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myxedema

myxedema (mik-se-de´ma)

Hypothyroidism characterized by a relatively hard edema of subcutaneous tissue, with increased content of proteoglycans in the fluid; characterized by somnolence, slow mentation, dryness and loss of hair, increased fluid in body cavities such as the pericardial sac, subnormal temperature, hoarseness, muscle weakness, and slow return of a muscle to the neutral position after a tendon jerk; usually caused by removal or loss of functioning thyroid tissue. [myx- + G. oidema, swelling]
circumscribed m. nodules and plaques of mucoid edema of the skin, usually in the pretibial region, occurring in some patients with hyperthyroidism.pretibial m;
congenital m. infantile hypothyroidism
infantile m. infantile hypothyroidism
operative m. m. developing after thyroidectomy.
pituitary m. m. resulting from inadequate secretion of the thyrotropic hormone; commonly occurs in association with inadequate secretion of other anterior pituitary hormones.
pretibial m. circumscribed m

 

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