glycoside

glycoside (glI´ko-sId)

Condensation product of a sugar with any other radical involving the loss of the H of the hemiacetal or hemiketal OH of the sugar, leaving the O of this OH as the link; thus, the condensation through the O-1 with an alcohol, which loses its OH, yields an alcohol-glycoside (or a glycosido-alcohol); links involving loss of the entire sugar 1-OH, as in condensation with a purine or pyrimidine -NH- group, yield glycosyl (or N-glycosyl) compounds.
cyanogenic g. a g. capable of generating CN- upon metabolism (e.g., amygdalin).

 

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