [Q, for "query," so named because etiologic agent was unknown]
quartan f. malariae malaria
quintan f. trench f
quotidian f. quotidian malaria
rabbit f. tularemia
rat-bite f. a single designation for two bacterial diseases associated with rat bites, one caused by Streptobacillus moniliformis (e.g., Haverhill f.), the other by Spirillum minus (e.g., sodoku); both diseases are characterized by relapsing f., chills, headache, arthralgia, lymphadenopathy, and a maculopapular rash on the extremities.rat-bite disease, sodoku, sokosho;
recrudescent typhus f. Brill-Zinsser disease
recurrent f. relapsing f
red f. , red f. of the Congo murine typhus
redwater f. 1. bovine babesiosis 2. a highly fatal disease of cattle and occasionally of sheep caused by infection with Clostridium haemolyticum.
relapsing f. an acute infectious disease caused by any one of a number of strains of Borrelia, marked by a number of febrile attacks lasting about six days and separated from each other by apyretic intervals of about the same length; the microorganism is found in the blood during the febrile periods but not during the intervals, the disappearance being associated with specific antibodies and previously evoked antibodies. There are two epidemiologic varieties: 1) the louse-borne variety, occurring chiefly in Europe, northern Africa, and India, and caused by strains of B. recurrentis; 2) the tick-borne variety, occurring in Africa, Asia, and North and South America, caused by various species of Borrelia, each of which is transmitted by a different species of the soft tick, Ornithodoros.bilious typhoid of Griesinger, famine f., recurrent f., spirillum f., typhinia;
remittent f. a f. pattern in which temperature varies during each 24 hour period, but never reaches normal. Most f.'s are remittent and the pattern is not characteristic of any disease, although in the 19th century it was considered a diagnostic term.
remittent malarial f. See remittent malaria.
rheumatic f. f. following infection of the throat with group A streptococci, occurring primarily in children and young adults, and inducing an immunopathy variably associated with acute migratory polyarthritis, Sydenham's chorea, subcutaneous nodules over bony prominences (myocarditis with formation of Aschoff bodies) which may cause acute cardiac failure, and endocarditis (frequently followed by scarring of valves, causing stenosis or incompetence); relapses are common if repeated streptococcal infections occur.
rice-field f. a febrile illness affecting workers in rice fields, reported in Po valley in Italy and in Sumatra, caused by infection with a species of Leptospira.
Rift Valley f. a fatal endemic disease of sheep, caused by Rift Valley f. virus, a member of the family Bunyaviridae, which is also pathogenic for man and cattle, producing in man f. of an undifferentiated type. [Rift Valley in Kenya]
Rocky Mountain spotted f. an acute infectious disease of high mortality, characterized by frontal and occipital headache, intense lumbar pain, malaise, a moderately high continuous f., and a rash on wrists, palms, ankles, and soles from the second to the fifth day, later spreading to all parts of the body; it occurs in the spring of the year primarily in the southeast U.S. and the Rocky Mountain region, although it is also endemic elsewhere in the U.S., in parts of Canada, in Mexico, and in South America; the pathogenic organism is Rickettsia rickettsii, transmitted by two or more tick species of the genus Dermacentor; in the U.S. it is spread by D. andersoni in the western states and D. variabilis (a dog tick) in the eastern states.black f., black measles (2), blue disease, blue f., Mexican spotted f., São Paulo f., tick f. (4), Tobia f;
Roman f. malignant tertian, falciparum, or aestivoautumnal f., formerly prevalent in the Roman Campagna and in the city of Rome; caused by Plasmodium falciparum.
Ross River f. epidemic polyarthritis
sakushu f. hasamiyami
Salinem f. infection with Leptospira pyrogenes, reported in Salinem.Salinem infection;
salt f. elevated temperature in an infant, following a rectal injection of a salt solution. See also thirst f.
sandfly f. phlebotomus f
San Joaquin f. primary coccidioidomycosis
San Joaquin Valley f. primary coccidioidomycosis
São Paulo f. Rocky Mountain spotted f
scarlet f. scarlatina
Sennetsu f. a disease of man in western Japan caused by the rickettsia Ehrlichia sennetsu and characterized by fever, malaise, anorexia, backache, and lymphadenopathy.
septic f. septicemia
seven-day f. 1. autumn f. (1) 2. hasamiyami
shin bone f. trench f
ship f. typhus
shipping f. 1. in horses, synonymous with pinkeye or influenza; 2. in cattle, a common syndrome seen especially during or after shipping in cold weather or other stressful circumstances, manifested by acute inflammation of the upper respiratory tract usually terminating in pneumonia; associated with parainfluenza virus type 3, although some of the infections are associated with Pasteurella.
shoddy f. febrile disease occurring in workers in shoddy factories, with cough, dyspnea and headache, caused by inhalation of dust.
simian hemorrhagic f. a highly fatal disease of macaque monkeys caused by the simian hemorrhagic f. virus and characterized by fever, facial edema, anorexia, adipsia, skin petechiae, diarrhea, hemorrhages, and death.
Sindbis f. a febrile illness of humans in Africa, Australia, and other countries, characterized by arthralgia, rash, and malaise; caused by the Sindbis virus, a member of the family Togaviridae, and transmitted by culicine mosquitoes.
slime f. leptospiral infection with jaundice, presumably infection by Leptospira icterohemorrhagica.
slow f. a continued f. of long duration.
smelter's f. metal fume f., occurring in workers in zinc smelters.smelter's chills, smelter's shakes;
snail f. schistosomiasis
solar f. 1. dengue 2. sunstroke
Songo f. epidemic hemorrhagic f
South African tick-bite f. a typhus-like f. of South Africa caused by Rickettsia rickettsii and usually characterized by primary eschar and regional adenitis, rigors, and maculopapular rash on the fifth day, often with severe central nervous system symptoms.
spirillum f. relapsing f
spotted f. tick typhus caused by Rickettsia rickettsii in North and South America and Siberia.
steroid f. f. presumably caused by elevated plasma concentrations of certain pyrogenic steroids; can be produced by administration of etiocholanolone.
swamp f. 1. equine infectious anemia 2. malaria
swine f. hog cholera
symptomatic f. traumatic f
syphilitic f. the elevation of temperature often present in the early roseolous stage of secondary syphilis.
tertian f. vivax malaria
Texas f. bovine babesiosis
therapeutic f. pyrotherapy
thermic f. heatstroke
thirst f. an elevation of temperature in infants after reduction of fluid intake, diarrhea, or vomiting; probably caused by reduced available body water, with reduced heat loss by evaporation; an analogous condition in adults is seen when exertion is continued in the face of dehydration.dehydration f., exsiccation f., inanition f;
three-day f. phlebotomus f
tick f. 1. any infectious disease of man or the lower animals caused by a protozoan blood parasite, a bacterium, a rickettsia, or a virus, and transmitted by a tick; 2. the tick-borne variety of relapsing f.; 3. bovine babesiosis 4. Rocky Mountain spotted f 5. Colorado tick f
tick-borne f. a rickettsial disease of ruminants transmitted by the tick Ixodes ricinus in Europe and Rhipicephalus haemaphysaloides supina in India and characterized by pyrexia, depression, and anorexia.
Tobia f. Rocky Mountain spotted f
traumatic f. elevation of temperature following an injury.symptomatic f., wound f;
trench f. an uncommon rickettsial f. caused by Rochalimaea quintans and transmitted by the louse Pediculus humanus, first appearing as an epidemic during the trench warfare of World War I; characterized by the sudden onset of chills and f., myalgia (especially of the back and legs), headache, and general malaise that typically lasts five days but may recur.five-day f., quintan f., shin bone f;
trypanosome f. the febrile stage of sleeping sickness.
tsutsugamushi f. tsutsugamushi disease
typhoid f. an acute infectious disease caused by Salmonella typhi and characterized by a continued f. rising in a steplike curve the first week, severe physical and mental depression, an eruption of rose-colored spots on the chest and abdomen, tympanites, often diarrhea, and sometimes intestinal hemorrhage or perforation of the bowel; average duration is four weeks, although aborted forms and relapses are not uncommon; the lesions are located chiefly in the lymph follicles of the intestines (Peyer's patches), the mesenteric glands, and the spleen; antibody titer of the Widal test rises during the infection, and early positive blood and urine cultures become negative.abdominal typhoid, enteric f. (1), typhoid (2) ;
undifferentiated type f.'s a term applied to illnesses resulting from infection by any one of the arboviruses pathogenic for man, in which the only constant manifestation is f.; rash, lymphadenopathy, or arthralgia (alone or in combination) may occur in some individuals but not in others; some arboviruses may induce infections in which undifferentiated type f. is the only manifestation, whereas other arboviruses may induce in some persons only undifferentiated f., and in other persons similar f. followed by secondary manifestations, e.g., a hemorrhagic f. or encephalitis.
undulant f. brucellosis [referring to the wavy appearance of the long temperature curve]
undulating f. brucellosis
urethral f. urinary f
urinary f. an elevation of temperature, usually slight and transitory, following catheterization of the urethra, or the passage of blood clots, gravel, or a calculus.catheter f., urethral f;
urticarial f. schistosomiasis japonica
uveoparotid f. chronic enlargement of the parotid glands and inflammation of the uveal tract accompanied by a long-continued f. of low degree; now recognized as a form of sarcoidosis.Heerfordt's disease;
Uzbekistan hemorrhagic f. a viral f. in central Asia probably transmitted by Hyalomma anatolicum.
valley f. primary coccidioidomycosis
viral hemorrhagic f. an epidemic disease, and associated with fever, malaise, muscular pain, respiratory tract symptoms, vomiting, and diarrhea; epistaxis, hemoptysis, hematemesis, and subconjunctival hemorrhages occur in severe cases, and body rash and tremors occur in some instances; a disease caused by a number of different viruses in the families Arenoviridae, Bunyviridae, Flaviviridae, Filoviridae, etc. See also hemorrhagic f.
vivax f. vivax malaria
Wesselsbron f. a mosquito-borne disease of sheep and man caused by the Wesselsbron disease virus, a member of the family Flaviviridae, and characterized by abortion and lamb mortality in sheep and by fever, headache, muscular pains, and mild rash in humans.Wesselsbron disease; [Wesselsbron, town in South Africa where causative agent first isolated]
West African f. malarial hemoglobinuria
West Nile f. a febrile illness caused by West Nile virus, a member of the family Flaviviridae, and characterized by headache, fever, maculopapular rash, myalgia, lymphadenopathy, and leukopenia; spread by Culex mosquitoes from a reservoir in birds.
wound f. traumatic f
Yangtze Valley f. schistosomiasis japonica
yellow f. a tropical mosquito-borne viral hepatitis, due to yellow f. virus, a member of the family Flaviviridae, with an urban form transmitted by Aedes aegypti, and a rural, jungle, or sylvatic form from tree-dwelling mammals by various mosquitoes of the Haemagogus species complex; characterized clinically by fever, slow pulse, albuminuria, jaundice, congestion of the face, and hemorrhages, especially hematemesis; immunity to reinfection accompanies recovery.
Zika f. an acute disease, probably transmitted by mosquitoes, clinically resembling dengue; caused by Zika virus, a member of the family Flaviviridae.
zinc fume f. brass founder's f


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