ligament

ligament (lig´a-ment)

1. A band or sheet of fibrous tissue connecting two or more bones, cartilages, or other structures, or serving as support for fasciae or muscles. 2. A fold of peritoneum supporting any of the abdominal viscera. 3. Any structure resembling a l. though not performing the function of such. 4. The cordlike remains of a fetal vessel or other structure that has lost its original lumen.ligamentum [NA]; [L. ligamentum, a band, bandage]
accessory l.'s l.'s about a joint that are in addition to the articular capsule. They may lie within, or on the outside of the latter.
accessory plantar l.'s plantar l.'s
accessory volar l.'s palmar l.'s
acromioclavicular l. a fibrous band extending from the acromion of the scapula to the clavicle.ligamentum acromioclaviculare [NA];
alar l.'s 1. one of a pair of short stout bands that extends from the side of the dens of the axis to the tubercle on the medial aspect of the occipital condyle;check l.'s of odontoid; 2. alar folds, under fold
alveolodental l. periodontal l
annular l. one of a number of l.'s encircling various parts; the principal annular l.'s are those of the stapes, radius, and trachea. See annular l. of the radius, annular l. of the stapes, annular l.'s of the trachea.ligamentum annulare, orbicular l;
annular l. of the radius the l. that encircles and holds the head of the radius in the radial notch of the ulna, forming the proximal radioulnar joint and enabling pronation/supination of forearm; receives the radial collateral l. of the elbow.ligamentum annulare radii [NA], ligamentum orbiculare radii, orbicular l. of radius;
annular l. of the stapes a ring of elastic fibers that attaches the base of the stapes to the margin of the fenestra vestibuli.ligamentum annulare stapedis [NA];
annular l.'s of the trachea the fibrous membranes that connect adjacent tracheal cartilages.ligamenta annularia trachealia [NA], ligamenta trachealia [NA];
anococcygeal l. a musculofibrous band that passes between the anus and the coccyx.ligamentum anococcygeum [NA], anococcygeal body, raphe anococcygea, Symington's anococcygeal body;
anterior costotransverse l. superior costotransverse l
anterior cruciate l. the l. that extends from the anterior intercondylar area of the tibia to the posterior part of the medial surface of the lateral condyle of the femur.ligamentum cruciatum anterius [NA];
anterior l. of head of fibula a l. uniting the anterior part of the head of the fibula to the tibia.ligamentum capitis fibulae anterius;
anterior l. of Helmholtz See anterior l. of malleus.
anterior longitudinal l. the wide fibrous band interconnecting the anterior surfaces of the vertebral bodies.lacertus medius, ligamentum longitudinale anterius;
anterior l. of malleus consists of two portions: Meckel's band, passing from the base of the anterior process to the spine of the sphenoid through the petrotympanic fissure; and the anterior l. of Helmholtz, extending from the anterior aspect of the neck of the malleus to the anterior boundary of the tympanic notch.ligamentum mallei anterius [NA];
anterior meniscofemoral l. the ligamentous band that passes anterior to the posterior cruciate l., extending between the posterior portion of the lateral meniscus and the upper end of the anterior cruciate l.ligamentum meniscofemorale anterius [NA], Humphry's l;
anterior sacrococcygeal l. ventral sacrococcygeal l
anterior sacroiliac l.'s the strong fibrous bands that reinforce the sacroiliac joint anteriorly.ligamenta sacroiliaca anteriora [NA], ventral sacroiliac l.'s;
anterior sacrosciatic l. sacrospinous l
anterior sternoclavicular l. a fibrous band that reinforces the sternoclavicular anteriorly.ligamentum sternoclaviculare anterius [NA];
anterior talofibular l. the band of fibers that extends from the lateral malleolus to the neck of the talus.ligamentum talofibulare anterius [NA];
anterior talotibial l. anterior tibiotalar l See also deltoid l.
anterior tibiofibular l. the l. that binds the anterior aspect of the tibiofibular syndesmosis.ligamentum tibiofibulare anterius [NA];
anterior tibiotalar l. the part of the medial or deltoid l. that extends from the medial malleolus to the neck of the talus.pars tibiotalaris anterior ligamenti medialis [NA], anterior talotibial l., anterior tibiotalar part of deltoid ligament, ligamentum medialis, ligamentum talotibiale anterius;
apical l. of dens a l. that extends from the apex of the dens of the axis to the anterior margin of the foramen magnum; includes vestiges of notochord.ligamentum apicis dentis [NA];
Arantius' l. ligamentum venosum
arcuate popliteal l. a broad fibrous band attached above to the lateral condyle of the femur and passing medially and downward, blending with the posterior part of the fibrous capsule of the knee joint, arching over the tendon of the popliteus muscle.ligamentum popliteum arcuatum [NA], popliteal arch, posterior l. of knee;
arcuate pubic l. the l. that arches across the inferior aspect of the pubic symphysis.ligamentum arcuatum pubis [NA], inferior pubic l;
arterial l. ligamentum arteriosum
l.'s of auditory ossicles the l.'s connecting the ear bones with one another and with the walls of the tympanic cavity.ligamenta ossiculorum auditus [NA];
auricular l.'s the three l.'s that attach the auricle to the side of the head: anterior auricular l. (ligamentum auriculare anterius), which extends from the root of the zygomatic process to the spine of the helix; posterior auricular l. (ligamentum auriculare posterius), which extends from the mastoid process to the conchal eminence; superior auricular l. (ligamentum auriculare superius), which extends from the superior margin of the osseous external acoustic meatus to the spine of the helix.ligamenta auricularia [NA], Valsalva's l.'s;
axis l. of malleus Helmholtz' axis l
Bardinet's l. the posterior band of the ulnar collateral l. of the elbow.
Barkow's l.'s the anterior and posterior portions of the fibrous capsule of the elbow joint.
Bellini's l. a fasciculus from the ischiofemoral portion of the articular fibrous capsule of the hip which extends to the great trochanter.
Berry's l.'s lateral thyrohyoid l
Bertin's l. iliofemoral l
Bichat's l. the lower fasciculus of the posterior sacroiliac l.
bifurcate l. a strong V-shaped l. on the dorsum of the foot that passes from the calcaneus distal to the tarsal sinus and attaches to cuboid and navicular bones; it is divided into the dorsal calcaneocuboid l. and the calcaneonavicular l.ligamentum bifurcatum [NA], bifurcated l;
bifurcated l. bifurcate l
Bigelow's l. iliofemoral l
Botallo's l. ligamentum arteriosum
Bourgery's l. oblique popliteal l
broad l. of the uterus the peritoneal fold passing from the lateral margin of the uterus to the wall of the pelvis on either side, and in so doing also ensheathing the ovaries and uterine tubes.ligamentum latum uteri [NA];
Brodie's l. transverse humeral l
Burns' l. superior horn of falciform margin of saphenous opening
calcaneocuboid l. the lateral part of the bifurcate l.ligamentum calcaneocuboideum [NA];
calcaneofibular l. the middle of the three fascicles that form the lateral collateral l. of the ankle joint, reinforcing the lateral side of the ankle joint; the remaining two l.'s of the lateral collateral l.'s are the anterior and posterior talofibular l.'s.ligamentum calcaneofibulare [NA];
calcaneonavicular l. the medial part of the l. bifurcatum.ligamentum calcaneonaviculare [NA];
calcaneotibial l. tibiocalcaneal l See also deltoid l.
Caldani's l. coracoclavicular l
Campbell's l. suspensory l. of axilla
Camper's l. inferior fascia of urogenital diaphragm
capsular l. thickened portions of the fibrous membrane of an articular capsule.ligamentum capsulare;
cardinal l. a fibrous band attached to the uterine cervix and the vault of the lateral fornix of the vagina; continuous with the tissue ensheathing the pelvic vessels.cervical l. of uterus, ligamentum transversale colli, Mackenrodt's l;
caroticoclinoid l. the l. that connects the anterior to the middle clinoid process of the sphenoid bone.
carpometacarpal l.'s the l.'s uniting the metacarpal and carpal bones.ligamenta carpometacarpalia [NA];
caudal l. caudal retinaculum
ceratocricoid l. ligamentum ceratocricoideum
cervical l. of uterus cardinal l
check l.'s of eyeball, medial and lateral expansions of the sheaths of the medial and lateral rectus muscles of the eyeball which are attached, respectively, to the lacrimal bone and to the orbital tubercle of the zygomatic bone; they serve to prevent overaction of these muscles.
check l.'s of odontoid alar l.'s (1)
chondroxiphoid l. costoxiphoid l
ciliary l. ciliary muscle
Civinini's l. pterygospinous l
Clado's l. a mesenteric fold running from the broad l. on the right side to the appendix.
collateral l. one of a number of l.'s on either side of, and serving as a radius of movement of, a joint having a hingelike movement; they occur at the following joints: elbow, knee, wrist, and the metacarpo- or metatarsophalangeal, proximal interphalangeal, and distal interphalangeal joints of the hands and feet.ligamentum collaterale [NA];
Colles' l. reflected inguinal l
conjugate l. a l. in some mammals which is the homologue of the intra-articular l. present in the joints between the heads of the ribs and the vertebrae.ligamentum conjugale;
conoid l. the medial part of the coracoclavicular l. that attaches to the conoid tubercle of the clavicle.ligamentum conoideum [NA];
Cooper's l.'s 1. suspensory l.'s of breast 2. pectineal l 3. transverse l. of elbow
coracoacromial l. the heavy arched fibrous band that passes between the coracoid process and the acromion above the shoulder joint; the osseofibrous arch thus formed prevents upward dislocation of the shoulder (glanohumeral) joint.ligamentum coracoacromiale [NA];
coracoclavicular l. the strong l. that unites the clavicle to the coracoid process; it is subdivided into the conoid ligamentum and the trapezoid ligamentum. The free upper limb is passively suspended from the clavicular "strut" by the coracoclavicular l.; the l. also plays an important role in preventing dislocation of the acromioclavicular joint.ligamentum coracoclaviculare [NA], Caldani's l;
coracohumeral l. the l. that passes from the base of the coracoid process to the greater tubercle of the humerus.ligamentum coracohumerale [NA];
corniculopharyngeal l. cricopharyngeal l
coronary l. of knee portions of the articular capsule of the knee joint which connect the circumference of the menisci with the margins of the condyles of the tibia.
coronary l. of liver peritoneal reflections from the liver to the diaphragm at the margins of the bare area of the liver.ligamentum coronarium hepatis [NA];
costoclavicular l. the l. that connects the first rib and the clavicle near its sternal end; limits elavation of shoulder (at sternoclavicular joint).ligamentum costoclaviculare [NA], rhomboid l;
costocolic l. phrenicocolic l
costotransverse l. the l. that connects the dorsal aspect of the neck of a rib to the ventral aspect of the corresponding transverse process.ligamentum costotransversarium [NA], ligamentum colli costae, middle costotransverse l;
costoxiphoid l. the l. that connects the xiphoid process to the seventh, and often to the sixth, costal cartilages.ligamentum costoxiphoideum [NA], chondroxiphoid l;
cotyloid l. acetabular labrum
Cowper's l. the part of the fascia lata which is anterior to and provides origin for fibers of the pectineus muscle.
cricopharyngeal l. an elastic band connecting the tip of the corniculate (Santorini's) cartilage and the lamina of the cricoid cartilage and continuing into the pharyngeal mucosa covering the cricoid lamina.ligamentum cricopharyngeum [NA], corniculopharyngeal l., cricosantorinian l., jugal l., ligamentum corniculopharyngeum, ligamentum jugale;
cricosantorinian l. cricopharyngeal l
cricothyroid l. the strong band that connects the cricoid and thyroid cartilages in the midline anteriorly; it is continuous posteriorly with the conus elasticus.conus elasticus (2) [NA], ligamentum cricothyroideum [NA];
cricotracheal l. a midline fibrous band connecting the cricoid cartilage with the first ring of the trachea.ligamentum cricotracheale [NA], cricotracheal membrane;
crucial l. 1. See inferior extensor retinaculum, superior extensor retinaculum. 2. cruciate l.'s of knee 3. cruciform l. of atlas 4. cruciform part of fibrous digital sheath
cruciate l. of the atlas cruciform l. of atlas
cruciate l.'s of knee the two l.'s which pass from the intercondylar area of the tibia to the intercondylar fossa of the femur. See anterior cruciate l., posterior cruciate l.ligamenta cruciata genus [NA], crucial l. (2);
cruciate l. of leg inferior extensor retinaculum
cruciform l. of atlas the strong l. that lies posterior to the dens of the axis holding it against the anterior arch of the atlas; it consists primarily of the transverse l. of the atlas that forms the cross-bar of the cross and is most important functionally, and longitudinal bands of the cruciform l., forming the upright or vertical beams of the cross.ligamentum cruciforme atlantis [NA], crucial l. (3), cruciate l. of the atlas, ligamentum cruciatum atlantis;
Cruveilhier's l.'s plantar l.'s
cuboideonavicular l.'s l. uniting the cuboid bone with the navicular bone. See dorsal cuboideonavicular l., plantar cuboideonavicular l.ligamentum cuboideonavicular [NA];
cuneocuboid l.'s ligament uniting the lateral cuneiform bone with the cuboid bone. See dorsal cuneocuboid l., interosseous cuneocuboid l., plantar cuneocuboid l.ligamentum cuneocuboidenum [NA];
cuneonavicular l.'s See dorsal cuneonavicular l.'s, plantar cuneonavicular l.'s.
cystoduodenal l. a peritoneal fold that sometimes passes from the gallbladder to the first part of the duodenum.
deep dorsal sacrococcygeal l. the continuation of the posterior longitudinal l. uniting the sacrum and coccyx.ligamentum sacrococcygeum posterius profundum [NA], deep posterior sacrococcygeal l;
deep posterior sacrococcygeal l. deep dorsal sacrococcygeal l
deep transverse metacarpal l. the l. that interconnects the palmar surface of the heads of the second to fifth metacarpals, being continuous with the palmar l.'s on palmar plates; it lies in the plane of the palmar interosseous fascia.ligamentum metacarpale transversum profundum [NA], transverse metacarpal l;
deep transverse metatarsal l. the l. that interconnects the plantar surface of the heads of the metatarsals, being continuous with the plantar l.'s.ligamentum metatarsale transversum profundum [NA], transverse metatarsal l;
deltoid l. compound l. consisting of four component l.'s which pass downward from the medial malleolus of the tibia to the tarsal bones: 1) tibionavicular l. (pars tibionavicularis [NA]), 2) tibiocalcaneal l. (pars tibiocalcanea [NA]), 3) anterior tibiotalar l. (pars tibiotalaris anterior [NA]), and 4) posterior tibiotalar l. (pars tibiotalaris posterior [NA]).ligamentum mediale articulationis talocruralis [NA], ligamentum deltoideum, medial l. of talocrural joint;
Denonvilliers' l. puboprostatic l
dentate l. of spinal cord rarely used variation on the spelling of denticulate l.
denticulate l. a serrated, shelflike extension of the spinal pia mater projecting in a frontal plane from either side of the cervical and thoracic spinal cord; its 21 pointed processes fuse laterally with the arachnoid and dura mater midway between the exits of the roots of adjacent spinal nerves.ligamentum denticulatum [NA];
Denucé's l. quadrate l
diaphragmatic l. of the mesonephros the segment of the urogenital ridge that extends from the mesonephros to the diaphragm; becomes the suspensory l. of the ovary.urogenital mesentery;
dorsal calcaneocuboid l. See bifurcate l.
dorsal carpal l. extensor retinaculum
dorsal carpometacarpal l.'s fibrous bands that connect the dorsal surfaces of the carpal and metacarpal bones.ligamentum carpometacarpalia dorsalia;
dorsal cuboideonavicular l. the l. that unites the dorsal surfaces of the cuboid and navicular bones of the tarsus.ligamentum cuboideonaviculare dorsale [NA];
dorsal cuneocuboid l. the fibrous band that unites the dorsal margins of the lateral cuneiform and cuboid bones.ligamentum cuneocuboideum dorsale [NA];
dorsal cuneonavicular l.'s several l.'s connecting the dorsal surface of the navicular with the three cuneiform bones.ligamenta cuneonavicularia dorsalia;
dorsal metacarpal l.'s fibrous bands connecting the dorsal aspects of the bases of metacarpals two to five.ligamenta metacarpalia dorsalia;
dorsal metatarsal l.'s fibrous bands that connect the dorsal aspects of the bases of the metatarsals.ligamenta metatarsalia dorsalia;
dorsal radiocarpal l. the l. that extends from the distal end of the radius posteriorly to the proximal row of carpal bones.ligamentum radiocarpale dorsale [NA];
dorsal sacroiliac l.'s posterior sacroiliac l.'s
dorsal talonavicular l. the broad band that passes from the dorsal side of the neck of the talus to the dorsal surface of the navicular bone.ligamentum talonaviculare [NA], talonavicular l;
duodenorenal l. a fold of peritoneum occasionally passing from the termination of the hepatoduodenal l. to the front of the right kidney.ligamentum duodenorenale;
l. of epididymis one of two folds (superior and inferior) of the tunica vaginalis between the epididymis and the testis.ligamentum epididymidis [NA];
epihyal l. stylohyoid l
external collateral l. of wrist radial collateral l. of wrist
extracapsular l.'s l.'s associated with a synovial joint but separate from and external to its articular capsule.ligamenta extracapsularia [NA];
falciform l. falciform process
falciform l. of liver a crescentic fold of peritoneum extending to the surface of the liver from the diaphragm and anterior abdominal wall; the round ligament lies in its free inferior border, derivative of embryonic ventral mesogastrium.ligamentum falciforme hepatis [NA];
fallopian l. inguinal l
Ferrein's l. lateral temporomandibular l
fibular collateral l. the cordlike l. that passes from the lateral epicondyle of the femur to the head of the fibula.ligamentum collaterale fibulare [NA], lateral l. of knee, Winslow's l;
fibular collateral l. of ankle lateral collateral l. of ankle
Flood's l. a band of the coracohumeral ligament, attached to the lower part of the lesser tuberosity of the humerus.
fundiform l. of foot Retzius' l
fundiform l. of penis a band of elastic fibers of the superficial fascial layer that extends from the linea alba above the pubic symphysis splitting to surround the penis before attaching to the fascia of the penis.ligamentum fundiforme penis [NA];
gastrocolic l. the major, apron-like portion of the greater omentum that extends between the stomach and the transverse colon.ligamentum gastrocolicum [NA];
gastrodiaphragmatic l. gastrophrenic l
gastrolienal l. gastrosplenic l
gastrophrenic l. the portion of the greater omentum that extends from the greater curvature of the stomach to the inferior surface of the diaphragm.ligamentum gastrophrenicum [NA], gastrodiaphragmatic l., phrenogastric l;
gastrosplenic l. the portion of the greater omentum that lies between the greater curvature of the stomach and the hilum of the spleen.ligamentum gastrosplenicum [NA], ligamentum gastrolienale [NA], gastrolienal l., gastrosplenic omentum;
genital l. an embryonic mesenchymatous band providing support for the internal genitalia.suspensory l. of gonad;
genitoinguinal l. in the fetus, a fold of the mesorchium containing the gubernaculum testis.ligamentum genitoinguinale [NA], plica gubernatrix;
Gerdy's l. suspensory l. of axilla
Gillette's suspensory l. cricoesophageal tendon
Gimbernat's l. lacunar l
gingivodental l. periodontal l
glenohumeral l.'s three fibrous bands that reinforce the anterior part of the articular capsule of the shoulder joint; they are in continuity with the glenoid labrum at the supraglenoid tubercle of the scapula and blend with the fibrous capsule as it attaches to the anatomic neck of the humerus.ligamenta glenohumeralia [NA];
glenoid l. 1. glenoid labrum 2. plantar l.'s
glossoepiglottic l. an elastic ligamentous band passing from the base of the tongue to the epiglottis in the middle glossoepiglottic fold.
Günz' l. a portion of the superficial layer of the obturator membrane.
hammock l. the part of the periodontium below the growing end of the root of the tooth.
l. of head of femur a flattened l. that passes from the fovea in the head of the femur to the borders of the acetabular notch (transverse acetabular l.); developmentally, an artery passes to the head of the femur with the l. which may or may not persist into adulthood; the l. does not contribute to the integrity of the joint or control movements there.ligamentum capitis femoris [NA], ligamentum teres femoris, round l. of femur;
Helmholtz' axis l. a l. forming the axis about which the malleus rotates; it consists of two portions extending from the anterior and the posterior border, respectively, of the tympanic notch to the malleus.axis l. of malleus;
Hensing's l. the left superior colic l.; a small serous horizontal or oblique fold sometimes found extending between the upper end of the descending colon and the abdominal wall. See phrenicocolic l.
hepatocolic l. an inconstant extension of the hepatoduodenal l. to the transverse colon.ligamentum hepatocolicum [NA];
hepatoduodenal l. the portion of the lesser omentum that connects the liver and duodenum.ligamentum hepatoduodenale [NA];
hepatoesophageal l. the part of the lesser omentum that extends between the liver and the abdominal part of the esophagus.ligamentum hepatoesophageum;
hepatogastric l. the part of the lesser omentum that extends between the liver and lesser curvature of the stomach.ligamentum hepatogastricum [NA];
hepatorenal l. a prolongation of the coronary l. downward over the right kidney.ligamentum hepatorenale [NA];
Hesselbach's l. interfoveolar l
Hey's ligament superior horn of falciform margin of saphenous opening
Holl's l. l. joining the corpora cavernosa clitoridis in front of the urinary meatus.
Hueck's l. trabecular reticulum
Humphry's l. anterior meniscofemoral l
Hunter's l. round l. of uterus
hyalocapsular l. attachment of the vitreous body to the posterior surface of the lens of the eye.ligamentum hyaloideo-capsulario;
hyoepiglottic l. a short elastic band that unites the epiglottis to the upper border of the hyoid bone.ligamentum hyoepiglotticum [NA];
hypsiloid l. iliofemoral l
iliofemoral l. a triangular l. attached by its apex to the anterior inferior spine of the ilium and rim of the acetabulum, and by its base to the anterior intertrochanteric line of the femur; the strong medial band is attached to the lower part of the intertrochanteric line; the strong lateral part is fixed to the tubercle at the upper part of this line; the bands diverge, forming a Y-like figure with a weak area between; among the strongest of the body's l.'s, it limits extension at the hip joint.ligamentum iliofemorale [NA], Bertin's l., Bigelow's l., hypsiloid l., Y-shaped l;
iliolumbar l. the strong l. that connects the fourth and fifth lumbar vertebrae with the ilium, spanning the "notch" between the vertebral column and the wing of the ileum.ligamentum iliolumbale [NA];
iliopectineal l. iliopectineal arch
iliotrochanteric l. the lateral strong band of the Y-shaped iliofemoral l.; it is attached below to the tubercle at the upper part of the intertrochanteric line.
inferior calcaneonavicular l. plantar calcaneonavicular l
inferior l. of epididymis the lower of the folds of the tunica vaginalis between the body of the epididymis and the testis.ligamentum epididymidis inferius;
inferior pubic l. arcuate pubic l
inferior transverse scapular l. an inconstant fibrous band that passes from the lateral border of the spine of the scapula to the posterior margin of the glenoid cavity.ligamentum transversum scapulae inferius [NA], spinoglenoid l;
infundibulo-ovarian l. ovarian fimbria
infundibulopelvic l. suspensory l. of ovary
inguinal l. a fibrous band formed by the thickened inferior border of the aponeurosis of the external oblique that extends from the anterior superior spine of the ilium to the pubic tubercle bridging, muscular and vascular lacunae;forms the floor of the inguinal canal; gives origin to the lowermost fibers of internal oblique and transversus abdominis muscles. See also aponeurosis of external abdominal oblique muscle.ligamentum inguinale [NA], arcus inguinalis [NA], crural arch, fallopian arch, fallopian l., femoral arch, Poupart's l;
inguinal l. of the kidney the segment of the mesonephros extending to the inguinal region.
intercapital l. ligamentum intercapitale
intercarpal l.'s three sets of short fibrous bands that bind together the two rows of carpal bones; according to their location they are named dorsal intercarpal l. (ligamentum intercarpalia dorsalia), interosseous intercarpal l. (ligamentum intercarpalia interossea), and palmar intercarpal l. (ligamentum intercarpalia palmaria).ligamenta intercarpalia [NA];
interclavicular l. a strong l. that connects the two sternoclavicular joints across the upper border of the manubrium.ligamentum interclaviculare [NA];
interclinoid l. a band of dura mater connecting the anterior and posterior clinoid processes of the sphenoid bone; may become ossified.
intercornual l. lateral sacrococcygeal l
intercostal l.'s intercostal membranes, under membrane
intercuneiform l.'s fibrous bands that unite the cuneiform bones; they are arranged in three sets: dorsal intercuneiform l. (ligamentum intercuneiformia dorsalia), interosseous intercuneiform l. (ligamentum intercuneiformia interossea), and plantar intercuneiform l. (ligamentum intercuneiformia plantaria).ligamenta intercuneiformia [NA];
interfoveolar l. fibrous or muscular strands that lie medial to the deep inguinal ring, extending from the lower border of the transversus muscle to the lacunar l. and pectineal fascia.ligamentum interfoveolare [NA], Hesselbach's l;
internal collateral l. of the wrist ulnar collateral l. of wrist
interosseous cuneocuboid l. the fibrous band that unites adjacent margins of the distal end of the lateral cuneiform and cuboid bones.ligamentum cuneocuboideum interosseum [NA];
interosseous cuneometatarsal l.'s l.'s that pass from the cuneiform bones to the metatarsals, the one from the first cuneiform to the second metatarsal being the strongest.ligamenta cuneometatarsalia interossea [NA], Lisfranc's l.'s;
interosseous metacarpal l.'s fibrous bands connecting the bases of metacarpals two to five; they extend between the dorsal and palmar metacarpal ligaments.ligamenta metacarpalia interossea;
interosseous metatarsal l.'s fibrous bands that connect the bases of the metatarsals; they extend between the dorsal and plantar metatarsal ligaments.ligamenta metatarsalia interossea;
interosseous sacroiliac l.'s short obliquely directed fibrous bands that pass between the sacrum and ilium in the narrow cleft behind the auricular surfaces of these bones.ligamenta sacroiliaca interossea [NA];
interosseous talocalcaneal l. a strong fibrous band occupying the tarsal sinus.ligamentum talocalcaneare interosseum;
interosseous tibiofibular l. transverse tibiofibular l
interspinous l. bands of fibrous tissue that connect the spinous processes of adjacent vertebrae.ligamentum interspinale [NA];
intertransverse l. one of the ligaments that connect the transverse processes of adjacent vertebrae.ligamentum intertransversarium [NA];
intra-articular l. of costal head transverse fibers extending within the capsule from the ridge between the two facets on the head of the rib to the intervertebral disk.ligamentum capitis costae intra-articulare [NA];
intra-articular sternocostal l. a l. within the articular capsule between a costal cartilage and the sternum; especially well developed at second costal cartilage.ligamentum sternocostale intra-articulare [NA];
intracapsular l.'s ligaments located within and separate from the articular capsule of a synovial joint.ligamenta intracapsularia [NA];
ischiocapsular l. ischiofemoral l
ischiofemoral l. the thickened part of the capsule of the hip joint that passes from the ischium upward and laterally over the femoral neck; some of its fibers continue into the zona orbicularis.ligamentum ischiofemorale [NA], ischiocapsular l., ligamentum ischiocapsulare;
Jarjavay's l. sacrouterine fold
jugal l. cricopharyngeal l
Krause's l. transverse perineal l
laciniate l. flexor retinaculum of lower limb
lacunar l. a curved fibrous band that passes horizontally backward from the medial end of the inguinal l. to the pectineal line; it forms the medial boundary of the femoral ring. See also aponeurosis of external abdominal oblique muscle.ligamentum lacunare [NA], Gimbernat's l;
Lannelongue's l.'s sternopericardial l
lateral arcuate l. one of Haller's arches; a thickening of the fascia of the quadratus lumborum muscle between the transverse process of the first lumbar vertebra and the twelfth rib on either side that gives attachment to a portion of the diaphragm.ligamentum arcuatum laterale [NA], arcus lumbocostalis lateralis, lateral lumbocostal arch;
lateral l.'s of the bladder condensations of fibroareolar tissue which pass one from each side of the bladder to blend with the pelvic fascia; smooth muscle is usually present in this tissue and is referred to as the musculus rectovesicalis.
lateral collateral l. of ankle the calcaneofibular l., anterior talofibular l., and posterior talofibular l. together maintaining the integrity of the lateral aspect of the talocrural joint.fibular collateral l. of ankle;
lateral costotransverse l. the short quadrangular l., actually a thickening of the posterior aspect of the costotransverse joint, extending from the tip of the transverse process to the posterior surface of the neck of the rib.ligamentum costotransversarium laterale [NA], ligamentum costotransversarium posterius, ligamentum tuberculi costae, posterior costotransverse l;
lateral l. of elbow radial collateral l. of elbow
lateral l. of knee fibular collateral l
lateral malleolar l. See anterior tibiofibular l., posterior tibiofibular l.
lateral l. of malleus a short fan-shaped l. converging from the posterior half of the tympanic notch to the neck of the malleus.ligamentum mallei laterale [NA];
lateral palpebral l. the band that attaches the tarsal plates to the orbital eminence of the zygomatic bone.ligamentum palpebrale laterale [NA], ligamentum palpebrale externum, ligamentum tarsale externum;
lateral puboprostatic l. ligamentum puboprostaticum laterale See puboprostatic l.
lateral sacrococcygeal l. a l. that extends from the lateral inferior margin of the sacrum to the transverse process of the first coccygeal vertebra.ligamentum sacrococcygeum laterale [NA], intercornual l;
lateral talocalcaneal l. a l. extending from the trochlea of the talus to the lateral surface of the calcaneus.ligamentum talocalcaneare laterale;
lateral temporomandibular l. the capsular l. that passes obliquely down and backward across the lateral surface of the temporomandibular joint.ligamentum laterale articulationis temporomandibularis [NA], Ferrein's l., lateral l. of temporomandibular joint, ligamentum temporomandibulare, temporomandibular l;
lateral l. of temporomandibular joint lateral temporomandibular l
lateral thyrohyoid l. thickened elastic bundle connecting the superior horn of the thyroid cartilage to the tip of the greater horn of the hyoid cartilage; forms the posterior border of the thyrohyoid membrane.ligamentum thyrohyoideum laterale [NA], Berry's l.'s, ligamentum hyothyroideum laterale;
lateral umbilical l. ligamentum umbilicale laterale
lateral l. of wrist radial collateral l. of wrist
Lauth's l. transverse l. of the atlas
l. of left superior vena cava the obliterated left common cardinal vein that extends from the left brachiocephalic vein to the oblique vein of the left atrium.
left triangular l. a triangular fold of fibrous connective tissue and peritoneum that extends from the left lobe of the liver to the diaphragm.ligamentum triangulare sinistrum [NA];
l. of left vena cava the obliterated left common cardinal vein; it extends from the left brachiocephalic vein to the oblique vein of the left atrium.ligamentum venae cavae sinistrae;
lienophrenic l. splenorenal l
lienorenal l. splenorenal l
Lisfranc's l.'s interosseous cuneometatarsal l.'s
Lockwood's l. suspensory l. of eyeball
longitudinal l. one of two extensive fibrous bands running the length of the vertebral column: the anterior longitudinal l. and the posterior longitudinal l.ligamentum longitudinale [NA];
long plantar l. a strong l. that extends from the calcaneus to the cuboid and lateral metatarsals on the plantar aspect of the foot; part of the passive support system for maintaining the longitudinal arch of the foot.ligamentum plantare longum [NA];
lumbocostal l. a strong band that unites the twelfth rib with the tips of the transverse processes of the first and second lumbar vertebrae.ligamentum lumbocostale [NA];
Luschka's l.'s sternopericardial l
Mackenrodt's l. cardinal l
l.'s of malleus See anterior l. of malleus, lateral l. of malleus, superior l. of malleus.
Mauchart's l.'s See alar l.'s.
Meckel's l. Meckel's band
medial l. the bundle of fibers strengthening the medial part of the articular capsule of the temporomandibular joint.ligamentum mediale articulationis temporomandibularis [NA];
medial arcuate l. one of Haller's arches; a tendinous thickening of the psoas fascia that extends from the body of the first lumbar vertebra to its transverse process on either side. A portion of the diaphragm arises from it.ligamentum arcuatum mediale [NA], arcus lumbocostalis medialis, medial lumbocostal arch;
medial collateral l. of elbow ulnar collateral l. of elbow
medial l. of knee tibial collateral l
medial palpebral l. the fibrous band that attaches the medial ends of the tarsal plates to the maxilla at the medial orbital margin.ligamentum palpebrale mediale [NA], ligamentum tarsale internum, tendo oculi, tendo palpebrarum;
medial puboprostatic l. ligamentum puboprostaticum mediale See puboprostatic l.
medial talocalcaneal l. a l. extending from the medial tuberosity of the posterior talar process and the sustentaculum tali.ligamentum talocalcaneare mediale;
medial l. of talocrural joint deltoid l
medial umbilical l. the obliterated umbilical artery that persists as a fibrous cord passing upward alongside the bladder to the umbilicus.ligamentum umbilicale mediale [NA];
medial l. of wrist ulnar collateral l. of wrist
median arcuate l. a tendinous connection between the crura of the diaphragm that arches over the aorta, forming the anterosuperior margin of the aortic hiatus.ligamentum arcuatum medianum [NA];
median thyrohyoid l. the central thickened portion of the thyrohyoid membrane.ligamentum thyrohyoideum medianum [NA], ligamentum hyothyroideum medium;
median umbilical l. the remnant of the urachus, contained in the median umbilical fold; it persists as a midline fibrous cord between the apex of the bladder and the umbilicus.ligamentum umbilicale medianum [NA], middle umbilical l., urachal l;
meniscofemoral l.'s one of two l.'s that extend from the posterior part of the lateral meniscus to the lateral surface of the medial meniscus: anterior meniscofemoral l. and posterior meniscofemoral l.ligamenta meniscofemorale [NA];
middle costotransverse l. costotransverse l
middle umbilical l. median umbilical l
nuchal l. ligamentum nuchae
oblique l. of elbow joint a slender band extending from the lateral part of the coronoid process of the ulna distad and laterad to the radius immediately distal to the bicipital tuberosity.chorda obliqua [NA], oblique cord, round l. of elbow joint, Weitbrecht's cord, Weitbrecht's l;
oblique popliteal l. reflected tendon of insertion of semimembranous muscle; a fibrous band that extends across the back of the knee from its separation from the direct tendon of insertion on the medial condyle of the tibia to the lateral condyle of the femur.ligamentum popliteum obliquum [NA], Bourgery's l;
occipitoaxial l.'s l.'s connecting the axis with the occipital bone. See alar l.'s, apical l. of dens.
odontoid l. alar folds, under fold
orbicular l. annular l
orbicular l. of radius annular l. of the radius
ovarian l. a cordlike bundle of fibers passing to the side of the uterus from the lower end of the ovary, between the folds of the broad l. (mesovarium).ligamentum ovarii proprium [NA], proper l. of ovary;
palmar l.'s the fibrocartilaginous plates, one located on the anterior aspect of each metacarpophalangeal and interphalangeal joint, that are firmly attached to the bases of the phalanges and the heads of the next proximal bones; they are grooved to accommodate the long flexor tendons.ligamenta palmaria [NA], accessory volar l.'s;
palmar carpal l. antebrachial flexor retinaculum
palmar carpometacarpal l.'s fibrous bands that connect the palmar surfaces of the carpal and metacarpal bones.ligamentum carpometacarpalia palmaria;
palmar metacarpal l.'s fibrous bands connecting the palmar aspects of the bases of metacarpals two to five.ligamenta metacarpalia palmaria;
palmar radiocarpal l. a strong l. that passes from the distal end of the radius to the proximal row of carpal bones on the anterior surface of the wrist joint.ligamentum radiocarpale palmare [NA];
palmar ulnocarpal l. the fibrous band that passes from the ulnar styloid process to the carpal bones.ligamentum ulnocarpale palmare [NA];
patellar l. a strong flattened fibrous band passing from the apex and adjoining margins of the patella to the tuberosity of the tibia; considered by some to be part of the tendon of the quadriceps femoris muscle, in which the patella is embedded as a sesamoid bone.ligamentum patellae [NA];
pectinate l.'s of iridocorneal angle trabecular reticulum
pectinate l.'s of iris See trabecular reticulum.
pectineal l. a thick, strong fibrous band that passes laterally from the lacunar l. along the pectineal line of the pubis. See also aponeurosis of external abdominal oblique muscle.ligamentum pectineale [NA], Cooper's l.'s (2);
peridental l. periodontal l
periodontal l. the connective tissue that surrounds the tooth root and attaches it to its bony socket; it consists of fibers anchored in the cementum and extending into the alveolar bone; the tissues that surround and support the teeth, including the gingivae, cementum, periodontal l., and alveolar and supporting bone.periodontium [NA], alveolar periosteum, periosteum alveolare, alveolodental l., alveolodental membrane, gingivodental l., paradentium, parodontium, peridental l., peridental membrane, peridentium, periodontal membrane, tapetum alveoli;
Petit's l. sacrouterine fold
phrenicocolic l. a triangular fold of peritoneum attached to the left flexure of the colon and to the diaphragm, on which rests the inferior pole or extremity of the spleen.ligamentum phrenicocolicum [NA], costocolic l;
phrenicolienal l. splenorenal l
phrenicosplenic l. splenorenal l
phrenogastric l. gastrophrenic l
phrenosplenic l. splenorenal l
pisohamate l. a strong fibrous band that extends from the pisiform bone to the hook of the hamate.ligamentum pisohamatum [NA], pisounciform l., pisouncinate l;
pisometacarpal l. a strong fibrous band extending from the pisiform bone to the base of the fifth metacarpal bone; this l., together with the pisohamate l., forms the tendon of insertion of the flexor carpi ulnaris, in which the pisiform bone is like a sesamoid bone.ligamentum pisometacarpeum [NA];
pisounciform l. pisohamate l
pisouncinate l. pisohamate l
plantar l.'s the counterparts in the foot of the palmar l.'s in the hand.ligamenta plantaria [NA], accessory plantar l.'s, Cruveilhier's l.'s, glenoid l. (2);
plantar calcaneocuboid l. a strong band that passes forward and medially from the plantar surface of the calcaneus to the cuboid bone, actually forming a part of the articular "socket."ligamentum calcaneocuboideum plantare [NA];
plantar calcaneonavicular l. a dense fibroelastic l. that extends from the sustentaculum tali to the plantar surface of the navicular bone; it supports the head of the talus.ligamentum calcaneonaviculare plantare [NA], inferior calcaneonavicular l., spring l;
plantar cuboideonavicular l. the l. that unites the plantar surfaces of the cuboid and navicular bones of the tarsus.ligamentum cuboideonaviculare plantare [NA];
plantar cuneocuboid l. the fibrous band that unites the apex of the lateral cuneiform with the medial margin of the plantar suface of the cuboid.ligamentum cuneocuboideum plantare [NA];
plantar cuneonavicular l.'s l.'s connecting the plantar surface of the navicular with the three cuneiform bones.ligamenta cuneonavicularia plantaria;
plantar metatarsal l.'s fibrous bands connecting the plantar aspects of the bases of the metatarsals.ligamenta metatarsalia plantaria;
posterior costotransverse l. lateral costotransverse l
posterior cricoarytenoid l. the l. that passes downward from the posterior border of the arytenoid cartilage to the lamina of the cricoid cartilage.ligamentum cricoarytenoideum posterius [NA];
posterior cruciate l. the strong fibrous cord that extends from the posterior intercondylar area of the tibia to the anterior part of the lateral surface of the medial condyle of the femur.ligamentum cruciatum posterius [NA];
posterior l. of head of fibula a l. uniting the posterior part of the head of the fibula to the tibia.ligamentum capitis fibulae posterius;
posterior l. of incus ligamentous band extending from short crus of fincus.ligamentum incudis posterius;
posterior l. of knee arcuate popliteal l
posterior longitudinal l. the fibrous band interconnecting the posterior surfaces of the vertebral bodies; it narrows to pass between the pedicles and spreads out to blend with the posterior annulus fibrosus of the intervertebral discs; forms the anterior wall of the vertebral canal.ligamentum longitudinale posterius;
posterior meniscofemoral l. the band that passes posterior to the posterior cruciate l. extending between the medial condyle of the femur and the posterior crus of the lateral meniscus.ligamentum meniscofemorale posterius [NA], ligamentum cruciatum tertium genus, ligamentum menisci lateralis, Wrisberg's l;
posterior occipitoaxial l. tectorial membrane
posterior sacroiliac l.'s the heavy fibrous bands that pass from the ilium to the sacrum posterior to the sacroiliac joint.ligamenta sacroiliaca posteriora [NA], dorsal sacroiliac l.'s, ligamentum sacroiliacum posterius;
posterior sacrosciatic l. sacrotuberous l
posterior sternoclavicular l. a fibrous band that reinforces the sternoclavicular joint posteriorly.ligamentum sternoclaviculare posterius [NA];
posterior talofibular l. the nearly horizontal fibrous band that extends from the posterior border of the talus to the malleolar fossa.ligamentum talofibulare posterius [NA];
posterior talotibial l. posterior tibiotalar l See also deltoid l.
posterior tibiofibular l. the fibrous band that horizontally crosses the posterior aspect of the tibiofibular syndesmosis, contributing the posterior "wall" of the "socket" which receives the trochlea of the talus.ligamentum tibiofibulare posterius [NA];
posterior tibiotalar l. the part of the medial or deltoid l. that extends from the medial malleolus to the posterior process of the talus.pars tibiotalaris posterior ligamenti medialis [NA], ligamentum talotibiale posterius, posterior talotibial l., posterior tibiotalar part of deltoid ligament;
Poupart's l. inguinal l
proper l. of ovary ovarian l
pterygomandibular l. pterygomandibular raphe
pterygospinal l. pterygospinous l
pterygospinous l. a membranous l. extending from the spine of the sphenoid to the upper part of the posterior border of the lateral pterygoid lamina.ligamentum pterygospinale [NA], Civinini's l., pterygospinal l;
pubocapsular l. pubofemoral l
pubofemoral l. a thickened part of the capsule of the hip joint that extends from the superior ramus of the pubis to the intertrochanteric line of the femur.ligamentum pubofemorale [NA], ligamentum pubocapsulare, pubocapsular l;
puboprostatic l. the localized thickening of the superior fascia of the pelvic diaphragm anteriorly that anchors the prostate and neck of the bladder to the pubis on each side. It is composed of medial and lateral parts (l.'s) and usually contains smooth muscle.ligamentum puboprostaticum [NA], Denonvilliers' l;
pubovesical l. in the female the fascial thickening comparable to the puboprostatic l.ligamentum pubovesicale [NA];
pulmonary l. two-layered fold formed as the pleura of the mediastinum is reflected onto the lung inferior to the root of the lung.ligamentum pulmonale [NA], ligamentum latum pulmonis, Teutleben's l;
quadrate l. fibers that pass from the distal margin of the radial notch of the ulna to the neck of the radius.ligamentum quadratum [NA], Denucé's l;
radial collateral l. radial collateral l. of elbow
radial collateral l. of elbow the l. that connects the lateral epicondyle of the humerus with the annular l. of the radius.ligamentum collaterale radiale [NA], lateral l. of elbow, radial collateral l;
radial collateral l. of wrist the l. that extends distally from the styloid process of the radius to the carpal bones.ligamentum collaterale carpi radiale [NA], external collateral l. of wrist, lateral l. of wrist;
radiate l. radiate l. of head of rib
radiate l. of head of rib the radiate, stellate, or anterior costovertebral l. connecting the head of each rib to the bodies of the two vertebrae with which it articulates.ligamentum capitis costae radiatum [NA], ligamentum radiatum, radiate l., stellate l;
radiate sternocostal l.'s fibers of the articular capsule that radiate from the costal cartilages to the anterior surface of the sternum.ligamenta sternocostalia radiata [NA];
radiate l. of wrist the ligament that extends from the capitate bone to the scaphoid, lunate, and triquetrum on the palmar side of the wrist.ligamentum carpi radiatum [NA];
reflected inguinal l. a triangular fibrous band extending from the aponeurosis of the external oblique to the pubic tubercle of the opposite side. See also aponeurosis of external abdominal oblique muscle.ligamentum reflexum [NA], Colles' l., fascia triangularis abdominis, reflex l., triangular fascia;
reflex l. reflected inguinal l
Retzius' l. the deep attachment of the inferior extensor retinaculum in the tarsal sinus, it acts as a sling for the extensor tendons of the toes.fundiform l. of foot;
rhomboid l. costoclavicular l
right triangular l. a triangular fold of peritoneum that passes from the right lobe of the liver to the diaphragm; it is a formation of the coronary l., formed as the coronary l. makes an acute angle upon reaching its most lateral point on the right side as it surrounds the bare area of the liver.ligamentum triangulare dextrum [NA];
ring l. zona orbicularis
round l. of elbow joint oblique l. of elbow joint
round l. of femur l. of head of femur
round l. of liver the remains of the umbilical vein running within the free edge of the falciform l. from umbilicus to the liver, where it continues within the fissure for the round l. to the origin of the left portal vein within the porta hepatis.ligamentum teres hepatis [NA];
round l. of uterus a fibromuscular band that is attached to the uterus on either side in front of and below the opening of the uterine tube; it passes through the inguinal canal to the labium majus; corresponds to the spermatic cord of male in that it passes through the inguinal canal and gains similar coverings, but is not homologous.ligamentum teres uteri [NA], Hunter's l;
sacrodural l. a longitudinal bundle of fibrous filaments running from the midline of the inferior part of the dural sac to the posterior longitudinal ligament of the sacrum.ligamentum sacrodurale;
sacrospinous l. the fibrous band that passes from the ischial spine to the sacrum and coccyx.ligamentum sacrospinale [NA], anterior sacrosciatic l., ligamentum sacrospinosum;
sacrotuberous l. the l. that passes from the ischial tuberosity to the ilium, sacrum, and coccyx, transforming the scialic notch to a large scialic foramen, which is then further subdivided by the sacrospinous l.ligamentum sacrotuberale [NA], ligamentum sacrotuberosum, posterior sacrosciatic l;
serous l. one of a number of peritoneal folds attaching certain of the viscera to the abdominal wall or to each other.ligamentum serosum;
sheath l.'s See fibrous digital sheaths of hand, under sheath, fibrous digital sheaths of foot, under sheath, fibrous tendon sheath.
Simonart's l.'s amniotic bands, under band
Soemmerring's l. small fibers attaching the lacrimal gland to the periorbita.
sphenomandibular l. the fibrous band that passes from the spine of the sphenoid bone to the lingula of the mandible; it is a primary passive support of the mandible serving as a "swinging axis", enabling depression and elevation around a transverse axis passing through the two lingulae, while at the same time enabling protraction and retraction.ligamentum sphenomandibulare [NA];
spinoglenoid l. inferior transverse scapular l
spiral l. of cochlea the thickened periosteal lining of the bony cochlea forming the outer wall of the cochlear duct to which the basal lamina attaches.crista spiralis [NA], ligamentum spirale cochleae [NA], spiral crest;
splenorenal l. a peritoneal fold (portion of the greater omentum) which extends from the diaphragm and the anterior aspect of the left kidney to the hilar region of the spleen, conducting the splenic vessels from the posterior body wall to the spleen.ligamentum lienorenale [NA], ligamentum phrenicolienale [NA], ligamentum splenorenale [NA], lienophrenic l., lienorenal l., ligamentum phrenicosplenicum, phrenicolienal l., phrenicosplenic l., phrenosplenic l., sustentaculum lienis;
spring l. plantar calcaneonavicular l
Stanley's cervical l.'s fibers of the capsule of the hip joint reflected onto the neck of the femur.
stellate l. radiate l. of head of rib
sternoclavicular l. l. uniting the clavicle to the manubrium of the sternum. See anterior sternoclavicular l., posterior sternoclavicular l.ligamentum sternoclaviculare [NA];
sternopericardial l. fibrous bands that pass from the pericardium to the sternum.ligamenta sternopericardiaca [NA], Lannelongue's l.'s, Luschka's l.'s;
stylohyoid l. a fibrous cord that passes from the tip of the styloid process to the lesser cornu of the hyoid bone; it is occasionally ossified.ligamentum stylohyoideum [NA], epihyal l;
stylomandibular l. a condensation of the deep cervical fascia extending from the tip of the styloid process of the temporal bone to the posterior border of the angle of the jaw; blends with parotid sheath.ligamentum stylomandibulare [NA], stylomaxillary l;
stylomaxillary l. stylomandibular l
superficial dorsal sacrococcygeal l. the continuation of the supraspinal l. from the sacrum to the coccyx.ligamentum sacrococcygeum posterius superficiale [NA], superficial posterior sacrococcygeal l;
superficial posterior sacrococcygeal l. superficial dorsal sacrococcygeal l
superficial transverse metacarpal l. a thickening of the deep fascia in the most distal part of the (base) of the triangular palmar aponeurosis.ligamentum metacarpale transversum superficiale [NA], Gerdy's fibers, ligamentum natatorium;
superficial transverse metatarsal l. a thickening of the distal part (base) of the plantar aponeurosis, at the level of the heads of the metatarsal bones.ligamentum metatarsale transversum superficiale [NA];
superior costotransverse l. the fibrous band that extends upward from the neck of a rib to the transverse process of the next higher vertebra.ligamentum costotransversarium superius [NA], anterior costotransverse l., ligamentum costotransversarium anterius;
superior l. of epididymis the uppermost of the two folds of the tunica vaginalis between the head of the epididymis and the testis.ligamentum epididymidis superius;
superior l. of incus connects the body of the incus with the roof of the tympanic recess.ligamentum incudis superius;
superior l. of malleus a l. extending from the head of the malleus to the roof of the epitympanic recess.ligamentum mallei superius [NA];
superior pubic l. fibers that pass transversely above the pubic symphysis.ligamentum pubicum superius [NA];
superior transverse scapular l. the strong fibrous band that bridges the scapular notch creating a foramen that gives passage to the suprascapular nerve, while the suprascapular vessels pass over the l. superiorly.ligamentum transversum scapulae superius [NA], suprascapular l;
suprascapular l. superior transverse scapular l
supraspinous l. the longitudinal fibrous band attached to the tips of the spinous processes of the vertebrae; in the cervical region it is altered to form the ligamentum nuchae.ligamentum supraspinale [NA];
suspensory l. of axilla the continuation of the clavipectoral fascia downward to attach to the axillary fascia; it maintains the characteristic hollow of the armpit.Campbell's l., Gerdy's l;
suspensory l.'s of breast well developed retinacula cutis that extend from the fibrous stroma of the mammary gland to the overlying skin.ligamenta suspensoria mammae [NA], Cooper's l.'s (1), suspensory l.'s of Cooper;
suspensory l. of clitoris a fibrous band at the deep fascial level that extends from the pubic symphysis to the deep fascia of the clitoris, anchoring the clitoris to the pubic symphysis.ligamentum suspensorium clitoridis [NA];
suspensory l.'s of Cooper suspensory l.'s of breast
suspensory l. of esophagus cricoesophageal tendon
suspensory l. of eyeball a thickening of the inferior part of the bulbar sheath which supports the eye within the orbit; it extends between the lateral and medial orbital margins and includes the medial and lateral check l.'s.Lockwood's l;
suspensory l. of gonad genital l
suspensory l. of lens ciliary zonule
suspensory l. of ovary a band of peritoneum that extends upward from the upper pole of the ovary; it contains the ovarian vessels and ovarian plexus of nerves.ligamentum suspensorium ovarii [NA], infundibulopelvic l;
suspensory l. of penis a fibrous band at the deep fascial layer that extends from the pubic symphysis to the deep fascia of the penis anchoring the roof of the penis.ligamentum suspensorium penis [NA];
suspensory l. of testis the cranial atrophic portion of the urogenital ridge attached to the cranial pole of the intra-abdominal embryonic testis.
suspensory l. of thyroid gland one of several fibrous bands which pass from the sheath of the thyroid gland to the thyroid and cricoid cartilages.
sutural l. a delicate membrane binding the bones at the cranial sutures.
synovial l. one of the large synovial folds in a joint.
talocalcaneal l. any of three l.'s uniting the talus and calcaneus: interosseous talocalcaneal l., lateral talocalcaneal l., and medial talocalcaneal l.ligamentum talocalcaneare [NA];
talonavicular l. dorsal talonavicular l
tarsal l.'s the l.'s that interconnect the tarsal bones; they are grouped into three sets: dorsal tarsal l.'s, interosseous tarsal l.'s, and plantar tarsal l.'s, and are individually named according to their attachments.ligamenta tarsi [NA];
tarsometatarsal l.'s the ligaments that unite tarsal and metatarsal bones; they are arranged in dorsal, interosseous, and plantar sets.ligamenta tarsometatarsalia [NA];
temporomandibular l. lateral temporomandibular l
Teutleben's l. pulmonary l
Thompson's l. iliopubic tract
thyroepiglottic l. , thyroepiglottidean l. an elastic band that connects the petiole of the epiglottis to the interior of the thyroid cartilage near the superior thyroid notch.ligamentum thyroepiglotticum [NA];
tibial collateral l. the broad fibrous band that passes from the medial epicondyle of the femur to the medial margin and medial surface of the tibia; the medial meniscus is attached to its deep surface; it is continuous with (a thickening of) the fibrous capsule of the knee joint.ligamentum collaterale tibiale [NA], medial l. of knee;
tibiocalcaneal l. the part of the medial or deltoid l. that extends from the medial malleolus to the sustentaculum tali of the calcaneus.pars tibiocalcanea ligamenti medialis [NA], calcaneotibial l., ligamentum calcaneotibiale, tibiocalcaneal part of deltoid ligament;
tibiofibular l. See anterior tibiofibular l., interosseous membrane of leg, posterior tibiofibular l. See also tibiofibular syndesmosis.
tibionavicular l. the part of the medial or deltoid l. that extends from the medial malleolus to the navicular bone. See also deltoid l.pars tibionavicularis ligamenti medialis [NA], ligamentum tibionaviculare, tibionavicular part of deltoid ligament;
transverse l. of acetabulum portion of the acetabular labrum that passes across the acetabular notch.ligamentum transversum acetabuli [NA];
transverse atlantal l. transverse l. of the atlas
transverse l. of the atlas thick, strong, centrally flattened band spanning the vertebral foramen of the atlas as it extends from the medial aspect of one lateral mass to the other, passing dorsal to the dens with which it articulates; it forms the dorsal portion of the opening for the dens, tightly embracing its neck. It forms a part of the "cross-bar" of the cruciform l. of the atlas. See also cruciform l. of atlas.ligamentum transversum atlantis [NA], Lauth's l., transverse atlantal l;
transverse carpal l. a strong fibrous band crossing the front of the carpus and binding down the flexor tendons of the digits and the flexor carpi radialis tendon and the median nerve; in so doing it creates the carpal tunnel.retinaculum flexorum [NA], deep part of flexor retinaculum, flexor retinaculum, ligamentum carpi transversum, ligamentum carpi volare, volar carpal l;
transverse crural l. superior extensor retinaculum
transverse l. of elbow a bundle of fibers running from the olecranon to the coronoid process in association with the ulnar collateral l.Cooper's l.'s (3);
transverse genicular l. transverse l. of knee
transverse humeral l. a fibrous band running more or less obliquely from the greater to the lesser tuberosity of the humerus, bridging over the bicipital groove.Brodie's l;
transverse l. of knee a transverse band that passes between the lateral and medial menisci in the anterior part of the knee joint.ligamentum transversum genus [NA], transverse genicular l;
transverse l. of leg superior extensor retinaculum
transverse metacarpal l. deep transverse metacarpal l
transverse metatarsal l. deep transverse metatarsal l
transverse l. of pelvis transverse perineal l
transverse perineal l. the thickened anterior border of the urogenital diaphragm, formed by the fusion of its two fascial layers.ligamentum transversum perinei [NA], Krause's l., ligamentum transversum pelvis, transverse l. of pelvis, transverse l. of perineum;
transverse l. of perineum transverse perineal l
transverse tibiofibular l. the distal continuation of the interosseous membrane forming a strong l. that unites the distal end of the tibia and fibula; it lies deep to the posterior tibiofibular l.interosseous tibiofibular l;
trapezoid l. the lateral part of the coracoclavicular l. that attaches to the trapezoid line of the clavicle.ligamentum trapezoideum [NA];
Treitz's l. suspensory muscle of duodenum
triangular l. inferior fascia of urogenital diaphragm
triangular l.'s of liver See right triangular l., left triangular l.
ulnar collateral l. ulnar collateral l. of elbow
ulnar collateral l. of elbow the triangular l. extending from the medial epicondyle of the humerus to the medial side of the coronoid process and olecranon of the ulna.ligamentum collaterale ulnare [NA], medial collateral l. of elbow, ulnar collateral l;
ulnar collateral l. of wrist a l. that passes from the styloid process of the ulna to the pisiform and triquetrum.ligamentum collaterale carpi ulnare [NA], internal collateral l. of the wrist, medial l. of wrist;
urachal l. median umbilical l
uterosacral l. sacrouterine fold
uterovesical l. a peritoneal fold extending from the uterus to the posterior portion of the bladder.plica uterovesicalis, plica vesicouterina, uterovesical fold, vesicouterine l;
Valsalva's l.'s auricular l.'s
venous l. ligamentum venosum
ventral sacrococcygeal l. the continuation of the anterior longitudinal l. uniting the sacrum and coccyx.ligamentum sacrococcygeum anterius [NA], anterior sacrococcygeal l;
ventral sacroiliac l.'s anterior sacroiliac l.'s
ventricular l. vestibular l
vertebropelvic l.'s See iliolumbar l., sacrospinous l., sacrotuberous l.
vesicoumbilical l. one of the l.'s between the urinary bladder and the umbilicus. See median umbilical l., medial umbilical l.
vesicouterine l. uterovesical l
vestibular l. the thin fibrous layer that lies in the ventricular fold of the larynx.ligamentum vestibulare [NA], ligamentum ventriculare, ventricular l;
vocal l. the band that extends on either side from the thyroid cartilage to the vocal process of the arytenoid cartilage; it is the thickened, free upper border of the conus elasticus of the larynx.ligamentum vocale [NA];
volar carpal l. transverse carpal l
Weitbrecht's l. oblique l. of elbow joint
Winslow's l. fibular collateral l
Wrisberg's l. posterior meniscofemoral l
yellow l. ligamentum flavum
Y-shaped l. iliofemoral l
Zaglas' l. a short thick fibrous band extending from the posterior superior spine of the ilium to the second transverse tubercle of the sacrum.
Zinn's l. common tendinous ring

 

Browse Medical References:

[A] [B] [C] [D] [E] [F] [G] [H] [I] [J] [K] [L] [M]
[N] [O] [P] [Q] [R] [S] [T] [U] [V] [W] [X] [Y] [Z]