pericarditis (per´i-kar-dI´tis)

Inflammation of the pericardium.Dressler's syndrome, postmyocardial infarction p;
acute fibrinous p. the usual lesion of acute p. in which inflammation produces large quantities of fibrin.
adhesive p. p. with adhesions between the two pericardial layers, between the pericardium and heart, or between the pericardium and neighboring structures.adherent pericardium;
bacterial p. p. produced by bacterial infection.
p. calculosa pericardial calcification owing to antecedent p.
carcinomatous p. p. due to infiltration of carcinomatous cells, usually from surrounding structures.
chronic constrictive p. tuberculous or other infection of the pericardium, with thickening of the membrane and constriction of the cardiac chambers.
constrictive p. postinflammatory thickening and scarring of the membrane producing constriction of the cardiac chambers; may be acute, subacute, or chronic. Formerly called chronic constrictive p.
dry p. pericardial inflammation in the absence of demonstrable pericardial effusion.
p. with effusion pericardial inflammation producing excess pericardial fluid.
p. epistenocardica p. accompanying transmural myocardial infarction and limited to the area over the infarct.
fibrinous p. acute p. with fibrinous exudate. See also bread-and-butter pericardium.hairy heart, p. villosa, shaggy pericardium;
fibrous p. scarring, usually with adhesions, of all or most of the pericardium.
hemorrhagic p. p. with bloodstained effusion.
internal adhesive p. concretio cordis
p. oblit´erans inflammation of the pericardium leading to adhesion of the two layers, obliterating the sac. See also adhesive p.
obliterating p. complete obliteration by postinflammatory adhesions of the pericardial cavity.
postmyocardial infarction p. pericarditis
postpericardiotomy p. a syndrome characterized by fever, substernal chest pain, and pericardial rub following cardiac surgery.
posttraumatic p. pericardial inflammation developing following injury to the chest.
purulent p. p., usually bacterial, with pus in the sac.
rheumatic p. fibrinous p. occurring in acute rheumatic fever.
p. sic´ca fibrinous p. without significant pericardial effusion.
tuberculous p. p. caused by tuberculosis infection.
uremic p. fibrinous p. seen in chronic renal failure.
p. villo´sa fibrinous p
viral p. p. due to a viral infection.


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