bacillus, pl. bacilli (ba-sil´us, -I)

1. A vernacular term used to refer to any member of the genus Bacillus. 2. Term formerly used to refer to any rod-shaped bacterium. [L. dim. of baculus, a rod, staff]
Abel's b. Klebsiella pneumoniae subsp. ozaenae See Klebsiella ozaenae.
abortus b. Brucella abortus
acne b. Propionibacterium acnes
Bang's b. Brucella abortus
Battey b. Mycobacterium intracellulare [Battey hospital in Rome, GA]
blue pus b. Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Bordet-Gengou b. Bordetella pertussis
Calmette-Guérin b. Bacille bilié de Calmette-Guérin
cholera b. Vibrio cholerae
coliform bacilli (ko´li-form, kol´i-form) common name for Escherichia coli that is used as an indicator of fecal contamination of water, measured in terms of coliform count. Occasionally used to refer to all lactose-fermenting enteric bacteria.
colon b. Escherichia coli
comma b. Vibrio cholerae
Döderlein's b. a large, Gram-positive bacterium occurring in normal vaginal secretions; although thought by some to be identical with Lactobacillus acidophilus, the identity of Döderlein's b. is still doubtful.
Ducrey's b. Haemophilus ducreyi
dysentery b. an organism of the genus Shigella which causes dysentery.
Eberth's b. Salmonella typhi
Flexner's b. Shigella flexneri
Friedländer's b. Klebsiella pneumoniae
Gärtner's b. Salmonella enteritidis
gas b. Clostridium perfringens
Ghon-Sachs b. Clostridium septicum
glanders b. Pseudomonas mallei
grass b. Bacillus subtilis
Hansen's b. Mycobacterium leprae
hay b. Bacillus subtilis
Hofmann's b. Corynebacterium pseudodiphtheriticum
influenza b. Haemophilus influenzae
Johne's b. Mycobacterium paratuberculosis
Kitasato's b. Yersinia pestis
Klebs-Loeffler b. Corynebacterium diphtheriae
Koch's b. 1. Mycobacterium tuberculosis 2. Vibrio cholerae
Koch-Weeks b. Haemophilus influenzae
lactic acid b. a member of the genus Lactobacillus.
leprosy b. Mycobacterium leprae
Loeffler's b. Corynebacterium diphtheriae
mist b. Mycobacterium smegmatis (formerly M. lacticola)
Moeller's grass b. Mycobacterium phlei
Morgan's b. Morganella morganii
Much's b. an alleged non-acid-fast granular form of the tubercle b.; not demonstrable by the Ziehl stain, but takes a modified Gram stain; it is said to be the form present in the tuberculous skin lesion.
necrosis b. Fusobacterium necrophorum
paracolon b. any one of a number of diverse enteric bacteria which fail to ferment lactose promptly.
paradysentery b. Shigella flexneri
paratyphoid b. one of the three organisms causing the three forms, A, B, and C, of paratyphoid fever. See also paratyphoid fever.
Park-Williams b. a special strain of Corynebacterium diphtheriae used for toxin production.
Pfeiffer's b. Haemophilus influenzae
plague b. Yersinia pestis
Plaut's b. probably Fusobacterium nucleatum, differentiated by some from Vincent's b.; the former is motile and nonpathogenic, the latter is nonmotile and pathogenic.
Plotz b. a small, Gram-positive bacterium suggested as the pathogenic agent of typhus fever.
Preisz-Nocard b. Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis
Sachs' b. Clostridium septicum
Schmorl's b. Fusobacterium necrophorum
Schottmueller's b. Salmonella schottmülleri
Shiga b. Shigella dysenteriae
Shiga-Kruse b. Shigella dysenteriae
Sonne b. Shigella sonnei
timothy-hay b. Mycobacterium phlei
tubercle b. 1. Mycobacterium tuberculosis 2. Mycobacterium bovis 3. Mycobacterium avium
typhoid b. Salmonella typhi
Vincent's b. probably Fusobacterium nucleatum.
vole b. an acid-fast b. isolated from voles and used in the production of a vaccine against human and bovine tuberculosis.
Weeks' b. Haemophilus influenzae
Welch's b. Clostridium perfringens
Whitmore's b. Pseudomonas pseudomallei


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