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neurosis, pl. neuroses (nu-ro´sis, -sez)

1. A psychological or behavioral disorder in which anxiety is the primary characteristic; defense mechanisms or any of the phobias are the adjustive techniques which an individual learns in order to cope with this underlying anxiety. In contrast to the psychoses, persons with a n. do not exhibit gross distortion of reality or disorganization of personality. 2. A functional nervous disease, or one for which there is no evident lesion. 3. A peculiar state of tension or irritability of the nervous system; any form of nervousness. [neuro- + G. -osis, condition]
accident n. traumatic n
anxiety n. chronic abnormal distress and worry to the point of panic followed by a tendency to avoid or run from the feared situation, associated with overaction of the sympathetic nervous system.
association n. a n. in which association of ideas causes mental repetition of an experience.
battle n. war n
cardiac n. anxiety concerning the state of the heart, as a result of palpitation, chest pain, or other symptoms not due to heart disease; a form of hypochondriasis. See also neurocirculatory asthenia.cardioneurosis;
character n. a subclass of personality disorders.
combat n. See war n., battle fatigue, posttraumatic stress disorder.
compensation n. the development of symptoms of n. believed to be motivated by the desire for, and hope of, monetary or interpersonal gain.
compulsive n. obsessive-compulsive n
conversion n. conversion hysteria
conversion hysteria n. conversion hysteria
depressive n. See depression, dysthymia.
expectation n. a condition in which anticipation of an event produces neurotic symptoms.
experimental n. a behavior disorder produced experimentally, as when an organism is required to make a discrimination of extreme difficulty and "breaks down" in the process.
hypochondriacal n. hypochondriasis
hysterical n. a bona fide disorder characterized by an alteration or loss of physical functioning, such as blurred vision, numbness or paralysis of limbs, coordination difficulties, etc., that suggests a physical disorder, but that instead is apparently an expression of a psychological conflict or need. Also called conversion disorder. See also hysteria.
military n. war n
noogenic n. in existential psychiatry, the neurotic symptomatology resulting from existential frustration.
obsessional n. obsessive-compulsive personality disorder
obsessive-compulsive n. a disorder characterized by the persistent and repetitive intrusion of unwanted thoughts, urges, or actions that the individual is unable to prevent; the compulsive thoughts may consist of single words, ideas, or ruminations often perceived by the sufferer as nonsensical; the repetitive urges or actions vary from simple movements to complex rituals; anxiety or distress is the underlying emotion or drive state, and the ritualistic behavior is a learned method of reducing the anxiety.compulsive n;
obsessive-compulsive n. obsessive-compulsive disorder
occupational n. , professional n. a disorder of a group of muscles used chiefly in one's occupation, marked by the occurrence of spasm, paresis, or incoordination on attempt to repeat the habitual movements; e.g., writer's cramp; probably a focal dystonia.craft palsy, functional spasm;
oedipal n. continuation of the Oedipus complex into adulthood.
pension n. a type of compensation n., motivated by the desire for premature retirement on pension.
postconcussion n. a type of traumatic n. following a cerebral concussion.
posttraumatic n. traumatic n
n. tar´da neurotic patterns developing in older people, related to organic cerebral lesions.
torsion n. dysbasia lordotica progressiva
transference n. in psychoanalysis, the phenomenon of the patient's developing a strong emotional relationship with the analyst, symbolizing an emotional relationship with a family figure; analysis of this n. comprises an important part of psychoanalytic treatment.
traumatic n. any functional nervous disorder following an accident or injury. See posttraumatic stress disorder.accident n., posttraumatic n;
vasomotor n. a group of trophic disorders in which pathological changes occur in blood vessels, often due to autonomic nervous system dysfunction; includes Raynaud's disease, acrocyanosis, erythromelalgia, Buerger's disease, causalgia, and trench foot; archaic concept.angioneurosis, vasoneurosis;
war n. a stress condition or mental disorder induced by conditions existing in warfare. See also battle fatigue.battle n., military n;


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