saliva (sa-lI´va)

A clear, tasteless, odorless, slightly acid (pH 6.8) viscid fluid, consisting of the secretion from the parotid, sublingual, and submandibular salivary glands and the mucous glands of the oral cavity; its function is to keep the mucous membrane of the mouth moist, to lubricate the food during mastication, and, in a measure, to convert starch into maltose, the latter action being effected by a diastatic enzyme, ptyalin.spittle; [L. akin to G. sialon]
chorda s.the secretion of the submaxillary gland obtained by stimulation of the chorda tympani nerve.
ganglionic s.submaxillary s. obtained by direct irritation of the gland.
resting s.the s. found in the mouth in the intervals of food taking and mastication.
sympathetic s.submaxillary s. obtained by stimulation of the sympathetic fibers innervating the gland.


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