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lactose (lak´tos)

4-(beta-d-Galactosido)-d-glucose;a disaccharide present in mammalian milk, occurring naturally as a- and beta-l.; obtained from cow's milk and used in modified milk preparations, in food for infants and convalescents, and in pharmaceutical preparations; large doses act as an osmotic diuretic and as a laxative.milk sugar, saccharum lactis;
l. synthase the enzyme responsible for the synthesis of l., catalyzing the reaction between UDP-galactose and d-glucose to l. and UDP.


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