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The bony and muscular partition between the oral and nasal cavities.palatum [NA], roof of mouth, uraniscus; [L. palatum, palate]
bony p. a concave elliptical bony plate, constituting the roof of the oral cavity, formed of the palatine process of the maxilla and the horizontal plate of the palatine bone on either side.palatum osseum [NA];
Byzantine arch p. incomplete fusion of the palatal process with the nasal spine.
cleft p. a congenital fissure in the median line of the p., often associated with cleft lip. Often occurs as a feature of a syndrome or generalized condition, e.g., diastrophic dwarfism or spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia congenita; its general genetic behavior resembles that of cleft lip.palatoschisis, palatum fissum;
falling p. uvuloptosis
Gothic p. an abnormally highly arched p.
hard p. 1. the anterior part of the palate, consisting of the bony p. covered above by the mucous membrane of the floor of the nasal cavity and below by the mucoperiosteum of the roof of the mouth which contains the palatine vessels, nerves, and mucous glands; 2. in cephalometrics, a line connecting the anterior and posterior nasal spines to represent the position of the bony p.palatum durum [NA];
pendulous p. palatine uvula
primary p. in the early embryo, the mesoderm-filled shelf, formed from the medial nasal process, that anteriorly separates the oral cavity below from the primitive nasal cavities above.primitive p;
primitive p. primary p
secondary p. the posterior portion of the embryonic p., which forms from the palatal processes of the embryonic maxilla and develops into the hard p.
soft p. the posterior muscular portion of the palate, forming an incomplete septum between the mouth and the oropharynx, and between the oropharynx and the nasopharynx.palatum molle [NA], velum palatinum [NA], velum pendulum palati;
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