surface

surface (ser´fas)

The outer part of any solid.face (2) , facies (2) ; [F. fr. L. superficius, see superficial]
acromial articular s. of claviclea small oval facet on the lateral end of the clavicle for articulation with the acromion.facies articularis acromialis claviculae [NA] , acromial articular facies of clavicle;
anterior s.the surface of a structure or part of the body that faces forward. The NA recognizes an anterior surface (facies anterior ...) without qualification on the following structures: pancreas (... pancreatis [NA]); patella (... patellae [NA]); prostate (... prostatae [NA]); radius (... radii [NA]); suprarenal gland (... glandulae suprarenalis [NA]); ulna (... ulnae [NA]).facies anterior [NA] ;
anterior s. of armanterior region of arm
anterior articular s. of densthe curved articular facet on the anterior aspect of the dens of the axis that articulates with the facet for the dens of the axis anterior arch of the atlas.facies articularis anterior dentis [NA] ;
anterior s. of corneathe external surface of the cornea.facies anterior corneae [NA] ;
anterior s. of elbowanterior region of elbow
anterior s. of eyelidsfacies anterior palpebrarum
anterior s. of forearmanterior region of forearm
anterior s. of iristhe anterior surface of the iris of the eye.facies anterior iridis [NA] ;
anterior s. of kidneythe anterior surface of the kidney.facies anterior renis [NA] ;
anterior s. of leganterior region of leg
anterior s. of lensthe anterior surface of the lens of the eye.facies anterior lentis [NA] ;
anterior s. of lower limbthe anterior surface of the inferior limb.facies anterior membri inferioris;
anterior s. of maxillathe surface of the maxilla below the orbit and lateral to the nasal aperture.facies anterior corporis maxillae [NA] ;
anterior s. of pancreasthe anterior surface of the pancreas.facies anterior pancreatis [NA] ;
anterior s. of patellathe anterior surface of the patella.facies anterior patellae [NA] ;
anterior s. of petrous part of temporal bonethe surface of the petrous part of the temporal bone contributing to the floor of the middle cranial fossa.facies anterior partis petrosae ossis temporalis [NA] ;
anterior s. of prostatethe anterior surface of the prostate.facies anterior prostatae [NA] ;
anterior s. of radiusthe anterior surface of the radius.facies anterior radii [NA] ;
anterior s. of suprarenal glandthe anterior surface of the suprarenal gland.facies anterior glandulae suprarenalis [NA] ;
anterior s. of thighanterior region of thigh
anterior talar articular s. of calcaneusunderlies the head of the talus and contributes to the talocalcaneonavicular joint.facies articularis talaris anterior calcanei [NA] ;
anterior s. of ulnathe anterior surface of the ulna.facies anterior ulnae [NA] ;
anterolateral s. of shaft of humerusthe surface of the humerus lateral to the intertubercular groove.facies anterior lateralis corporis humeri [NA] , facies anterolateralis corporis humeri [NA] ;
anteromedial s. of shaft of humerusthe surface of the humerus between the anterior and medial borders of the bone.facies anterior medialis corporis humeri [NA] , facies anteromedialis corporis humeri [NA] ;
articular s.any articular surface.facies articularis [NA] ;
articular s. of acromiona small oval facet on the medial border of the acromion for articulation with the lateral end of the clavicle.facies articularis acromii [NA] ;
articular s. of arytenoid cartilagethe oval surface on the undersurface of the muscular process of the arytenoid for articulation with the cricoid cartilage.facies articularis cartilaginis arytenoideae [NA] ;
articular s. of head of fibulathe flat circular surface on the head of the fibula for articulation with the corresponding facet on the lateral condyle of the tibia.facies articularis capitis fibulae [NA] ;
articular s. of head of riban articular surface on the head of a rib that articulates with the body of a vertebra.facies articularis capitis costae [NA] ;
articular s. of patellathe posterior surface of the patella, covered with hyaline cartilage and subdivided by a vertical ridge into a larger lateral and a smaller medial surface for articulation with the corresponding condyles of the femur.facies articularis patellae [NA] ;
articular s. of temporal bonethe smooth portion of the mandibular articular fossa and eminence of the temporal bone that articulates with the disk of the temporomandibular joint.facies articularis ossis temporalis [NA] ;
articular s. of tubercle of riban oval facet on the inferomedial part of the tubercle of a rib for articulation with a facet on the transverse process of a vertebra.facies articularis tuberculi costae [NA] ;
arytenoidal articular s. of cricoidone of two oval facets on the superiorelateral margin of the cricoid lamina for articulation with the arytenoid cartilages.facies articularis arytenoidea cricoideae [NA] ;
auricular s. of iliumthe irregular, L-shaped articular surface on the medial aspect of the ilium that articulates with the sacrum.facies auricularis ossis ilii [NA] ;
auricular s. of sacrumthe rough articular surface on the lateral aspect of the sacrum that articulates with the ilium on each side.facies auricularis ossis sacri [NA] ;
axial s.the s. of a tooth parallel with its long axis; the axial s.'s are the vestibular (labial or buccal), lingual, and contact (mesial or distal).
balancing occlusal s.balancing contact
basal s.the s. of the denture of which the detail is determined by the impression and which rests upon the basal seat.
buccal s. 1. vestibular s. of tooth 2. the mucosa of the cheek; 3. in prosthodontics, the side of a denture adjacent to the cheek.
calcaneal articular s. of talusone of three articular surfaces on the talus for union with the calcaneus: facies articularis calcanea anterior tali, facies articularis calcanea media tali, and facies articularis calcanea posterior tali.facies articularis calcanea tali [NA] ;
carpal articular s. of radiusthe biconcave distal surface of the radius for articulation with the scaphoid bone laterally and the lunate medially.facies articularis carpi radii [NA] ;
cerebral s.the internal s. of certain cranial bones; they are the greater wing of the sphenoid and the squamous part of the temporal bone.facies cerebralis;
colic s. of spleenthe surface of the spleen in contact with the colon.facies colica splenis [NA] ;
contact s. of tooththe surface of a tooth that faces an adjacent tooth in the dental arch; the contact surface that is closest to the anterior midline of the dental arch is the mesial s. of a tooth; that farthest is the distal s.facies approximalis dentis [NA] , facies contactus dentis;
costal s.the surface of certain structures that face the ribs; they are the lungs and the scapula.facies costalis [NA] ;
costal s. of lungthe surface of each lung that lies in contact with the costal pleura.facies costalis pulmonis [NA] ;
costal s. of scapulathe concave aspect of the body of the scapula that faces the thorax and that principally lodges the subscapularis muscle.facies costalis scapulae [NA] ;
cuboidal articular s. of calcaneusthe saddle-shaped surface on the anterior end of the calcaneus for articulation with the cuboid bone.facies articularis cuboidea calcanei [NA] ;
denture basal s.denture foundation s
denture foundation s.that portion of the s. of a denture which has its contour determined by the impression and bears the greater part of the occlusal load.denture basal s;
denture impression s.that portion of the s. of a denture which has its contour determined by the impression; it includes the borders of the denture and extends to the polished s.
denture occlusal s.that portion of the s. of a denture that makes contact or near contact with the corresponding s. of an opposing denture or tooth.facies occlusalis dentis [NA] , facies masticatoria, grinding s., masticating s., masticatory s., occlusal s. (2) ;
denture polished s.that portion of the denture which extends in an occlusal direction from the border of the denture and includes the palatal s.; it is the part of the denture base which is usually polished and includes the buccal and lingual s.'s of the teeth.
diaphragmatic s.the surface of an organ in contact with the diaphragm, as of the heart, liver, lungs, and spleen.facies diaphragmatica [NA] ;
distal s. of tooththe contact surface of a tooth that is directed away from the median plane of the dental arch; opposite to the mesial s. of a tooth.facies distalis dentis [NA] ;
dorsal s.the dorsal surface of a structure such as the sacrum and the scapula.facies dorsalis [NA] ;
dorsal s. of digitthe dorsal surface of a finger or toe.facies digitalis dorsalis [NA] ;
dorsal s. of sacrumthe posterosuperior aspect of the sacrum marked by a median and two lateral sacral crests between which four dorsal sacral foramina are located on each side.facies dorsalis ossis sacri [NA] ;
dorsal s. of scapulathe outer aspect of the body of the scapula, subdivided by the prominent spine of the scapula into a smaller supraspinous fossa and a larger infraspinous fossa.facies dorsalis scapulae [NA] ;
external s.the outer convex surface of either the frontal or the parietal bone.facies externa [NA] ;
external s. of frontal bonethe convex outer surface of the frontal bone.facies externa ossis frontalis [NA] ;
external s. of parietal bonethe convex outer surface of the parietal bone.facies externa ossis parietalis [NA] ;
facial s. of toothvestibular s. of tooth
fibular articular s. of tibiathe flat circular articular facet on the inferior and lateral aspect of the lateral condyle of the tibia for articulation with the head of the fibula.facies articularis fibularis tibiae [NA] ;
gastric s. of spleenthe surface of the spleen in contact with the stomach.facies gastrica splenis [NA] ;
glenoid s.mandibular fossa
gluteal s. of iliumthe external surface of the wing of the ilium marked by the anterior, posterior and inferior gluteal lines that separate the origins of the gluteal muscles.facies glutea ossis ilii [NA] ;
grinding s.denture occlusal s
incisal s.incisal edge
inferior articular s. of tibiathe quadrilateral surface on the distal end of the tibia for articulation with the talus; it is concave anteroposteriorly and broader anteriorly.facies articularis inferior tibiae [NA] ;
inferior s. of cerebellar hemisphereit rests in the posterior cranial fossa and overlies the medulla; it includes the semilunaris inferior, biventer lobule, cerebellar tonsil, and flocculus.facies inferior hemispherii cerebelli [NA] ;
inferior cerebral s.base of brain
inferior s. of pancreasthe surface of the body of the pancreas that faces downward.facies inferior pancreatis [NA] ;
inferior s. of petrous part of temporal boneinferior surface of petrous part of the temporal bone; the portion of the petrous part of the temporal bone that contributes to the external base of the skull.facies inferior partis petrosae ossis temporalis [NA] ;
inferior s. of tonguethe surface of the tongue that faces the floor of the oral cavity, its mucosa being thin, smooth and devoid of papillae.facies inferior linguae [NA] ;
inferolateral s. of prostatethe surface of the prostate facing the body of the pubis and the pelvic diaphragm.facies inferolateralis prostatae [NA] ;
infratemporal s. of maxillathe convex posterolateral surface of the body of the maxilla that form the anterior wall of the infratemporal fossa.facies infratemporalis maxillae [NA] ;
interlobar s.'s of lungthe pulmonary surfaces in the interlobar fissures of the lung.facies interlobares pulmonis [NA] ;
internal s.the internal concave surface of either the frontal or the parietal bone.facies interna [NA] ;
internal s. of frontal bonethe surface of the frontal bone that contributes to the wall of the cranial cavity.facies interna ossis frontalis [NA] ;
internal s. of parietal bonethe concave surface of the parietal bone forming part of the wall of the cranial cavity.facies interna ossis parietalis [NA] ;
intestinal s. of uterusthe posterosuperior surface of the uterus with which loops of intestine come in contact.facies intestinalis uteri [NA] ;
labial s.vestibular s. of tooth
lateral s.the surface of a part of the body that faces away from the midline. The NA recognizes a lateral surface on the following structures: fibula; ovary; radius; testis; tibia; zygomatic bone.facies lateralis [NA] ;
lateral s. of armthe lateral surface of the arm.facies lateralis brachii;
lateral s. of fibulathe lateral surface of the fibula.facies lateralis fibulae [NA] ;
lateral s. of fingerthe lateral surface of a finger.facies lateralis digiti manus;
lateral s. of legthe lateral surface of the part of the inferior limb between the knee and the ankle.facies lateralis cruris;
lateral s. of lower limbthe lateral surface of the inferior limb.facies lateralis membri inferioris;
lateral malleolar s. of talusthat surface of the trochlea of the talus that articulates with the lateral malleolus of the fibula.facies malleolaris lateralis tali [NA] ;
lateral s. of ovarythe surface of the ovary facing the pelvic wall.facies lateralis ovarii [NA] ;
lateral s. of testisthe laterally directed surface of the testis.facies lateralis testis [NA] ;
lateral s. of tibiathe laterally directed surface of the tibia.facies lateralis tibiae [NA] ;
lateral s. of toethe lateral surface of a toe.facies lateralis digiti pedis;
lateral s. of zygomatic bonethe lateral surface of the zygomatic bone.facies lateralis ossis zygomatici [NA] ;
lingual s. of tooththe surface of a tooth that faces the tongue; opposite to the s. vestibulum dentis.facies lingualis dentis [NA] ;
lunate s. of acetabulumthe curved articular surface that surrounds the acetabular fossa and articulates with the head of the femur.facies lunata acetabuli [NA] ;
malleolar articular s. of fibulathe surface on the medial aspect of the lateral malleolus that articulates with the talus.facies articularis malleoli fibulae [NA] ;
malleolar articular s. of tibiathe articular facet on the lateral surface of the medial malleolus for articulation with the side of the talus; it is continuous with the inferior articular surface of the tibia.facies articularis malleoli tibiae [NA] ;
masticating s.denture occlusal s
masticatory s.denture occlusal s
maxillary s. of greater wing of sphenoid boneaBCXYZfacies maxillaris alae majoris;
maxillary s. of palatine bonethe lateral surface of the perpendicular plate of the palatine bone;facies maxillaris ossis palatini [NA] ;
medial s.the surface of a part of the body that faces toward the midline. The NA recognizes a medial surface on the following structures: arytenoid cartilage; fibula; lung; ovary; testis; tibia; ulna.facies medialis [NA] ;
medial s. of arytenoid cartilagefacies medialis cartilaginis arytenoideae
medial cerebral s.medial s. of cerebral hemisphere
medial s. of cerebral hemisphereit faces, above as well as anterior and posterior to the corpus callosum, the falx cerebri; below it are the mesencephalon and the dura-covered medial wall of the middle cranial fossa.facies medialis cerebri [NA] , medial cerebral s;
medial s. of fibulafacies medialis fibulae
medial s. of lungit consists of a vertebral part and a mediastinal part. See also mediastinal s. of lung.facies medialis pulmonis;
medial malleolar s. of talusthe surface of the trochlea of the talus that articulates with the medial malleolus of the tibia.facies malleolaris medialis tali [NA] ;
medial s. of ovarythe surface of the ovary that faces the pelvic cavity.facies medialis ovarii [NA] ;
medial s. of testisfacies medialis testis
medial s. of tibiafacies medialis tibiae
medial s. of toesthe medial surface of a toe.facies medialis digiti pedis;
medial s. of ulnafacies medialis ulnae
mediastinal s. of lungthe part of the medial surface of a lung in contact with the mediastinum.pars mediastinalis pulmonis [NA] , facies mediastinalis pulmonis, mediastinal part of lung;
mesial s. of tooththe contact surface of a tooth that is directed toward the median plane of the dental arch; opposite to the s. distalis dentis.facies mesialis dentis [NA] ;
middle talar articular s. of calcaneusunderlies the head of the talus and contributes to the talocalcaneonavicular joint.facies articularis talaris media calcanei [NA] ;
nasal s. of maxillathe surface of the maxilla that forms part of the lateral nasal wall with a large defect (maxillary hiatus) posteriorly and the lacrimal sulcus in its midportion.facies nasalis maxillae [NA] ;
nasal s. of palatine bone 1. the nasal surface of the perpendicular lamina of the palatine bone that forms part of the lateral wall of the nasal cavity; 2. the nasal surface of the horizontal lamina of the palatine bone that forms part of the floor of the nasal cavity.facies nasalis ossis palatini [NA] ;
navicular articular s. of talusthe large convex surface on the head of the talus for articulation with the navicular bone.facies articularis navicularis tali [NA] ;
occlusal s. 1. the surface of a tooth that occludes with or contacts an opposing surface of a tooth in the opposing jaw; 2. denture occlusal s
orbital s.the surface of a bone which contributes to the walls of the orbit. The NA recognizes an orbital surface on the following bones: greater wing of the sphenoid bone; the maxilla; the frontal bone; the zygomatic bone.facies orbitalis [NA] ;
palatine s. of horizontal plate of palatine bonethe inferior surface of the horizontal plate of the palatine bone.facies palatina laminae horizontalis ossis palatini [NA] ;
palmar s. of fingersthe flat of the fingers; the flexor or anterior s. of the fingers.facies digitalis ventralis [NA] , facies digitalis palmaris [NA] , ventral s. of digit;
patellar s. of femurthe groove formed anteriorly between the anterosuperior portions of the femoral condyles that accommodates the patella.facies patellaris femoris [NA] , trochlea femoris;
pelvic s. of sacrumthe surface of the sacrum that faces downward and forward forming part of the posterior wall of the pelvic cavity.facies pelvina ossis sacri [NA] ;
plantar s. of toefacies digitalis plantaris [NA] ;
popliteal s. of femurthe posterior surface of the lower end of the femur between the diverging lips of the linea aspera.facies poplitea femoris [NA] , planum popliteum, popliteal plane of femur;
posterior s.the surface of a part of the body that faces toward the posterior part of the body. The NA recognizes a posterior surface without qualification on the following structures: arm; arytenoid cartilage; cornea; eyelid; fibula; humerus; iris; kidney; leg; pancreas; prostate; radius; suprarenal gland; ulna.facies posterior [NA] ;
posterior s. of armposterior region of arm
posterior articular s. of densthe facet on the posterior surface of the dens of the axis that articulates with the transverse ligament of the atlas.facies articularis posterior dentis [NA] ;
posterior s. of arytenoid cartilageaBCXYZ
posterior s. of corneathe posterior surface of the cornea.facies posterior corneae [NA] ;
posterior s. of elbowposterior region of elbow
posterior s. of eyelidsthe internal surface of the eyelids, covered with conjunctiva.facies posterior palpebrarum [NA] ;
posterior s. of fibulathe posterior surface of the fibula.facies posterior fibulae [NA] ;
posterior s. of forearmposterior region of forearm
posterior s. of iristhe posterior surface of the iris.facies posterior iridis [NA] ;
posterior s. of kidneythe posterior surface of the kidney.facies posterior renis [NA] ;
posterior s. of legposterior region of legfacies cruralis posterior [NA] , cruralis posterior, facies posterior cruris;
posterior s. of lensthe posterior surface of the lens of the eye.facies posterior lentis [NA] ;
posterior s. of lower limbthe posterior surface of the inferior limb.facies posterior membri inferioris;
posterior s. of pancreasthe posterior surface of the pancreas.facies posterior pancreatis [NA] ;
posterior s. of petrous part of temporal bonethe surface of the petrous part of the temporal bone that contributes to the posterior cranial fossa.facies posterior partis petrosae ossis temporalis [NA] ;
posterior s. of prostatethe posterior surface of the prostate.facies posterior prostatae [NA] ;
posterior s. of radiusthe posterior surface of the radius.facies posterior radii [NA] ;
posterior s. of shaft of humerusthe posterior surface of the humerus.facies posterior corporis humeri [NA] ;
posterior s. of suprarenal glandthe posterior surface of the suprarenal gland.facies posterior glandulae suprarenalis [NA] ;
posterior talar articular s. of calcaneusarticulates with talus (subtalar joint) posterior to sinus tarsi.facies articularis talaris posterior calcanei;
posterior s. of thighposterior region of thigh
posterior s. of tibiathe posterior surface of the tibia.facies posterior tibiae [NA] ;
posterior s. of ulnathe posterior surface of the ulna.facies posterior ulnae [NA] ;
pulmonary s. of heartthe lateral surface of the heart, directed toward the lungs; on the left it is principally the left ventricular wall; on the right it is the right atrial wall and the upper part of the right ventricular wall.facies pulmonalis cordis [NA] ;
renal s. of spleenthe surface of the spleen in contact with the left kidney.facies renalis lienis, facies renalis splenis;
renal s. of suprarenal glandsurface of suprarenal gland in contact with the kidney.
renal s. of the suprarenal glandfacies renalis glandulae suprarenalis
sacropelvic s. of iliumthe medial surface of the ilium behind and below the iliac fossa; it includes the iliac tuberosity, the auricular surface and the smooth pelvic surface below and in front of the auricular surface.facies sacropelvina ossis ilii [NA] ;
sternal articular s. of claviclethe oval surface on the sternal end of the clavicle that articulates with the fibrocartilaginous disk of the sternoclavicular joint.facies articularis sternalis claviculae [NA] ;
sternocostal s. of heartthe anterior aspect of the heart, formed mostly by the right ventricle and to a lesser extent the left ventricle.facies sternocostalis cordis [NA] ;
subocclusal s.a portion of the occlusal s. of a tooth which is below the level of the occluding portion of the tooth.
superior articular s. of tibiathe articular surface on the proximal end of the tibia that is divided into medial and lateral portions for articulation with the condyles of the femur.facies articularis superior tibiae [NA] ;
superior s. of cerebellar hemisphereit lies against the under surface of the tentorium and includes the ala lobuli centralis, quadrangular lobule, simple lobule, and superior semilunar lobule.facies superior hemispherii cerebelli [NA] ;
superior s. of talusthe surface of the trochlea of the talus in contact with the inferior articular surface of the tibia.facies superior tali [NA] ;
superolateral cerebral s.superolateral s. of cerebrum
superolateral s. of cerebrumthe aspect of the cerebral hemisphere that lies in contact with the flat bones of the skull; it includes parts of the frontal, parietal, temporal, and occipital lobes.facies superolateralis cerebri [NA] , cortical convexity, superolateral cerebral s;
symphysial s. of pubisfacies symphysialis
talar articular s. of calcaneusany of the three facets of the calcaneus that articulate with the overlying talus; the talar articular surface anterior and middle talar articular surface contribute to the talocalcaneonavicular joint and are separated by the tarsal sinus from the posterior talar articular surface which enters into the subtalar joint.facies articularis talaris calcanei [NA] ;
temporal s.the surface of a bone which contributes to the temporal fossa, namely, the greater wing of the sphenoid, the squamous part of the temporal, frontal and zygomatic bones.facies temporalis [NA] ;
tentorial s.those areas of the occipital lobe (inferior aspect) and the cerebellum (superior aspect) that are apposed to the superior and inferior s.'s, respectively, of the tentorium cerebelli.
thyroidal articular s. of cricoidone of two small circular facets on the lateral surface of the cricoid cartilage near the inferior margin of the junction of the arch and lamina for articulation with the inferior horns of the thyroid cartilage.facies articularis thyroidea cricoideae [NA] ;
urethral s. of penisthe surface of the penis opposite to the dorsum penis.facies urethralis penis [NA] ;
ventral s. of digitpalmar s. of fingers
vesical s. of uterusthe surface of the uterus facing the bladder and separated from it by the uterovesical pouch of peritoneum.facies vesicalis uteri [NA] ;
vestibular s. of tooththe surface of a tooth that faces the buccal or labial mucosa of vestibule of the mouth; opposite to the lingual s. of tooth.facies vestibularis dentis [NA] , facies facialis dentis [NA] , buccal s. (1) , facial s. of tooth, facies buccalis, facies labialis, labial s;
visceral s. of liverthe posteroinferior surface of the liver that faces adjacent abdominal organs; the porta hepatis and gallbladder are located on this surface.facies visceralis hepatis [NA] ;
visceral s. of the spleenthe surface of the spleen in contact with adjacent viscera.facies visceralis splenis [NA] ;
working occlusal s.'sthe s.'s of teeth upon which mastication can occur.

 

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