plasma

plasma (plaz´ma)

1. The fluid (noncellular) portion of the circulating blood, as distinguished from the serum obtained after coagulation.blood p; 2. The fluid portion of the lymph. 3. A "fourth state of matter" in which, owing to elevated temperature (ca. 106 degrees), atoms have broken down to form free electrons and more or less stripped nuclei; produced in the laboratory in connection with hydrogen fusion (thermonuclear) research.plasm; [G. something formed]
antihemophilic p. human p. in which the labile antihemophilic globulin component, present in fresh p., has been preserved; it is used to temporarily relieve dysfunction of the hemostatic mechanism in hemophilia.
blood p. plasma (1)
fresh frozen p. (FFP) separated p., frozen within 6 hours of collection, used in hypovolemia and coagulation factor deficiency.
p. hydrolysate an artificial digest of protein derived from bovine blood p. prepared by a method of hydrolysis sufficient to provide more than half of the total nitrogen present in the form of a-amino nitrogen; used when high protein intake is indicated and cannot be accomplished through ordinary foods. See also protein hydrolysate.
p. mari´num sea water diluted to make it isotonic with p.
muscle p. an alkaline fluid in muscle that is spontaneously coagulable, separating into myosin and muscle serum.
normal human p. sterile p. obtained by pooling approximately equal amounts of the liquid portion of citrated whole blood from eight or more adult humans who have been certified as free from any disease which is tranmissible by transfusion, and treating it with ultraviolet irradiation to destroy possible bacterial and viral contaminants.
salted p. the fluid portion of blood drawn from the vessels, which is prevented from coagulating by being drawn into a solution of sodium or magnesium sulfate.salted serum;

 

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