paralysis

paralysis, pl. paralyses (pa-ral´i-sis, -sez)

1. Loss of power of voluntary movement in a muscle through injury to or disease of its nerve supply. 2. Loss of any function, as sensation, secretion, or mental ability. [G. fr. para- + lysis, a loosening]
acute ascending p. a p. of rapid course beginning in the legs and involving progressively the trunk, arms, and neck, ending sometimes in death in from one to three weeks.ascending p;
acute atrophic p. acute anterior poliomyelitis
p. ag´itans obsolete term for parkinsonism (1) .
ascending p. acute ascending p
Brown-Séquard's p. Brown-Séquard's syndrome
bulbar p. progressive bulbar p
central p. p. due to a lesion in the brain or spinal cord.
Chastek p. a disease of foxes and mink caused by feeding on raw fish of certain types which contain an enzyme destructive of thiamin; the thiamin deficiency causes loss of appetite, emaciation, and finally paralysis and death.
compression p. p. due to external presure on a nerve.
coonhound p. a polyradiculoneuritis of dogs (especially raccoon-hunting breeds) following a raccoon bite and characterized by weakness, hindlimb hyporeflexia, and a flaccid symmetrical tetraplegia.
crossed p. alternating hemiplegia
crutch p. a form of pressure p. affecting the arm, and caused by compression of the brachial plexus or radial nerve by the crosspiece of a crutch.crutch palsy;
diphtheritic p. postdiphtheritic p
diver's p. lay term for decompression sickness.
Duchenne-Erb p. Erb palsy
Erb p. Erb palsy
Erb spinal p. chronic myelitis of syphilitic origin.
facial p. paresis or p. of the facial muscles, usually unilateral, due to either 1) a lesion involving either the nucleus or the facial nerve peripheral to the nucleus (peripheral facial paralysis), or 2) a supranuclear lesion in the cerebrum or upper brainstem (central facial paralysis); with the latter, facial weakness is usually partial and the upper portion of the face is relatively spared, due to bilateral cortical connections.facial palsy, facioplegia, fallopian neuritis, prosopoplegia;
familial periodic p. one of the inherited muscle disorders manifested as recurrent episodes of marked generalized weakness. See hyperkalemic periodic p., hypokalemic periodic p., normokalemic periodic p.
faucial p. isthmoparalysis
flaccid p. p. with a loss of muscle tone. Cf. spastic diplegia.
fowl p. See avian lymphomatosis.
generalized p. global p
ginger p. jake p
global p. p. of both whole sides of the body; survival is usually of short duration.generalized p;
glossolabiolaryngeal p. , glossolabiopharyngeal p. progressive bulbar p
glossopalatolabial p. progressive bulbar palsy
glossopharyngeolabial p. progressive bulbar palsy
Gubler's p. Gubler's syndrome
hyperkalemic periodic p. a form of periodic p. in which the serum potassium level is elevated during attacks; onset occurs in infancy, attacks are frequent but relatively mild, and myotonia is often present; autosomal dominant inheritance.
hypokalemic periodic p. [type I MIM 17066, *170600, *311700] a form of periodic p. in which the serum potassium level is low during attacks; onset usually occurs between the ages of 7 and 21 years; attacks may be precipitated by exposure to cold, high carbohydrate meal, or alcohol, may last hours to days, and may cause respiratory p.; autosomal dominant or X-linked inheritance.
hysterical p. a psychosomatic numbness of a limb sometimes to the point of p. See hysteria.
immune p. the induction of tolerance in mice due to injection of large amounts of polysaccharide. The polysaccharide is poorly metabolized and the p. remains only during the persistence of the above.
immunological p. lack of specific antibody production after exposure to large doses of the antigen; immunological p. disappears when the antigen is eliminated. See also immunologic tolerance.
infectious bulbar p. pseudorabies
jake p. neuropathy produced by drinking synthetic Jamaican ginger (or "jake" in the vernacular) containing triorthocresylphosphate.ginger p;
Klumpke's p. Klumpke palsy
lambing p. pregnancy disease of sheep
Landry's p. acute idiopathic polyneuritis
lead p. lead palsy
mimetic p. p. of the facial muscles.
mixed p. combined motor and sensory p.
motor p. loss of the power of muscular contraction.
musculospiral p. p. of the muscles of the forearm due to injury of the radial (musculospiral) nerve.
myogenic p. acute anterior poliomyelitis
normokalemic periodic p. [type III MIM 170600] a form of periodic p. in which the serum potassium level is within normal limits during attacks; onset usually occurs between the ages of 2 and 5 years; there is often severe quadriplegia, usually improved by the administration of sodium salts; autosomal dominant inheritance.sodium-responsive periodic p;
obstetrical p. obstetrical palsy
ocular p. p. of extraocular and intraocular muscles.
parturient p. milk fever (2)
periodic p. term for a group of diseases characterized by recurring episodes of muscular weakness or flaccid p. without loss of consciousness, speech, or sensation; attacks begin when the patient is at rest, and there is apparent good health between attacks. See hyperkalemic periodic p., hypokalemic periodic p., normokalemic periodic p.
peripheral facial p. Bell's palsy
postdiphtheritic p. p. affecting the uvula most frequently, but also any other muscle, due to toxic neuritis; usually appears in the second or third week following the beginning of the attack of diphtheria.diphtheritic p;
posti´cus p. p. of the posterior cricothyroid muscles.
Pott's p. Pott's paraplegia
pressure p. p. due to compression of a nerve, nerve trunk, or spinal cord.pressure palsy;
progressive bulbar p. progressive weakness and atrophy of the muscles of the tongue, lips, palate, pharynx, and larynx, usually occurring in later life; most often caused by motor neuron disease.bulbar palsy, bulbar p., Duchenne's disease (2), Erb disease, glossolabiolaryngeal p., glossolabiopharyngeal p;
pseudobulbar p. p. of the lips and tongue, simulating progressive bulbar p., but due to supranuclear lesions with bilateral involvement of the upper motor neurons; characterized by speech and swallowing difficulties, emotional instability, and spasmodic, mirthless laughter.
sensory p. loss of sensation; anesthesia.
sleep p. brief episodic loss of voluntary movement that occurs when falling asleep (hypnagogic sleep p.) or when awakening (hypnopompic sleep p.). One of the narcoleptic tetrad.sleep dissociation;
sodium-responsive periodic p. normokalemic periodic p
spastic spinal p. spastic diplegia
spinal p. loss of motor power due to a lesion of the spinal cord.myeloparalysis, myeloplegia, rachioplegia;
supranuclear p. p. due to lesions above the primary motor neurons.
tick p. an ascending p. caused by the continuing presence of Dermacentor and Ixodes ticks attached in the occipital region or on the upper neck of humans, often hidden under long hair; reported from the western U.S., British Columbia, and other regions; occurs mainly in children, but also in animals.
Todd's p. p. of temporary duration (normally not more than a few days) that occurs in the limb or limbs involved in jacksonian epilepsy after the seizure.Todd's postepileptic p;
Todd's postepileptic p. Todd's p
vasomotor p. vasoparesis
wasting p. amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
Zenker's p. paresthesia and p. in the area of the external popliteal nerve.

 

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