nursing (ner´sing)

1. Feeding an infant at the breast; tending and caring for a child. 2. The scientific application of principles of care related to prevention of illness and care during illness.
n. assignment the method(s) by which the patient care load is distributed among the n. personnel available to provide care.
n. audit a defined procedure used to evaluate the quality of n. care provided within an agency to its clients.
n. model a set of abstract and general statements about the concepts that serve to provide a framework for organizing ideas about clients, their environment, health and nursing.
n. plan of care the written framework that provides direction for the delivery of n. care.
n. process a five-part systematic decision-making method focusing on identifying and treating responses of individuals or groups to actual or potential alterations in health. Includes assessment, n. diagnosis, planning, implementation, and evaluation. The first phase of the n. process is assessment, which consists of data collection by such means as interviewing, physical examination, and observation. It requires collection of both objective and subjective data. The second phase is n. diagnosis, a clinical judgment about individual, family or community n. responses to actual or potential health problems/life processes. Provides the basis for selection of n. intervention to achieve outcomes for which the nurse is accountable (NANDA, 1990). The third phase is planning, which requires establishment of outcome criteria for the client's care. The fourth phase is implementation (intervention). This phase involves demonstrating those activities that will be provided to and with the client to allow achievement of the expected outcomes of care. Evaluation is the fifth and final phase of the n. process. It requires comparison of client's current state to the stated expected outcomes and results in revision of the plan of care to enhance progress toward the stated outcomes.


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