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medicine

medicine (med´i-sin)

1. A drug. 2. The art of preventing or curing disease; the science concerned with disease in all its relations. 3. The study and treatment of general diseases or those affecting the internal parts of the body, especially those not usually requiring surgical intervention. [L. medicina, fr. medicus, physician (see medicus)]
adolescent m. the branch of medicine concerned with the treatment of youth in the approximate age range of 13 to 21 years.hebiatrics;
aerospace m. a branch of m. combining the areas of concern of both aviation and space m.
alternative m. a term used by practitioners of Western, clinical m. to refer to a range of approaches to health and disease, some quite ancient and widely practiced. The category is broad, and encompasses bodies of knowledge that may be founded upon anatomical observation, possession of an effective pharmacopeia, and some form of clinical practice; and which may advance self-consistent explanations for the causation and cure of disease, whether physically or supernaturally based. Alternative m. also comprises approaches with limited known effectiveness. Examples of alternative practices include acupuncture and acupressure, homeopathy, osteopathy, chiropractic, massage, meditation, imaging, relaxation techniques, biofeedback, hypnosis, exercise, life style diets, megavitamin therapy, pulse diagnosis, tongue diagnosis, iridology, rolfing, faith healing, and prayer.
aviation m. the study and practice of m. as it applies to physiologic problems peculiar to aviation.aeromedicine;
behavioral m. an interdisciplinary field concerned with the development and integration of behavioral and biomedical science knowledge and techniques relevant to health and illness, and to its application to prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation.
clinical m. the study and practice of m. in relation to the care of patients; the art of m. as distinguished from laboratory science.
community m. the study of health and disease in a defined community; the practice of m. in such a setting.
comparative m. a field of study concentrating on similarities and differences between veterinary m. and human m.
defensive m. diagnostic or therapeutic measures conducted primarily as a safeguard against possible subsequent malpractice liability.
desmoteric m. the branch of medical practice that deals with health problems occurring among prison inmates. [G. desmoterion, prison, fr. deo, to bind, + -ic]
experimental m. the scientific investigation of medical problems by experimentation upon animals or by clinical research.
family m. the medical specialty concerned with providing continuous, comprehensive care to all age groups, from first patient contact to terminal care, with special emphasis on care of the family as a unit.
fetal m. study of the growth, development, care, and treatment of the fetus, and of environmental factors harmful to the fetus.fetology;
folk m. treatment of ailments outside of organized medicine by remedies and simple measures based upon experience and knowledge handed on from generation to generation.
forensic m. 1. the relation and application of medical facts to legal matters; 2. the law in its bearing on the practice of medicine.legal m., medical jurisprudence;
geriatric m. a specialty of m. that is concerned with the disease and health problems of older people, usually those over 65 years of age. Considered a subspecialty of internal medicine.
holistic m. an approach to medical care that emphasizes the study of all aspects of a person's health, especially that a person should be considered as a unit, including psychological as well as social and economic influences on health status.
hyperbaric m. the medicinal use of high barometric pressure, usually in specially constructed chambers, to increase oxygen content of blood and tissues.
internal m. (IM) the branch of m. concerned with nonsurgical diseases in adults, but not including diseases limited to the skin or to the nervous system.
legal m. forensic m
military m. the practice of m. as applied to the special circumstances associated with military life.
neonatal m. neonatology
nuclear m. the clinical discipline concerned with the diagnostic and therapeutic uses of radionuclides, excluding the therapeutic use of sealed radiation sources.Nuclear medicine in the 1980s pioneered treatment of cancers with radioactively conjugated monoclonal antibodies, which carry cytotoxic doses of radiation directly to target cells, which the antibodies are designed to bind to. Yoked to MoAbs or to DNA probes, radionuclides also serve as assays, to identify gene sequences or signal the presence of given types of cells. Certain imaging procedures, including PET scanning, employ radionuclides to provide real-time visuals of biochemical processes. One device, a nuclear imaging machine, employs a scintillation camera, which can rotate around the body to pick up radiation emitted by an injected substance (e.g., radioactive iodine, which localizes in the thyroid, or radioactive thallium, which localizes in the heart). Through computerization, a digitized image of a particular organ is produced.
osteopathic m. osteopathy (2)
patent m. a m., usually originally patented, advertised to the public.
perinatal m. perinatology
physical m. the study and treatment of disease mainly by mechanical and other physical methods.physiatry;
podiatric m. podiatry
preventive m. the branch of medical science concerned with the prevention of disease and with promotion of physical and mental health, through study of the etiology and epidemiology of disease processes.
proprietary m. a medicinal compound the formula and mode of manufacture of which are the property of the maker.
psychosomatic m. the study and treatment of diseases, disorders, or abnormal states in which psychological processes resulting in physiological reactions are believed to play a prominent role.
quack m. a compound advertised falsely as curative of a certain disease or diseases.
social m. a specialized field of medical knowledge concentrating on the social, cultural and economic impact of medical phenomena.
socialized m. the organization and control of medical practice by a government agency, the practitioners being employed by the organization from which they receive standardized compensation for their services, and to which the public contributes usually in the form of taxation rather than fee-for-service.
space m. the field of m. concerned with physiologic diseases or disturbances resulting from the unique conditions of space travel.
sports m. a field of m. that uses a holistic, comprehensive, and multidisciplinary approach to health care for those engaged in a sporting or recreational activity.The American College of Sports Medicine identifies ancient roots for the approach. The Indian Ayur-Veda, dating to 800 bc, prescribes exercise and massage for rheumatism, and the Greek historian Herodotus (ca. 480 bc) commented on the therapeutic benefits of physical exertion. Galen (ca. 130-201 ad) thought exercise in moderation guarded against disease. The field has burgeoned with the worldwide rise in organized sports and individual exercise, which began in the 1950s. It now embraces attempts to refine understanding of human kinesiology, to detail the physiology of exercise, and to determine the powers of exercise in preventing or reversing disease.
tropical m. the branch of m. concerned with diseases, mainly of parasitic origin, in areas having a tropical climate.
veterinary m. the field concerned with the diseases and health of all animal species other than humans.

 

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