infection

infection (in-fek´shun)

Multiplication of parasitic organisms within the body; multiplication of usual bacterial flora of the intestinal tract is not usually viewed as i.endoparasitism;
agonal i. terminal i
airborne i. a mechanism of transmission of an infectious agent by particles, dust, or droplet nuclei suspended in the air.
apical i. implantation of microorganisms at the apex of a tooth, usually the result of the migration of microorganisms from the pulp canal through the apical foramen.
cross i. i. spread from one source to another, person to person, animal to person, person to animal, animal to animal.
cryptogenic i. bacterial, viral, or other i., the source of which is unknown.
disseminated gonococcal i. i. from Neisseria gonorrhea which is spread to distant parts of the body beyond the original portal of entry (usually the lower genital tract). Usually manifest by rash and arthritis.
droplet i. i. acquired through the inhalation of droplets or aerosols of saliva or sputum containing virus or other microorganisms expelled by another person during sneezing, coughing, laughing, or talking.
endogenous i. i. caused by an infectious agent already present in the body, the previous i. having been inapparent.
focal i. an old term which distinguishes local i.'s (focal) from generalized i.'s (sepsis).
inapparent i. presence of i. in a host without the occurrence of recognizable symptoms or signs.
latent i. an asymptomatic i. capable of manifesting symptoms under particular circumstances or if activated.
mass i. i. resulting from the entrance of a large number of pathogens into the circulation or tissues.
mixed i. i. by more than one variety of pathogenic microorganisms.
pyogenic i. i. characterized by severe local inflammation, usually with pus formation, generally caused by one of the pyogenic bacteria.
Salinem i. Salinem fever
scalp i. an i. external to the galea; e.g., folliculitis or cellulitis.
secondary i. an i., usually septic, occurring in a person or animal already suffering from an i. of another nature.
terminal i. an acute i., commonly pneumonic or septic, occurring toward the end of any disease and often the cause of death.agonal i;
urinary tract i. (UTI) microbial i., usually bacterial, of any part of the urinary tract; can involve the parenchyma of the kidney, the renal pelvis, the ureter, the bladder, the urethra or combinations of these organs; often the entire urinary tract is affected; the most common organism causing such infection is Escherichia coli.
Vincent's i. necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis
zoonotic i. an i. shared in nature by man with other species of vertebrate animals.

 

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