anatomy (a-nat´o-me)

1. The morphologic structure of an organism. 2. The science of the morphology or structure of organisms. 3. dissection 4. A work describing the form and structure of an organism and its various parts. [G. anatome, dissection, from ana, apart, + tome, a cutting]
applied a. clinical a
artificial a. the manufacture of models of anatomic structures, or the study of a. from such models.
artistic a. the study of a. for artistic purposes, as applied to painting, drawing, or sculpture.
clastic a. the construction or study of models in layers which can be removed one after the other to show the structure of the organism and/or organ.plastic a;
clinical a. the practical application of anatomical knowledge to diagnosis and treatment.applied a;
comparative a. the comparative study of animal structure with regard to homologous organs or parts.
dental a. that branch of gross a. concerned with the morphology of teeth, their location, position, and relationships.
descriptive a. a description of, especially a treatise describing, physical structure, more particularly that of man.systematic a;
developmental a. a. of the structural changes of an individual from fertilization to adulthood; includes embryology, fetology, and postnatal development.
functional a. a. studied in its relation to function.morphophysiology, physiological a;
general a. the study of gross and microscopic structures as well as of the composition of the body, its tissues and fluids.
gross a. general a., so far as it can be studied without the use of the microscope; commonly used to denote the study of a. by dissection of a cadaver. See practical a.macroscopic a;
living a. the study of a. in the living individual by inspection.
macroscopic a. gross a
medical a. a. in its bearing upon the diagnosis and treatment of diseases.
microscopic a. the branch of a. in which the structure of cells, tissues, and organs is studied with the light microscope. See histology.
pathological a. anatomical pathology
physiological a. functional a
plastic a. clastic a
practical a. a. studied by means of dissection. See gross a.
radiological a. the study of bodily sturcture using radiographs and other imaging methods.
regional a. an approach to anatomical study based on regions, parts, or divisions of the body (e.g., the foot or the inguinal region), emphasizing the relationships of various systemic structures (e.g., muscles, nerves, and arteries) within that area; distinguished from systemic a.topographic a., topology (1);
special a. the a. of certain definite organs or groups of organs involved in the performance of special functions; descriptive a. dealing with the separate systems.
surface a. the study of the configuration of the surface of the body, especially in its relation to deeper parts.
surgical a. applied a. in reference to surgical diagnosis and treatment.
systematic a. descriptive a
systemic a. a. of the systems of the body; an approach to anatomical study organized by organ systems, e.g., the cardiovascular system, emphasizing an overview of the system throughout the body; distinguished from regional a.
topographic a. regional a
transcendental a. the theories and deductions based upon the morphology of the organs and individual parts of the body.
ultrastructural a. the ultramicroscopic study of structures too small to be seen with a light microscope.


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