Any morbid phenomenon or departure from the normal in structure, function, or sensation, experienced by the patient and indicative of disease. See also phenomenon (1) , reflex (1) , sign (1) , syndrome. [G. symptoma]
abstinence s.'swithdrawal s.'s
accessory s.a s. that usually but not always accompanies a certain disease, as distinguished from a pathognomonic s.assident s., concomitant s;
accidental s.any morbid phenomenon coincidentally occurring in the course of a disease, but having no relation with it.
assident s.accessory s
Baumès s.pain behind the sternum in angina pectoris.
Bezold's s.inflammatory edema at the tip of the mastoid process in mastoiditis.Bezold's sign;
Bolognini's s.a feeling of crepitation on gradually increasing pressure on the abdomen in cases of measles.
cardinal s.the primary or major s. of diagnostic importance.
concomitant s.accessory s
constitutional s.a s. indicating a systemic effect of a disease; e.g., weight loss.
deficiency s.manifestation of a lack, in varying degrees, of some substance (e.g., hormone, enzyme, vitamin) necessary for normal structure and/or function of an organism.
Demarquay's s.absence of elevation of the larynx during deglutition, said to indicate syphilitic induration of the trachea.
Epstein's s. See Epstein's sign.
equivocal s.a s. that points definitely to no special disease, being associated with any one of a number of morbid states, or whose presence is uncertain or indefinite.
first rank s.'s (FRS) Schneider's first rank s.'s
Fischer's s.Fischer's sign
Frenkel's s.lowered muscular tonus in tabetic neurosyphilis.
Gordon's s.tonic reflex
Griesinger's s.edema of the superficial tissues at the tip of the mastoid process in cases of thrombosis of the sigmoid sinus.
Haenel's s.absence of sensation on pressure of the eyeball in tabes.
incarceration s.Dietl's crisis
induced s.a s. excited by a drug, exercise, or other means, often intentionally for diagnostic purposes.
Kerandel's s.deep-seated hyperesthesia observed in cases of sleeping sickness.
Kussmaul's s.Kussmaul's sign
local s.a s. of limited extent, caused by disease of a particular organ or part.
localizing s.a s. indicating clearly the seat of the morbid process.
Macewen's s.Macewen's sign
objective s.a s. that is evident to the observer.
Oehler's s.a sudden pallor and coldness in the arm with slight disability, occurring on lifting of a heavy weight.
pathognomonic s.a s. that, when present, points unmistakably to the presence of a certain definite disease.
Pratt's s.rigidity in the muscles of an injured limb, which precedes the occurrence of gangrene.
presenting s.the complaint offered by the patient as the main reason for seeking medical care; usually synonymous with chief complaint.
rainbow s.glaucomatous halo (2)
reflex s.a disturbance of sensation or function in an organ or part more or less remote from the morbid condition giving rise to it; e.g., muscle spasm due to joint inflammation.sympathetic s;
Romberg-Howship s.in cases of incarcerated obturator hernia; lancinating pains along the inner side of the thigh to the knee, or down the leg to the foot; caused by compression of the obturator nerve.Romberg's s. (2) ;
Romberg's s. 1. Romberg's sign 2. Romberg-Howship s
schneiderian first rank s.'sSchneider's first rank s.'s
Schneider's first rank s.'sthose s.'s that, when present, indicate that the diagnosis of schizophrenia is likely, provided that organic or toxic etiology is ruled out: delusion of control, thought broadcasting, thought withdrawal, thought insertion, hearing one's thoughts spoken aloud, auditory hallucinations that comment on one's behavior, and auditory hallucinations in which two voices carry on a conversation.first rank s.'s, schneiderian first rank s.'s;
Sklowsky s.the rupture of a varicella vesicle on very slight pressure with the finger, greater pressure being necessary to break the vesicles of smallpox, herpes, or other affections.
subjective s.a s. apparent only to the patient.
sympathetic s.reflex s
Trendelenburg's s.a waddling gait in paresis of the gluteal muscles, as in progressive muscular dystrophy.
Uhthoff s.a transient temperature-dependent numbness, weakness, or loss of vision. Conduction stops in any nerve if the temperature gets too high. In a damaged nerve, e.g., by demyelinization, this shutdown temperature is lowered, and may approach normal body temperature. Transient neurological dysfunction may then appear with a hot shower, exercise, or fever.Uhthoff syndrome;
Wartenberg's s. 1. intense pruritus of the tip of the nose and nostrils in cases of cerebral tumor; 2. flexion of the thumb when the patient attempts to flex the four fingers against resistance, a "pyramid sign".
withdrawal s.'sa group of morbid s.'s, predominantly erethistic, occurring in an addict who is deprived of his accustomed dose of the addicting agent.abstinence s.'s;
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