anthrax

anthrax (an´thraks)

1. A disease in humans caused by infection by cutaneous anthrax (q.v.) followed by septicemia with Bacillus anthracis from infected animals through traumatized skin; marked by hemorrhage and serous effusions in various organs and body cavities and by symptoms of extreme prostration. Rarely, infection is airborne, with no cutaneous lesion.carbuncle (2); 2. An infectious disease of animals, especially herbivores, due to presence in the blood of Bacillus anthracis.charbon; [G. anthrax (anthrak-), charcoal, coal, a carbuncle]
cerebral a. a form of a., associated with pulmonary or intestinal a., in which the specific bacilli invade the capillaries of the brain causing violent delirium; frequently associated with hemorrhagic meningitis.
cutaneous a. the skin of B. anthracis infection characteristic lesion that begins as a papule and soon becomes a vesicle and breaks, discharging a bloody serum; the seat of this vesicle, in about 36 hours, becomes a bluish black necrotic mass; constitutional symptoms of septicemia are severe: high fever, vomiting, profuse sweating, and extreme prostration; the infection is often fatal.malignant pustule;
intestinal a. a usually fatal form of a. marked by chill, high fever, pain in the head, back, and extremities, vomiting, bloody diarrhea, cardiovascular collapse, and frequently hemorrhages from the mucous membranes and in the skin (petechiae). See also mycosis intestinalis.
pulmonary a. a form of a. acquired by inhalation of dust containing Bacillus anthracis; there is an initial chill followed by pain in the back and legs, rapid respiration, dyspnea, cough, fever, rapid pulse, and extreme cardiovascular collapse.anthrax pneumonia, ragpicker's disease, ragsorter's disease, rag-sorter's disease, wool-sorter's pneumonia, woolsorter's disease, wool-sorter's disease;

 

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