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gallbladder (gawl´blad-er)

A pear-shaped receptacle on the inferior surface of the liver, in a hollow between the right lobe and the quadrate lobe; it serves as a storage reservoir for bile.vesica biliaris [NA], vesica fellea [NA], bile cyst, cholecyst, cholecystis, cystis fellea, gall bladder, vesicula fellis;
Courvoisier's g. an enlarged, often palpable g. in a patient with carcinoma of the head of the pancreas. It is associated with jaundice due to obstruction of the common bile duct. See Courvoisier's law.
porcelain g. intramural calcification of the g. commonly associated with g. cancer.
sandpaper g. a roughened condition of the mucous membrane of the g., associated usually with the presence of gallstones.
strawberry g. a g. of which the mucosa is dotted with yellowish cholesterol deposits contrasting with the red hyperemic background.


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