splint

splint

1. An appliance for preventing movement of a joint or for the fixation of displaced or movable parts. 2. The s. bone, or fibula. [Middle Dutch splinte]
acid etch cemented s.a s. of heavy wire which is cemented to the labial surfaces of teeth with any of the acid etch cement techniques; used to stabilize traumatically displaced or periodontally diseased teeth.
active s.dynamic s
air s.a plastic s. inflated by air used to immobilize part or all of an extremity.inflatable s;
airplane s.a complicated s. that holds the arm in abduction at about shoulder level with the forearm midway in flexion, generally with an axillary strut for support.
anchor s.a s. used for fracture of the jaw, with wires around teeth and a rod to hold it in place.
Anderson s.a skeletal traction s. with pins inserted into proximal and distal ends of a fracture; reduction is obtained by an external plate attached to the pins.
backboard s.a board s. with slots for fixation by straps; shorter ones are used for neck injuries, longer ones for back injuries.
Balkan s.Balkan frame
cap s.a plastic or metallic fracture appliance designed to cover the crowns of the teeth and usually cemented to them.
coaptation s.a short s. designed to prevent overriding of the ends of a fractured bone, usually supplemented by a longer s. to fix the entire limb.
contact s.a slotted plate, held by screws, used in the treatment of fracture of long bones.
Cramer wire s.ladder s
Denis Browne s.a light aluminum s. applied to the lateral aspect of the leg and foot; used for clubfoot.
dynamic s.a s. utilizing springs or elastic bands that aids in movements initiated by the patient by controlling the plane and range of motion.active s., functional s. (1) ;
Essig s.a stainless steel wire passed labially and lingually around a segment of the dental arch and held in position by individual ligature wires around the contact areas of the teeth; used to stabilize fractured or repositioned teeth and the involved alveolar bone.
Frejka pillow s.a pillow s. used for abduction and flexion of the femurs in treatment of congenital hip dysplasia or dislocation in infants.
functional s. 1. dynamic s 2. the joining of two or more teeth into a rigid unit by means of fixed restorations that cover all or part of the abutment teeth.
Gunning s.a prosthesis fabricated from models of endentulous maxillary and mandibular arches in order to aid in reduction and fixation of a fracture.
Hodgen s.a suspension leg s. for fractures of the middle or lower end of the femur; it provides support for traction.
inflatable s.air s
interdental s.a s. for a fractured jaw, consisting of two metal or acrylic resin bands wired to the teeth of the upper and lower jaws, respectively, and then fastened together to keep the jaws immovable.
Kingsley s.a winged maxillary s. used to apply traction to reduce maxillary fractures as well as immobilize them by having the wings attached to a head appliance by elastics.reverse Kingsley s;
labial s.an appliance of plastic, metal, or in combination, made to conform to the outer aspect of the dental arch and used in the management of jaw and facial injuries.
ladder s.a flexible s. consisting of two stout parallel wires with finer cross wires.Cramer wire s;
lingual s.one similar to the labial s., but conforming to the inner aspect of the dental arch.
Liston's s.a long s. extending from the axilla to the sole of the foot.
plaster s.a s. constructed of bandages impregnated with plaster of Paris.
reverse Kingsley s.Kingsley s
Stader s.a s. used primarily in veterinary medicine; with metal pins through the proximal and distal segments of a long bone fracture, the fixation of the pins is maintained by the apparatus which is external to the limb.
surgical s.general term for a device used to maintain tissues in a new position following surgery.
Taylor's s.Taylor's back brace
Thomas s.a long leg s. extending from a ring at the hip to beyond the foot, allowing traction to a fractured leg, for emergencies and transportation.
Tobruk s.a Thomas s., applied and held in plaster with plaster of Paris dressings; a s. first used during World War II to immobolize the limb during hazardous conditions such as transport from small to large boats. [port of Tobruk, Libya]
wire s.a device to stabilize teeth loosened by accident or by a periodontal condition in the maxilla or mandible; a device to reduce and stabilize maxillary or mandibular fractures by applying it to both jaws and connecting it by intermaxillary wires or rubber bands.

 

Browse Medical References:

[A] [B] [C] [D] [E] [F] [G] [H] [I] [J] [K] [L] [M]
[N] [O] [P] [Q] [R] [S] [T] [U] [V] [W] [X] [Y] [Z]