series

series, pl. series (ser´ez)

1. A succession of similar objects following one another in space or time. 2. In chemistry, a group of substances, either elements or compounds, having similar properties or differing from each other in composition by a constant ratio. [L. fr. sero, to join together]
aromatic s.all the compounds derived from benzene, or similar cyclic compounds that obey Hückel's rule, distinguished from those compounds that are acyclic or that contain rings that lack the conjugated double bond structure characteristic of benzene.
erythrocytic s.the cells in the various stages of development in the red bone marrow leading to the formation of the erythrocyte, e.g., erythroblasts, normoblasts, erythrocytes.
fatty s.the alkanes; all the acyclic compounds in the methane, ethane, propane, etc., group, distinguished from the aromatic s.
granulocytic s.the cells in the several stages of development in the bone marrow leading to the mature granulocyte of the circulation, e.g., myeloblasts, different stages of the myelocyte, granulocytes.
Hofmeister s.the series of cations Mg2+, Ca2+, Sr2+, Ba2+, Li+, Na+, K+, Rb+, Cs+, and of anions citrate3-, tartrate2-, SO42-, acetate-, NO3-, CIO3-, I-, CNS- (among others), each series arranged in order of decreasing ability to: 1) precipitate the dispersed substance of lyophilic sols; 2) "salt out" organic substances (e.g., aniline, ethyl acetate) from aqueous solutions; or 3) inhibit the swelling of gels. These effects, among other related ones, are ascribable to the abstraction and binding of water by these ions (i.e., hydration), which also decreases in the orders given, so that (in the monovalent cation series) Li+, with the smallest crystal radius, has the largest hydrated radius, and vice versa for Cs+.lyotropic s;
homologous s.a s. of organic compounds, the succeeding members of which differ from each other by the radical CH2 (as in the fatty series).
lymphocytic s., lymphoid s.the cells at various states in the development in lymphoid tissue of the mature lymphocytes, e.g., lymphoblasts, young lymphocytes, mature lymphocytes.
lyotropic s.Hofmeister s
myeloid s.the granulocytic and the erythrocytic s.
small bowel s.radiographic examination of the small intestine following the oral administration of contrast medium, usually barium sulfate. Cf. small bowel enema.
thrombocytic s.the cells of successive stages in thrombocytic (platelet) development in the bone marrow, e.g., thromboblasts, thrombocytes.
upper GI s.a radiographic contrast study of the esophagus, stomach, and duodenum.

 

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