branch

branch

An offshoot; in anatomy, one of the primary divisions of a nerve or blood vessel. A branch. See ramus, artery, nerve, vein.ramus (1) [NA];
accessory meningeal b. of middle meningeal artery a b. of either the middle meningeal or maxillary artery in the infratemporal fossa and passing superiorly through the foramen ovale to supply the trigeminal ganglion, dura mater and inner table of bone.ramus meningeus accessorius arteriae meningeae mediae [NA];
acetabular b. an arterial b. that supplies the acetabulum; two arteries, the obturator and the medial femoral circumflex, have such b.'s.ramus acetabularis [NA], acetabular artery, arteria acetabuli;
acromial b. of suprascapular artery b. of suprascapular artery which pierces the origin of the trapezius muscle to run to the acromion; anastomoses, acromial b. of thoracoacromial artery.ramus acromialis arteriae suprascapularis [NA];
acromial b. of thoracoacromial artery a b. of the thoracoacromial artery that runs over the coracoid process and under the deltoid muscle.ramus acromialis arteriae thoracoacromialis [NA], acromial artery;
anastomotic b. the anastomotic branch, a blood vessel that interconnects two neighboring vessels. It should not be used for the nervous system, because there is no analogy between a vascular anastomosing branch and a connection between nerves or their subdivisions.ramus anastomoticus;
anastomotic b. of middle meningeal artery to lacrimal artery a b. of the middle meningeal artery arising in the cranial cavity which runs anteriorly through the superior orbital fissure to anastomose with the lacrimal artery. See orbital b. of middle meningeal artery.ramus anastomoticus arteriae meningeae mediae cum lacrimali [NA];
anterior b. the anterior branch of the following: 1) great auricular nerve; 2) lateral cerebral sulcus; 3) left and right superior pulmonary veins; 4) medial cutaneous nerve of the forearm; 5) obturator artery; 6) obturator nerve; 7) renal artery; 8) right branch of portal vein; 9) right hepatic duct; 10) superior thyroid artery; 11) ulnar recurrent artery.ramus anterior [NA];
anterior auricular b.'s of superficial temporal artery distribution, auricle, earlobe and external acoustic meatus.rami auriculares anteriores arteriae temporalis superficialis [NA];
anterior basal b. anterior basal b. of (1) basal parts of the inferior lobar b.'s of the right and left pulmonary arteries, and (2) superior basal b.'s of the right and left inferior pulmonary veins.ramus basalis anterior [NA];
anterior cutaneous b. of iliohypogastric nerve distribution, skin on pubis.ramus cutaneus anterior nervi iliohypogastrici [NA], genital b. of iliohypogastric nerve;
anterior cutaneous b.'s of intercostal nerves medial mammary b.'s of anterior cutaneous b.'s of ventral primary rami of thoracic spinal nerves. See medial mammary b.'s.
anterior scrotal b.'s of external pudendal artery distribution, skin of anterior scrotum; anastomoses, posterior scrotal branches from internal pudendal artery.rami scrotales anteriores arteriae pudendae externae [NA];
anterior superior alveolar b.'s of infraorbital nerve the b.'s of the superior alveolar nerve that supply the incisors, canines, premolars, and first molar by their contributions to the superior dental plexus.rami alveolares superiores anteriores nervi infraorbitalis [NA];
anteromedial central b.'s branches of the anterior communicating artery which supply part of the hypothalamus.rami centrales anteromediales [NA];
apical b. the apical branch of the following: 1) superior lobar b.'s of left and right pulmonary arteries; 2) left superior pulmonary vein.ramus superior (2) [NA]; ramus apicalis [NA];
apical b. of inferior lobar branch of right pulmonary artery b. (of the inferior lobar branch) of the right pulmonary artery serving the apical segment of the inferior lobe of the right lung.ramus apicalis lobi inferioris arteriae pulmonalis dextrae [NA];
apicoposterior b. of left superior pulmonary vein drains apicoposterior bronchopulmonary segment of superior lobe of left lung.ramus apicoposterior venae pulmonalis sinistrae superioris [NA];
articular b.'s b.'s distributed to joints. Almost any vessel related to a joint will supply articular rami. Most joints receive articular b.'s from the intramuscular b.'s of the motor nerves innervating the muscles crossing the joint (see Hilton's law). At this printing, Nomina Anatomica, however, specifically recognizes only the articular b.'s of the descending genicular artery, ramus articulares arteriae descendentis genicularis [NA]; supplying the knee joint.rami articulares [NA], joint b.'s;
ascending b. a b. directed superiorly. Nomina Anatomica recognizes the ascending b. of the following: 1) deep circumflex iliac artery; 2) lateral cerebral sulcus; 3) lateral circumflex femoral artery.ramus ascendens [NA];
ascending anterior b. the ascending anterior b. of the superior lobar b.'s of the left and right pulmonary arteries.ramus anterior ascendens [NA];
ascending b. of the inferior mesenteric artery b. of the left colic artery (from inferior mesenteric artery) that passes anteriorly to the left kidney into the transverse mesocolon, where it anastomoses with the middle colic artery. It thus forms an anastomosis between superior and inferior mesenteric arteries, and is a component of the marginal artery (Drummond) of the colon.arteria ascendens (2), arteria intermesenterica;
ascending posterior b. the ascending posterior b. of the superior lobar branch of the right pulmonary artery.ramus posterior ascendens [NA];
atrial b.'s the atrial branches, the branches of the right coronary artery and the circumflex branch of the left coronary artery distributed to the right and left atrium, respectively.rami atriales [NA];
atrioventricular nodal b. artery to atrioventricular node
b. to atrioventricular node artery to atrioventricular node
auricular b. of occipital artery distribution, posterior auricle; anastomosis, posterior auricular artery.ramus auricularis arteriae occipitalis [NA];
auricular b. of vagus nerve a b. of the superior ganglion of the vagus, supplying the back of the pinna and the external acoustic meatus.ramus auricularis nervi vagi [NA], Arnold's nerve;
b. of auriculotemporal nerve to tympanic membrane sensory b. of the auriculotemporal nerve supplying the external surface of the tympanic membrane.ramus membranae tympani nervi auriculotemporalis [NA], nerve of tympanic membrane;
basal tentorial b. of internal carotid artery a small b. from the cavernous part of the internal carotid artery to the base of the tentorium.ramus basalis tentorii arteriae carotidis internae [NA];
buccal b.'s of facial nerve motor b.'s of the facial nerve distributed to buccina or muscle and other muscles of facial expression below orbit and above chin.rami buccales nervi facialis [NA];
calcarine b. of medial occipital artery b. of medial occipital artery which runs in relationship to the calcarine sulcus.ramus calcarinus arteriae occipitalis medialis [NA], arteria calcarina, calcarine artery;
capsular b.'s of renal artery b.'s arising from the renal artery outside of the kidney that are distributed to the renal capsule.rami capsulares arteriae renalis [NA];
carotid sinus b. carotid sinus nerve
caudate b.'s b.'s of transverse part of left branch of portal vein distributed to the caudate lobe before the vein enters the liver.rami caudati [NA];
cavernous b. of internal carotid artery a b. of the cavernous part of the internal carotid artery supplying the walls of the cavernous sinus.
cavernous sinus b. of internal carotid artery a number of small b.'s of the cavernous part of the internal carotid artery. See ganglionic b. of internal carotid artery, cavernous sinus b. of internal carotid artery, basal tentorial b. of internal carotid artery, marginal tentorial b. of internal carotid artery.ramus sinus cavernosi arteriae carotidis arteriae [NA], cavernous arteries;
celiac b.'s of vagus nerve terminal b.'s of the posterior vagal trunk conveying presynaptic parasympathetic fibers to-and visceral afferent fibers from-the celiac plexus.rami celiaci nervi vagi [NA];
cervical b. of facial nerve the most inferior b. of the parotid plexus of the facial nerve, it descends to innervate the platysma muscle.ramus colli nervi facialis [NA], ramus cervicalis nervi facialis;
choroid b.'s the choroid branches: ramus choroidei posteriores laterales [NA], lateral posterior choroid branches of posterior cerebral artery distributed to the choroid plexus of the lateral ventricle; ramus choroidei posteriores mediales [NA], medial posterior choroid branches of posterior cerebral artery distributed to the choroid plexus of the third ventricle; ramus choroidei ventriculi lateralis [NA], lateral ventricle choroid branch of anterior choroid artery distributed to the plexus of the lateral ventricle; ramus choroidei ventriculi tertii [NA], third ventricle choroid branch of anterior choroid artery to the third ventricle; ramus choroidei ventriculi quarti [NA], fourth ventricle choroid branch of posterior inferior cerebellar artery.rami choroidei [NA];
circumflex b. of left coronary artery terminal b. (with anterior interventricular artery) of left coronary artery which runs to left and then posteriorly in the coronary groove supplying atrial and ventricular b.'s.ramus circumflexus arteriae coronariae sinistrae [NA];
clavicular b. of thoracoacromial artery distribution, subclavius muscle and sternoclavicular joint.ramus clavicularis arteriae thoracoacromialis [NA];
cochlear b. of labyrinthine artery terminal b. (with vestibular b.) of labyrinthine artery; it divides into multiple fine b.'s which penetrate canals of modiolus to supply the plexus of the spiral lamina and basilar membrane.ramus cochlearis arteriae labyrinthi [NA];
collateral b.'s of posterior intercostal arteries 3-11 b. arising near angle of rib and descending to run along superior border of rib below; distribution: lower half of intercostal spaces 3-11; anastomoses: collateral b.'s of anterior intercostal arteries.ramus collateralis arteriarum intercostalium posteriorum III-XI [NA];
communicating b. a bundle of nerve fibers passing from one named nerve to join another. The term "communicating branch" is used in the nervous system to replace the inadequate "anastomosing branch" used for vascular systems.ramus communicans [NA];
communicating b.'s of auriculotemporal nerve to facial nerve b.'s conveying fibers from the auriculotemporal nerve to the facial nerve.rami communicantes nervi auriculotemporalis cum nervo faciali [NA];
communicating b. of chorda tympani to lingual nerve terminal b. of chorda tympani joining the lingual nerve in the infratemporal fossa; conveys sensory fibers for taste from anterior two-thirds of tongue and presynaptic parasympathetic fibers destined for submandibular ganglion for innervation of submandibular and sublingual salivary glands.ramus communicans cum chorda tympani (1) [NA];
communicating b. of facial nerve with glossopharyngeal nerve a small branch from the digastric branch of the facial nerve to the glossopharyngeal nerve.ramus communicans cum nervo glossopharyngeo (1) [NA], Haller's ansa;
communicating b. of facial nerve with tympanic plexus a fine b. of facial nerve joining the tympanic b. of the glossopharyngeal nerve.ramus communicans nervi facialis cum plexu tympanico [NA];
communicating b. of glossopharyngeal nerve with auricular branch of vagus nerve a small b. of the glossopharyngeal nerve which joins the auricular b. of the vagus, conveying tactile fibers.ramus communicans cum nervo glossopharyngeo (2) [NA], ramus communicans nervi glossopharyngei cum ramo auriculari nervi vagalis;
communicating b. of lacrimal nerve with zygomatic nerve nerve b. by which postsynaptic parasympathetic (secretomotor) fibers from the pterygopalatine ganglion are transferred from the zygomatic nerve to the lacrimal nerve (heretofore purely sensory) for distribution to the lacrimal gland.ramus communicans nervi lacrimalis cum nervo zygomatico [NA];
communicating b.'s of lingual nerve to hypoglossal nerve communicating b.'s between the lingual nerve (from mandibular nerve) and hypoglossal nerve forming a plexus on the hypoglossus muscle.rami communicantes nervi lingualis cum nervo hypoglosso [NA];
communicating b. of median nerve with ulnar nerve b. of median nerve joining the ulnar nerve in the hand; the anterior interosseous b. of the median nerve may also communicate with the ulnar nerve in the proximal forearm.ramus communicans nervi mediani cum nervo ulnari [NA];
communicating b. of otic ganglion to auriculotemporal nerve a b. of the otic ganglion joining the roots of the auriculotemporal nerve to convey postsynaptic parasympathetic fibers to the parotid gland.ramus communicans ganglii otici cum nervo auriculotemporali [NA];
communicating b. of otic ganglion to chorda tympani a small b. of the otic ganglion conveying sensory fibers to the chorda tympani.ramus communicans cum chorda tympani (2) [NA];
communicating b. of otic ganglion with medial pterygoid nerve b. of otic ganglion joining the nerve to the medial pterygoid muscle.ramus communicans ganglii otici cum nervo pterygoideo mediali [NA];
communicating b. of otic ganglion with meningeal branch of mandibular nerve a b. of otic ganglion to the meningeal branch of mandibular nerve conveying postsynaptic parasympathetic fibers which run back to the main stem of the mandibular nerve for distribution to the parotid gland via the auriculotemporal nerve.ramus communicans ganglii otici cum ramo meningeo nervi mandibularis [NA];
communicating b. of peroneal artery the communicating branch of the peroneal (fibular) artery.ramus communicans arteriae fibularis [NA], ramus communicans arteriae peroneae;
communicating b.'s of spinal nerves white rami communicantes, under ramus
communicating b. of superior laryngeal nerve with recurrent laryngeal nerve b. of internal branch of superior laryngeal nerve communicating with the recurrent laryngeal nerve in the wall of the laryngopharynx supplying sensory fibers to the latter.ramus communicans nervi laryngei recurrentis cum ramo laryngeo interno [NA], ramus communicans nervi laryngei superioris cum nervo laryngeo recurrenti [NA], Galen's anastomosis, Galen's nerve;
communicating b.'s of sympathetic trunk gray rami communicantes, under ramus
cutaneous b. of obturator nerve b. of the anterior branch of obturator nerve supplying skin of medial thigh above knee.ramus cutaneus rami anterioris nervi obturatorii [NA];
deep b. b. which passes deeply, beneath, or farther from surface; usually in contrast to a superficial b.ramus profundus [NA];
deep b. of the lateral plantar nerve motor b. of lateral plantar nerve supplying lumbricals 2-4, plantar and dorsal interossei, and the adductor hallucis muscles.ramus profundus nervi plantaris lateralis [NA];
deep b. of the medial femoral circumflex artery distributed to posterior aspect of femoral head and neck.ramus profundus arteriae circumflexae femoris medialis [NA];
deep b. of the medial plantar artery b. running deep to abductor hallucis, supplying it and the flexor hallucis brevis muscle deep to the artery and the skin of the medial side of the distal foot.rami profundi arteriae circumflexae femoris medialis [NA];
deep palmar b. of ulnar artery b. of the ulnar artery which supplies the hypothenar muscles then passes deep into the palm to the flexor tendons and anastomoses with the deep palmar arch from the radial artery.ramus palmaris profundus arteriae ulnaris [NA];
deep plantar b. of dorsalis pedis artery deep plantar b. of arcuate artery or its first metatarsal artery b. which penetrates the foot between first and second metatarsal bones to anastomose with the termination of the plantar arterial arch.ramus plantaris profundus arteriae dorsalis pedis [NA];
deep b. of the radial nerve posterior interosseous nerve
deep b. of the transverse cervical artery dorsal scapular artery
deep b. of the ulnar nerve accompanies deep palmar b. of ulnar artery and deep palmar arch to supply wrist joint, lumbricals 3 & 4, palmar and dorsal interossei adductor pollicis and deep head of flexor pollicis brevis muscles.ramus profundus nervi ulnaris [NA];
deltoid b. b.'s related to the deltoid muscle. Nomina Anatomica lists deltoid b.'s of the following: 1) thoracoacromial artery, ramus deltoideus arteriae thoracoacromialis [NA]; 2) profunda brachii artery, ramus deltoideus arteriae profundae brachii [NA].ramus deltoideus [NA];
dental b.'s b.'s to the teeth. Nomina Anatomica lists dental b.'s of the following: 1) anterior superior alveolar artery, rami dentales arteriarum alveolarium superiorum anteriorum [NA]; 2) inferior alveolar artery, rami dentales arteriae alveolaris inferioris [NA]; 3) inferior dental plexus, rami dentales inferiores plexus dentalis inferioris [NA]; 4) posterior superior alveolar artery, rami dentales arteriae alveolaris superioris posterioris [NA]; 5) superior dental plexus, rami dentales superiores plexus dentalis superioris [NA].rami dentales [NA], dental rami;
descending b. b. of an artery or nerve passing inferiorly. Descending b.'s have been described for the following: (1) descending b. of hypoglossal nerve, superior root of ansa cervicalis; (2) descending branch of lateral circumflex femoral artery; (3) descending b. of the occipital artery.ramus descendens [NA];
descending anterior b. the descending anterior b. of the superior lobar b.'s of the right and left pulmonry arteries.ramus anterior descendens [NA];
descending b. of hypoglossal nerve superior root of ansa cervicalis
descending b. of lateral circumflex femoral artery a major b. of the lateral circumflex femoral artery accompanying the nerve to the vastus lateralis muscle along the anterior border of that muscle and deep to the rectus femoris muscle, supplying both muscles. Anastomosis: with lateral superior genicular artery, i.e., it contributes to the articular network of the knee.ramus descendens arteriae circumflexae femoris lateralis [NA];
descending b. of occipital artery origin: occipital artery within occipital groove; distribution: posterior neck muscles and cervical trapezius muscle; anastomoses: superficial and deep cervical arteries, vertebral artery.ramus descendens arteriae occipitalis [NA], princeps cervicis artery, princeps cervicis;
descending posterior b. the descending posterior b. of the superior lobar b. of the right pulmonary artery.ramus posterior descendens [NA];
digastric b. of facial nerve b. of the facial nerve innervating the posterior belly of the digastric muscle.ramus digastricus nervi facialis [NA];
dorsal b. 1. dorsal primary ramus of spinal nerve 2. posteriorly-directed b.'s.
dorsal carpal b. of radial artery a b. of the radial artery that passes to the back of the wrist to join the dorsal carpal network.ramus carpalis dorsalis arteriae radialis, ramus carpeus dorsalis arteriae radialis;
dorsal carpal b. of ulnar artery a b. of the ulnar artery that passes to the dorsal side of the carpus to enter the dorsal carpal network.ramus carpeus dorsalis arteriae ulnaris [NA], ramus carpalis dorsalis arteriae ulnaris;
dorsal lingual b.'s of lingual artery b.'s of the lingual artery to the posterior third or root of tongue.rami dorsales linguae arteriae lingualis [NA];
dorsal b. of the lumbar artery terminal b. (with ventral b.) of the 4-5 lumbar arteries, distributed to lumbar portion of back, posterior vertebral column, and spinal cord and environs.ramus dorsalis arteriae lumbalium [NA];
dorsal b. of the posterior intercostal arteries 3-11 terminal b. (with ventral b.) of the 3rd through 11th posterior intercostal arteries, distributed to thoracic portion of posterior vertebral column, spinal cord and environs, and back.ramus dorsalis arteriarum intercostalium posteriorum III-XI [NA];
dorsal b. of the posterior intercostal veins 4-11 major tributary of the 4th through 11th posterior intercostal veins; area drained is the same as that supplied by the dorsal b. of posterior intercostal arteries.ramus dorsalis venarum intercostalium posteriorum IV-XI [NA];
dorsal b. of the subcostal artery terminal b. (with ventral b.) of subcostal artery, distributed to posterior vertebral column, spinal cord and environs, and back at the T12-L1 vertebral level.rami dorsales arteriae subcostalis [NA];
dorsal b. of the superior intercostal artery b.'s of the 1st and 2nd posterior intercostal arteries which arise as b.'s of the supreme intercostal artery. The distribution is the same as for the dorsal b.'s of the other posterior intercostal arteries at the T1-T2 vertebral level.rami dorsales arteriae intercostalis supremae [NA];
dorsal b. of the ulnar nerve b. arising from the ulnar nerve proximal to the wrist for distribution to the medial side of the dorsum of the hand and proximal portion of the little finger and medial side of ring finger.rami dorsales nervi ulnaris [NA];
duodoneal b.'s of superior pancreaticoduodenal artery b.'s arising from both the anterior and posterior superior pancreaticoduodenal arteries for distribution to first and second parts of the duodenum.rami duodenales arteriae pancreaticoduodenalis superioris [NA];
epiploic b.'s b.'s to the greater omentum; epiploic b.'s arise from the left and right gastroepiploic arteries (rami omentales arteriae gastro-omentalis sinistrae et dextrae [NA]) opposite the gastric b.'s (rami gastrici [NA]) along the greater curvature of the stomach.rami omentales [NA], omental b.'s, rami epiploicae;
esophageal b.'s b.'s to the esophagus.rami esophageales [NA], rami esophagei [NA];
esophageal b.'s of the inferior thyroid artery distribution: upper one-quarter of esophagus; anastomosis: esophageal b.'s of thoracic aorta.rami esophageales arteriae thyroideae inferioris [NA];
esophageal b.'s of the left gastric artery ascends through esophageal hiatus of diaphragm to supply lowermost (cardiac) esophagus; anastomosis: esophageal b.'s of thoracic aorta.rami esophageales arteriae gastricae sinistrae [NA];
esophageal b.'s of the recurrent laryngeal nerve supply motor and sensory fibers to cervical esophagus on right side and to cervical and upper thoracic esophagus on left.rami esophagei nervi laryngei recurrentis [NA];
esophageal b.'s of the thoracic aorta b.'s arising directly from the anterior aspect of the portion of the thoracic aorta adjacent to the esophagus, by which most of the esophagus is supplied.rami esophageales aortae thoracicae [NA];
esophageal b.'s of the vagus nerve includes both b.'s passing directly from vagi and the b.'s from the recurrent laryngeal nerves that form the esophageal nerve plexus which surrounds esophagus, supplying it and adjacent portions of the pericardium.rami esophagei nervi vagi [NA];
external b. of accessory nerve portion of the accessory nerve trunk which exits independently from the jugular foramen, carrying fibers from the spinal root of the accessory nerve to the sternocleidomastoid and trapezius muscle.
external nasal b.'s b.'s to external aspect of nose. The external nasal branches of 1) infraorbital nerve, rami nasales externii nervi infraorbitalis [NA], 2) nasociliary nerve, rami nasales externi nervi ethmoidalis anterioris [NA].rami nasales externi [NA];
external b. of superior laryngeal nerve terminal b. of superior laryngeal nerve (with internal laryngeal nerve) supplying motor innervation to cricothyroid muscle.ramus externus nervi laryngei superioris [NA];
faucial b.'s of lingual nerve the faucial b.'s, b.'s to the isthmus of the fauces from the lingual nerve.rami isthmi faucium nervi lingualis [NA], rami fauciales nervi lingualis [NA];
femoral b. of genitofemoral nerve b. of genitofemoral nerve distributed to skin of uppermost part of anterior thigh.ramus femoralis nervi genitofemoralis [NA];
frontal b. of superficial temporal artery terminal b. of superficial temporal artery (with parietal b.) supplying anterolateral scalp and underlying musculature, periosteum, and outer table of cranium; anastomosis: across midline with contralateral partner; supratrochlear and supraorbital arteries.ramus frontalis arteriae temporalis superficialis [NA];
ganglionic b. of internal carotid artery b. to trigeminal ganglion; a small b. of the cavernous part of the internal carotid artery to the trigeminal ganglion.ramus ganglii trigeminalis [NA];
ganglionic b.'s of lingual nerve motor roots of submandibular ganglion; communicating b.'s between submandibular ganglion and lingual nerve.rami communicantes ganglii submandibularis cum nervo linguali [NA], motor roots of submandibular ganglion;
ganglionic b.'s of maxillary nerve the ganglionic branches, two short sensory branches of the maxillary nerve in the pterygopalatine fossa, the fibers of which pass through the pterygopalatine ganglion without synapse.radix sensoria ganglii pterygopalatini [NA], rami ganglionici nervi maxillaris [NA], rami ganglionares [NA], nervi pterygopalatini, nervi sphenopalatini, pterygopalatine nerves, sensory root of pterygopalatine ganglion;
gastric b.'s of anterior vagal trunk anterior gastric b.'s of the vagus; b.'s of the anterior vagal trunk to the anterior surface of the stomach.rami gastrici anteriores nervi vagi [NA];
gastric b.'s of posterior vagal b. posterior gastric b.'s; b.'s of the posterior vagal trunk to the posterior surface of the stomach.rami gastrici posteriores nervi vagi [NA];
genital b. of genitofemoral nerve b. of genitofemoral nerve distributed to skin of anterior scrotum (male) or labia majora (female) and adjacent thigh and supplying a motor b. to the cremaster muscle. Usually passes through deep inguinal ring and canal.ramus genitalis nervi genitofemoralis [NA], external spermatic nerve, nervus spermaticus externus;
genital b. of iliohypogastric nerve anterior cutaneous b. of iliohypogastric nerve
glandular b.'s b.'s distributed to glands.rami glandulares [NA];
glandular b.'s of anterior/lateral/posterior branches of superior thyroid artery b.'s of the branches of the superior thyroid artery to the thyroid gland.ramus glandulares anterior/lateralis/posterior arteriae thyroideae superioris [NA];
glandular b.'s of facial artery b.'s of facial artery to the submandibular gland.rami glandulares arteriae facialis [NA];
glandular b.'s of inferior thyroid artery b.'s of inferior thyroid artery to thyroid and parathyroid glands, anastomosing with b.'s of superior thyroid artery.rami glandulares arteriae thyroideae inferioris [NA];
glandular b.'s of submandibular ganglion b.'s of submandibular ganglion conveying postsynaptic parasympathetic fibers to the submandibular and sublingual glands.rami ganglii submandibularis [NA], rami glandulares ganglii submandibularis [NA];
b. of glossopharyngeal nerve to stylopharyngeus muscle sole motor b. of the glossopharyngeal nerve to the stylopharyngeus muscle.ramus musculi stylopharyngei nervi glossopharyngei [NA];
hepatic b.'s of vagus nerve b.'s of the anterior and posterior vagal trunks distributed to the liver.rami hepatici nervi vagi [NA];
iliac b. of iliolumbar artery terminal b. of iliolumbar artery (with lumbar b.) distributed to iliac fossa to supply iliac muscle, ilium, and portions of muscles having attachment to the iliac crest.ramus iliacus arteriae iliolumbalis [NA];
inferior b. a b. directed downward (caudally) or which is lowly-placed, usually in contrast with another b. (superior b.) which is directed upward (rostrally) or is highly-placed.ramus inferior [NA];
inferior cervical cardiac b.'s of vagus nerve the most inferior of the cervical b.'s of vagus nerve conducting presynaptic parasympathetic fibers to, and reflex afferent fibers from, the cardiac plexus; branching from the vagi at root of neck.rami cardiaci cervicales inferiores nervi vagi [NA];
inferior dental b.'s of inferior dental plexus b.'s passing from the inferior dental plexus to the roots of the teeth of the lower jaw.rami dentales inferiores plexus dentalis inferioris [NA];
inferior gingival b.'s of inferior dental plexus b.'s of inferior dental plexus to the gingiva of the lower jaw.rami gingivales inferiores plexus dentalis inferioris [NA];
inferior labial b.'s of mental nerve b.'s of mental nerve to lower lip.rami labiales inferiores nervi mentalis [NA];
inferior lingular b. of lingular branch of left pulmonary artery b. (of the lingular b.) of the left pulmonary artery serving the inferior lingular segment of the superior lobe of the left lung.ramus lingularis inferior [NA];
inferior b. of oculomotor nerve b. of oculomotor nerve providing motor b.'s to medial and inferior rectus and inferior oblique muscles and carrying presynaptic parasympathetic fibers which pass to the ciliary ganglion via the parasympathetic root.ramus inferior nervi oculomotorii [NA];
inferior b. of pubic bone ramus inferior ossis pubis [NA]; See ischiopubic ramus.
inferior b. of superior gluteal artery distribution: gluteus medius and minimus muscles; anastomosis: lateral circumflex femoral artery.ramus inferior arteriae gluteae superioris [NA];
inferior b.'s of transverse cervical nerve b. of transverse cervical nerve providing cutaneous innervation in lower part of anterior triangle of neck.rami inferiores nervi transversi cervicalis [colli] [NA];
infrahyoid b. of superior thyroid artery small b. from the initial part of the superior thyroid artery coursing along the hyoid bone deep to the thyrohyoid muscle to anastomose with its contralateral partner.ramus infrahyoideus arteriae thyroidea superioris [NA];
infrapatellar b. of saphenous nerve b. of saphenous nerve supplying skin over and below patella.ramus infrapatellaris nervi sapheni [NA];
inguinal b.'s of external pudendal arteries b.'s to the inguinal region which may arise as b.'s of external pudendal arteries or as direct b.'s of the femoral artery. Supply skin and subcutaneous tissues, including inguinal lymph nodes.rami inguinales arteriae pudendae externae [NA];
internal b. of accessory nerve b. of the accessory nerve trunk which carries fibers from the cranial root and which unites with the vagus nerve in the jugular foramen. See also accessory nerve.ramus internus nervi accessorii [NA], internal ramus of accessory nerve;
internal nasal b.'s b.'s to nasal cavity. Internal nasal branches of 1) infraorbital nerve (rami nasales interni nervi infraorbitalis [NA]); 2) nasociliary nerve (rami nasales interni nervi ethmoidalis anterioris [NA]).rami nasales interni [NA];
internal b. of superior laryngeal nerve terminal b. of superior laryngeal nerve (with external b.) conveying sensory fibers to the supraglottic larynx.ramus internus nervi laryngei superioris [NA];
joint b.'s articular b.'s
laryngopharyngeal b.'s of superior cervical ganglion b.'s conveying postganglionic sympathetic fibers from the superior cervical ganglion to the pharyngeal plexus.rami laryngopharyngei ganglii cervicalis superioris [NA];
lateral b.'s b.'s directed away from the midline, to the side. Nomina Anatomica lists lateral b.'s (ramus lasteralis/rami laterales) of the following: 1) anterior interventricular artery, ramus lateralis interventricularis anterioris arteriae coronariae sinistrae [NA]; 2) anterolateral central arteries, rami laterales arteriarum centralium anterolateralium [NA]; 3) dorsal primary rami of spinal nerves, rami laterales ramorum dorsalium nervorum cervicalium/thoracalium/lumbalium/sacralium; 4) left b. of portal vein, rami laterales rami sinistri venae portae hepatis [NA]; 5) left hepatic duct, ramus lateralis ductus hepatici sinistri [NA]; 6) middle lobe b. of right pulmonary artery, ramus lateralis ramorum lobarium medium arteriorum pulmonarium dextrum [NA]; 7) supraorbital nerve, ramus lateralis nervi supraorbitalis [NA].rami laterales [NA];
lateral basal b. lateral basal b. of the following: 1) basal part of inferior lobar b. of right pulmonary artery; 2) basal part of inferior lobar b. of left pulmonary artery.ramus basalis lateralis [NA];
lateral calcaneal b.'s of sural nerve b.'s of sural nerve providing cutaneous innervation to posterior aspect of distal leg and lateral aspect of proximal portion of foot.rami calcanei laterales nervi suralis [NA];
lateral costal b. of internal thoracic artery a variable b. of internal thoracic artery that runs lateral and parallel to the internal thoracic artery on the deep surface of the rib cage; anastomosis: posterior intercostal arteries.ramus costalis lateralis arteriae thoracicae internae [NA];
lateral cutaneous b. lateral cutaneous b.'s of the following: 1) iliohypogastric nerve, ramus cutaneus lateralis nervi iliohypogastrici [NA]; 2) dorsal branch of thoracic nerves, ramus lateralis ramorum dorsalium nervorum thoracicorum [NA]; 3) dorsal branch of posterior intercostal arteries, ramus cutaneos lateralis ramorum posteriorum arterieae intercostalium [NA].ramus cutaneus lateralis [NA];
lateral cutaneous b.'s of intercostal nerves lateral cutaneous b.'s of ventral primary ramus of thoracic spinal nerves
lateral cutaneous b.'s of ventral primary ramus of thoracic spinal nerves b.'s arising in approximately the anterior axillary line at the level of the second through sixth intercostal spaces.rami mammarii laterales nervorum intercostalium, lateral cutaneous b.'s of intercostal nerves;
lateral mammary b.'s b.'s primarily distributed to the lateral portion of the breast.rami mammarii laterales [NA];
lateral mammary b.'s of lateral cutaneous branches of intercostal nerves lateral mammary b.'s of lateral cutaneous branches of thoracic spinal nerves
lateral mammary b.'s of lateral cutaneous branches of thoracic spinal nerves b.'s arising from the lateral cutaneous b.'s of the ventral primary rami of spinal nerves (intercostal nerves) T-3 to T-6 which run anteriorly to supply the lateral aspect of the breast.rami mammarii laterales rami cutanei lateralis nervorum thoracicorum [NA], rami mammarii laterales rami cutanei lateralis nervorum intercostalium, lateral mammary b.'s of lateral cutaneous branches of intercostal nerves;
lateral mammary b.'s of lateral thoracic artery b.'s of the lateral thoracic artery which extend around the lateral borders of the pectoral muscles to supply the lateral aspect of the breast and mammary gland.rami mammarii laterales arteriae thoracicae lateralis [NA];
lateral nasal b.'s of anterior ethmoidal nerve b.'s of nasociliary nerve distributed to walls of nasal cavity.rami nasales laterales nervi ethmoidalis anterioris [NA];
lateral orbitofrontal b. lateral frontobasal artery
left b. of a pair of b.'s, the b. passing to the left side of the body, to the left member of a bilateral pair of structures, or to the left portion of an unpaired structure; the other member of the pair being a right b.ramus sinister [NA];
lingual b.'s b.'s to the tongue. Nomina Anatomica lists lingual b.'s of 1) hypoglossal nerve, rami linguales nervi hypoglossi [NA]; 2) lingual nerve, rami linguales nervi lingualis [NA]; 3) glossopharyngeal nerve, rami linguales nervi glossopharyngei [NA].rami linguales [NA];
lingual b. of facial nerve lingual b. (inconstant) of the stylohyoid b. of the facial nerve.ramus lingularis nervi facialis [NA];
lingular b. the lingular branch of 1) superior lobar b. of left pulmonary artery; 2) left superior pulmonary vein.ramus lingualis [NA];
lumbar b. of iliolumbar artery terminal b. of iliolumbar artery (with iliac b.) which ascends to supply psoas major and quadratus lumborum muscles; anastomosis: fourth lumbar artery.ramus lumbalis arteriae iliolumbalis [NA];
mammary b.'s See lateral mammary b.'s, medial mammary b.'s.
marginal mandibular b. of facial nerve b. of facial nerve which parallels the mandibular margin innervating risorius muscle and muscles of lower lip and chin.ramus marginalis mandibulae nervi facialis [NA];
marginal tentorial b. of internal carotid artery a small b. from the cavernous part of the internal carotid artery to the free margin of the tentorium.ramus marginalis tentorii arteriae carotidis internae [NA];
mastoid b. of occipital artery mastoid artery
mastoid b.'s of posterior auricular artery b.'s from stylomastoid b. of posterior auricular artery arising within the facial canal, distributed to the mastoid air cells.rami mastoidei arteriae auricularis posterioris [NA];
medial b.'s b.'s directed toward the midline, to the middle. Nomina Anatomica lists medial b.'s (ramus lateralis/rami mediales) of the following: 1) anterolateral central arteries, rami mediales arteriarum centralium anterolateralium [NA]; 2) dorsal primary rami of spinal nerves, rami medialis ramorum dorsalium nervorum cervicalium/thoracicalium/lumbalium/sacralium; 3) left b. of portal vein, rami mediales rami sinistri venae portae hepatis [NA]; 4) left hepatic duct, ramus medialis ductus hepatici sinistri [NA]; 5) middle lobar b. of right pulmonary artery, ramus medialis ramorum lobarium medium arteriorum pulmonarium dextrum [NA]; 6) supraorbital nerve, ramus medialis nervi supraorbitalis [NA].rami mediales [NA];
medial basal b. of pulmonary artery a b. of the basal part of inferior lobar b.'s of the left and right pulmonary arteries.ramus basalis medialis [NA];
medial calcaneal b.'s of tibial nerve cutaneous b.'s of tibial nerve distributed to the inferior and medial heel.rami calcanei mediales nervi tibialis [NA];
medial crural cutaneous b.'s of saphenous nerve b.'s of saphenous nerve distributed to the skin of the medial side of the leg.rami cutanei cruris mediales nervi sapheni [NA];
medial cutaneous b. Nomina Anatomica lists medial cutaneous b.'s of the following: 1) dorsal branch of thoracic nerves, ramus cutaneus medialis ramorum dorsalium nervorum thoracicorum [NA]; 2) dorsal branch of posterior intercostal arteries, ramus cutaneus medialis rami dorsalis arteriarum intercostalium posteriorum III-XI [NA].ramus cutaneus medialis [NA];
medial mammary b.'s b.'s primarily distributed to the medial portion of the breast. Nomina Anatomica lists medial mammary b.'s (rami mammarii mediales...) of the following: 1) anterior cutaneous b.'s of ventral primary rami of thoracic spinal nerves (...rami cutanei anterioris ramorum ventralium nervorum thoracicorum [NA]; also known as anterior cutaneous b.'s of intercostal nerves (...rami cutanei anterioris nervorum intercostalium); nerve b.'s accompanying the perforating b.'s of internal thoracic artery. 2) perforating b.'s of internal thoracic artery (...rami perforantes arteriae thoracicae internae [NA]).rami mammarii mediales [NA];
medial nasal b.'s of anterior ethmoidal nerve b.'s of nasociliary nerve distributed to the nasal septum.rami nasales mediales nervi ethmoidalis anterioris [NA];
mediastinal b.'s b.'s distributed to the mediastinum.rami mediastinales [NA], arteriae mediastinales anteriores, mediastinal arteries;
mediastinal b.'s of internal thoracic artery small twigs supplying anterior mediastinal structures: mainly thymus and lymph nodes.rami mediastinales arteriae thoracicae internae [NA], rami thymici [NA], anterior mediastinal arteries, arteriae thymicae, thymic arteries;
mediastinal b.'s of thoracic aorta numerous small arteries supplying the pleura and lymph nodes of the posterior mediastinum.rami mediastinales aortae thoracicae [NA], posterior mediastinal arteries;
meningeal b.'s b.'s of vessels or nerves distributed to the coverings of the brain and spinal cord.rami meningei;
meningeal b. of internal carotid artery a b. from the cavernous part of the internal carotid artery to the meninges of the anterior cranial fossa.ramus meningeus arteriae carotidis internae;
meningeal b. of mandibular nerve a recurrent b. of the mandibular nerve that passes superiorly through foramen spinosum to be distributed with the posterior division of the middle meningeal artery to the meninges of the posterior portion of the middle cranial fossa.ramus meningeus nervi mandibularis [NA], nervus spinosus;
meningeal b. of occipital artery one of the variable b.'s of the occipital artery which may pass through the jugular or parietal foramina or condyloid canal to reach the dura mater and bone of the posterior cranial fossa, as well as the intracranial portions of the caudal four cranial neres.ramus meningeus arteriae occipitalis [NA];
meningeal b. of ophthalmic nerve See tentorial nerve.
meningeal b. of spinal nerves a b. from the initial (mixed) part of each spinal nerve passing in a recurrent fashion back through the intervertebral foramen to supply spinal meninges, the posterior longitudinal ligament, posterolateral periphery of the intervertebral disc, and periosteum of the vertebrae.ramus meningeus nervorum spinalium [NA], recurrent meningeal b. of spinal nerves, sinuvertebral nerves;
meningeal b. of vagus nerve a b. of the superior ganglion of the vagus supplying the meninges of the posterior cranial fossa.ramus meningeus nervi vagi [NA];
mental b.'s of mental nerve mental branches of mental nerve.rami mentales nervi mentalis [NA];
middle lobe b. middle lobe branch of 1) the right pulmonary artery (arteriae pulmonalis dextrae [NA]); 2) the right superior pulmonary vein (venae pulmonalis dextrae superior [NA]).ramus lobi medii [NA];
middle meningeal b. of maxillary nerve recurrent b. of maxillary nerve distributed with the anterior b. of the middle meningeal arteyr to the meninges of the anterior portion of the middle cranial fossa.ramus meningeus medius nervi maxillaris [NA], middle meningeal nerve;
middle superior alveolar b. of infraorbital nerve the middle superior alveolar branch, a branch of the superior alveolar nerve that contributes to the superior dental plexus.ramus alveolaris superior medius nervi infraorbitalis [NA];
muscular b.'s usually unnamed b.'s of nerves or vessels that supply the muscles.rami musculares [NA];
occipital b. Nomina Anatomica lists occipital b.'s of 1) posterior auricular artery (rami occipitalis arteriae auricularis posterior [NA]; 2) posterior auricular nerve (rami occipitalis nervi auricularis posterioris [NA]; and 3) occipital artery, rami occipitales arteriae occipitis [NA].ramus occipitalis [NA];
omental b.'s epiploic b.'s
orbital b. of middle meningeal artery b. of middle meningeal artery traversing superior orbital fissure and running toward lacrimal gland. See anastomotic b. of middle meningeal artery to lacrimal artery.ramus orbitalis arteriae meningeae mediae [NA];
orbital b.'s of pterygopalatine ganglion b.'s of pterygopalatine ganglion traversing inferior orbital fissure, distributed in orbit to periorbita and mucosa of ethmoidal and sphenoidal sinuses.ramus orbitalis ganglii pterygopalatini [NA];
ovarian b. of uterine artery terminal b. of uterine artery (with tubal b.) which runs through mesovarium supplying ovary from medial aspect and anastomosing with ovarian b. of ovarian artery.ramus ovaricus arteriae uterinae [NA];
palmar carpal b. of radial artery a small b. of the radial artery that passes medially across the wrist to supply the carpal joints; it anastomoses with the anterior carpal branch of the ulnar artery.ramus carpalis palmaris arteriae radialis, ramus carpeus palmaris arteriae radialis;
palmar carpal b. of ulnar artery a b. of the ulnar artery that supplies the carpal joints and communicates with the anterior carpal branch of the radial artery.ramus carpalis palmaris arteriae ulnaris, ramus carpeus palmaris arteriae ulnaris;
palmar b. of median nerve b. of median nerve arising proximal to flexor retinaculum and running superficial to it to supply skin of proximal central palm and thenar eminence. Since it does not traverse carpal tunnel, it is not affected by carpal tunnel syndrome, even though it supplies skin distal to carpal tunnel.ramus palmaris nervi mediani [NA];
palmar b. of ulnar nerve b. of ulnar nerve arising in distal forearm and accompanying palmar artery into hand where it supplies skin of little finger and medial half of ring finger and adjacent parts of palm.ramus palmaris nervi ulnaris [NA];
palpebral b.'s of infratrochlear nerve b.'s of infratrochlear nerve supplying skin of medial aspects of upper and lower eyelids.rami palpebrales nervi infratrochlearis [NA];
pancreatic b.'s b.'s to the pancreas. Nomina Anatomica lists pancreatic b.'s of 1) splenic artery, rami pancreatici arteriae splenicae [NA]; 2) superior pancreaticoduodenal arteries, rami pancreatici arteriae pancreaticoduodenalis superioris [NA].rami pancreatici [NA];
parietal b. 1. b.'s coursing in relationship to and supplying the parietal bone or parietal lobe of cerebrum; 2. b.'s distributed to the body wall and limbs (the "parities") as opposed to visceral b.'s distributed to the body cavities. For example, the gray rami communicantes are the parietal b.'s of the sympathetic trunks (vs. the splanchnic nerves, which are visceral b.'s of the trunks).rami parietales [NA];
parietal b. of medial occipital artery an anterior b. of the medial occipital artery supplying the posterior section of the parietal lobe of the cerebrum.ramus parietalis arteriae occipitalis medialis [NA];
parietal b. of middle meningeal artery smaller terminal b. (with frontal b.) of middle meningeal artery supplying posterior portion of lateral and superior dura and cranium.ramus parietalis arteriae meningeae mediae [NA];
parietal b. of superficial temporal artery b.'s coursing in relationship to and/or supplying the parietal lobe of the brain.ramus parietalis arteriae temporalis superficialis [NA];
parotid b.'s b.'s to parotid gland; Nomina Anatomica lists parotid branches of 1) auriculotemporal nerve (rami parotidei nervi auriculotemporalis [NA]; 2) facial vein, rami parotidei venae facialis [NA]; 3) superficial temporal artery, ramus arteriae temporalis superficialis [NA].rami parotidei [NA];
pectoral and abdominal anterior cutaneous b. of intercostal nerves thoracoabdominal nerves, under nerve
pectoral b.'s of thoracoacromial artery pectoral branches of thoracoacromial artery.rami pectorales arteriae thoracoacromialis [NA];
perforating b.'s arterial b.'s which penetrate a wall or pass from the anterior to the posterior aspect or compartment of a structure such as the hand or foot to anastomose or be distributed.ramus perforans [NA], perforating peroneal artery;
perforating b.'s of internal thoracic artery small b.'s of the internal thoracic artery running between the costal cartilages to supply overlying skin and subcutaneous tissues.ramus perforantes arteriae thoracicae internae [NA], perforating arteries of internal mammary;
perforating b.'s of palmar metacarpal arteries the perforating b.'s of the palmar metacarpal arteries, three small arteries that pass dorsally through the second, third, and fourth interosseous spaces of the hand from the palmar metacarpal arteries.ramus perforantes arteriarum metacarpalium palmarium [NA], perforating arteries of hand;
perforating b. of peroneal artery the b. of the peroneal artery that perforates the interosseous membrane just above the anterior tibiofibular ligament.ramus perforans arteriae fibularis [NA];
perforating b.'s of plantar metatarsal arteries the perforating b.'s of the plantar metatarsal arteries, three small arteries that pass dorsally through the second, third, and fourth interosseous spaces of the foot from the plantar metatarsal arteries.ramus perforantes arteriarum metatarsearum plantarium [NA], perforating arteries of foot;
pericardial b. of phrenic nerve one of the b.'s of phrenic nerve distributed to the pericardium and adjacent mediastial parietal pleura.ramus pericardiacus nervi phrenici [NA];
pericardial b.'s of thoracic aorta small b.'s of thoracic aorta distributed to the pericardium, in the region of the oblique pericardial sinus, and to posterior mediastinal lymph nodes.rami pericardiaci aortae thoracicae [NA];
perineal b.'s of posterior femoral cutaneous nerve b.'s of posterior femoral cutaneous nerve which convey sensory fibers to the skin of the lateral-most perineum and adjacent portions of the upper medial thigh.rami perineales nervi cutanei femoris posterioris [NA];
peroneal communicating b. the peroneal (fibular) communicating branch of the common peroneal (fibular) nerve; it arises from the common peroneal nerve in the popliteal space and passes over the lateral head of the gastrocnemius to the middle third of the leg, where it unites with the medial sural cutaneous nerve to form the sural nerve.ramus communicans fibularis nervi fibularis communis [NA], ramus communicans peroneus nervi peronei communis [NA], nervus communicans fibularis, nervus communicans peroneus, peroneal anastomotic ramus, peroneal communicating nerve;
petrosal b. of middle meningeal artery petrous b. of middle meningeal artery; first intracranial b. of middle meningeal artery; anastomosis: stylomastoid artery via hiatus of facial canal.ramus petrosus arteriae meningeae mediae [NA];
pharyngeal b.'s b.'s to the pharynx.pharyngei [NA], rami pharyngeales [NA];
pharyngeal b. of the artery of pterygoid canal distributed to uppermost nasopharynx (pharyngeal recesses).ramus pharyngeus arteriae canalis pterygoidei [NA];
pharyngeal b. of the ascending pharyngeal artery distribution: walls of oro- and nasopharynx.rami pharyngeales arteriae pharyngeae ascendentis [NA];
pharyngeal b. of descending palatine artery may arise as a separate b. or as a continuation of lesser palatine artery.ramus pharyngeus arteriae palatini descendens [NA];
pharyngeal b. of glossopharyngeal nerve conveys general sensory fibers to the mucosa of the oropharynx via the pharyngeal plexus.rami pharyngei nervi glossopharyngei [NA];
pharyngeal b. of inferior thyroid artery distributed to laryngopharynx.rami pharyngeales arteriae thyroideae inferioris [NA];
pharyngeal b. of pterygopalatine ganglion b. of pterygopalatine ganglion passing posteriorly through pharyngeal canal to supply postsynaptic parasympathetic fibers to mucus glands of nasopharynx.ramus pharyngeus ganglii pterygopalatini [NA], Bock's nerve;
pharyngeal b. of vagus nerve conveys motor fibers from the cranial root of the accessory nerve to the pharyngeal constrictor muscles, the intrinsic muscles of the soft palate and the levator palati muscle; may also bring some general sensory fibers to the pharyngeal plexus.rami pharyngei nervi vagi [NA];
phrenicoabdominal b.'s of phrenic nerve terminal b.'s of phrenic nerve providing motor innervation of diaphragm and sensory innervation to the diaphragm and the diaphragmatic pleura and peritoneum.rami phrenicoabdominales nervi phrenici [NA];
posterior b.'s b.'s directed dorsally or backward.rami posteriores [NA];
posterior basal b. posterior basal b. of the basal part of the inferior lobar b. of the left and right pulmonary arteries.ramus basalis posterior [NA];
posterior b. of great auricular nerve provides general sensory fibers to skin of posterior auricle and over mastoid process.ramus posterior nervi auricularis magni [NA];
posterior inferior nasal b.'s of greater palatine nerve b. of greater palatine nerve to posterior inferior lateral wall of nasal cavity, including posterior aspect of mucosa over posterior portion of inferior nasal concha and meatus; may arise independently from pterygopalatine ganglion.rami nasales posteriores inferiores nervi palatini majoris [NA];
posterior b. of inferior pancreaticoduodenal artery the more dorsal of the two b.'s into which the inferior pancreaticoduodenal artery bifurcates; supplies uncinate process and head of pancreas, as well as the third and fourth parts of the duodenum; anastomoses with the posterior branch of the superior pancreaticuduodenal artery.ramus posterior arteriae pancreaticoduodenalis inferioris [NA];
posterior b. of lateral cerebral sulcus the long, posteriorly-directed continuation of the lateral cerebral sulcus which extends between the temporal lobe inferiorly and the parietal lobe superiorly, its termination surrounded by the supramarginal gyrus.ramus posterior sulci lateralis cerebri [NA];
posterior b. of obturator artery b. of obturator artery giving rise to acetabular b. and supplying muscles attached to ischium.ramus posterior arteriae obturatoriae [NA];
posterior b. of obturator nerve b. supplying obturator externus muscle, then passing posterior to adductor brevis, supplying it and the adductor portion of the adductor magnus muscle.ramus posterior nervi obturatorii [NA];
posterior b. of recurrent ulnar artery contributes to blood supply of flexor carpi ulnaris and to articular network of elbow.ramus posterior arteriae recurrentis ulnaris [NA];
posterior b. of renal artery terminal b. of renal artery (with anterior b.) becoming the posterior segmental artery of kidney.ramus posterior arteriae renalis [NA];
posterior b. of right branch of portal vein posterior segmental b. of portal vein; b. to posterior segments of right lobe of liver.ramus posterior rami dextri venae portae hepatis [NA];
posterior b. of right hepatic duct hepatic duct b. draining bile from posterior segments of right lobe of liver.ramus posterior ductus hepatici dextri [NA];
posterior b. of right superior pulmonary vein drains posterior portion of superior lobe of right lung.ramus posterior venae pulmonalis dextrae superioris [NA];
posterior scrotal b.'s of internal pudendal artery b.'s of perineal artery supplying skin of posterior scrotal sac.rami scrotales posteriores arteriae pudendae internae [NA];
posterior b. of spinal nerves See dorsal primary ramus of spinal nerve.
posterior superior alveolar b.'s of maxillary nerve the b.'s of the superior alveolar nerves that supply the maxillary sinus and the molar tooth.rami alveolares superiores posteriores nervi maxillaris [NA];
posterior superior lateral nasal b.'s of pterygopalatine ganglion b.'s of pterygopalatine ganglion to upper posterior part of lateral wall of nasal cavity, including superior and middle nasal concha/meatuses, and posterior ethmoidal sinuses.rami nasales posteriores superiores laterales ganglii pterygopalatini [NA];
posterior superior medial nasal b.'s of pterygopalatine ganglion usually b.'s of the nasopalatine nerve to posterior superior nasal septum.rami nasales posteriores superiores mediales ganglii pterygopalatini [NA];
posterior b. of superior thyroid artery b. of superior thyroid artery which descends to supply the apical portion of the ipsilateral lobe of the thyroid, continuing along the posterior border of the gland to anastomose with the inferior thyroid artery.ramus posterior arteriae thyroideae superioris [NA];
pterygoid b.'s of maxillary artery pterygoid branches of middle meningeal artery.rami pterygoidei arteriae maxillaris [NA];
pubic b. of inferior epigastric artery b. arising from the inferior epigastric artery medial to the deep inguinal ring; runs medial to femoral ring onto posterior pubis; anastomosis, pubic b. of obturator artery. This anastomosis is frequently large, referred to as an "accessory obturator artery." In 20-30%, this anastomosis replaces the obturator artery, as an "aberrant" or "replaced" obturator artery.ramus pubicus arteriae epigastricae inferioris [NA];
pubic b. of obturator artery b. arising from the obturator artery just prior to its pasage through the obturator canal; the b. passes superiorly on the posterior aspect of the pubis. Anastomosis: with contralateral partner and pubic b. of inferior epigastric artery. See accessory obturator artery, pubic b. of inferior epigastric artery.ramus pubicus arteriae obturatoriae [NA];
pulmonary b.'s of autonomic nervous system pulmonary b.'s of cardiac plexuses and cardiaopulmonary splanchnic nerves.rami pulmonales systematis autonomici [NA];
recurrent meningeal b. of spinal nerves meningeal b. of spinal nerves
renal b. of lesser splanchnic b. b. of lesser splanchnic nerve to the aorticorenal plexus/ganglion.ramus renalis nervi splanchnici minoris [NA];
renal b.'s of vagus nerve b.'s of vagus nerve to kidney via the celiac plexus.rami renales nervi vagi [NA];
right b. of a pair of b.'s, the b. passing to the right side of the body, to the right member of a bilateral pair of structures, or to the right portion of an unpaired structure; the other member of the pair being a left branch.ramus dexter [NA];
right b. of portal vein terminal b. of hepatic portal vein distributed to right lobe of liver tributary: cystic vein.ramus dexter venae portae hepatis [NA];
right b. of proper hepatic artery right hepatic artery
saphenous b. of descending genicular artery b. of descending genicular artery supplying skin of the upper part of the medial aspect of the leg; anastomosis: medial inferior genicular artery (articular vascular network of knee).ramus saphenus arteriae descendentis genicularis [NA];
b.'s of segmental bronchi b.'s of segmental bronchi to the bronchopulmonary segments of the lungs.rami bronchiales segmentorum [NA];
septal b.'s the interventricular septal b.'s; b.'s of the anterior and posterior interventricular arteries distributed to the muscle of the interventricular septum.rami interventriculares septales;
sinuatrial nodal b. of right coronary artery artery to the sinuatrial (S-A) node
b. to sinuatrial node artery to the sinuatrial (S-A) node
splenic b.'s of splenic artery b.'s of proper splenic arteries; splenic artery entering spleen at hilum.rami splenici arteriae splenicae [NA], rami lienales arteriae lienalis [NA];
stapedial b. of stylomastoid artery b. arising either directly from the stylomastoid artery or its b., the posterior tympanic artery; supplies stapedius muscle.ramus stapedius arteriae stylomastoideae [NA];
sternal b.'s of internal thoracic artery b.'s of internal thoracic artery which pass medially to supply the transversus thoracis muscle and posterior sternum.rami sternales arteriae thoracicae internae [NA], sternal arteries;
sternocleidomastoid b. of occipital artery b.'s of occipital artery to sternocleidomastoid muscle. One often hooks around hypoglossal nerve. It may arise as an independent b. of the external carotid, in which case it may be referred to as the sternomastoid artery.rami sternocleidomastoidei arteriae occipitalis [NA];
sternocleidomastoid b. of superior thyroid artery b. of superior thyroid artery to sternocleidomastoid muscle.ramus sternocleidomastoideus arteriae thyroideae superioris [NA];
stylohyoid b. of facial nerve b. of facial nerve to stylohyoid muscle.ramus stylohyoideus nervi facialis [NA];
subscapular b.'s of axillary artery b.'s of axillary artery passing directly to the subscapularis muscle.rami subscapulares arteriae axillaris [NA];
superficial b. b. which passes above or closer to surface; usually in contrast to a deep b.ramus superficialis [NA];
superficial b. of the lateral plantar nerve mostly cutaneous b. to skin of small and lateral half of fourth toes and lateral side of sole of foot, but also supplies the flexor digiti minimi brevis muscle and the most lateral dorsal and plantar interosseous muscles.ramus superficialis nervi plantaris lateralis [NA];
superficial b. of the medial plantar artery gives rise to superficial digital arteries of medial three toes.ramus superficialis arteriae plantaris medialis [NA];
superficial palmar b. of radial artery the superficial palmar branch of the radial artery which supplies the thenar muscles then enters the palm to communicate with the superficial palmar arch from the ulnar artery.ramus palmaris superficialis arteriae radialis [NA], superficial palmar artery, superficial volar artery, superficialis volae;
superficial b. of the radial nerve cutaneous terminal b. (with deep b.) which runs under cover of brachioradialis muscle to wrist, then supplies skin of proximal portion of the dorsal aspects of thumb, index, middle and lateral half of ring fingers and the portion of the dorsum of the hand located proximally.ramus superficialis nervi radialis [NA];
superficial b. of the superior gluteal artery to upper gluteus maximus muscle.ramus superficialis arteriae gluteae superioris [NA];
superficial temporal b.'s of auriculotemporal nerve b.'s of auriculotemporal nerve to anterolateral scalp.rami temporales superficiales nervi auriculotemporalis [NA];
superficial b. of the transverse cervical artery b. of transverse cervical artery which accompanies the spinal accessory nerve on the deep surface of the trapezius muscle. Alternatively arises as a direct b. of the thyrocervical trunk, in which case it is called the superficial cervical artery.
superficial b. of the ulnar nerve b. supplying skin of palmar aspect of little and medial half of ring fingers, the portion of the palm proximal to them and the palmaris brevis muscle.ramus superficialis nervi ulnaris [NA];
superior b. b. which is directed upward or cranially or which is highly-placed, usually in contrast to an inferior b.ramus superior [NA];
superior cervical cardiac b.'s of vagus nerve uppermost of the b.'s of vagus nerve conducting presynaptic parasympathetic fibers to, and reflex afferent fibers from, the cardiac plexus; branching from the vagi close to the base of the skull.rami cardiaci cervicales superiores nervi vagi [NA];
superior dental b.'s of superior dental plexus b.'s passing from the superior dental plexus to the roots of the teeth of the upper jaw.rami dentales superiores plexus dentalis superioris [NA];
superior gingival b.'s of superior dental plexus b.'s of superior dental plexus to gingiva of upper jaw.rami gingivales superiores plexus dentalis superioris [NA];
superior labial b.'s of infraorbital nerve b.'s of infraorbital nerve to upper lip.rami labiales superiores nervi infraorbitalis [NA];
superior lingular b. of lingular branch of superior lobar left pulmonary artery b. (of the lingular b.) of the left pulmonary artery serving the superior lingular segment of the superior lobe of the left lung.ramus lingularis superior [NA];
superior b. of the oculomotor nerve b. of oculomotor nerve supplying the superior rectus and levator palpebrae superioris muscles.ramus superior nervi oculomotorii [NA];
superior b. of the pubic bone superior pubic ramus
superior b. of the right and left inferior pulmonary veins tributaries of the right and left inferior pulmonary veins which receive oxygenated blood from the superior [S6] bronchopulmonary segments of the inferior lobes of the right and left lungs.ramus superior venae pulmonalis dextrae/sinistrae inferioris [NA];
superior b. of the superior gluteal artery runs between gluteus medius and minimus muscles, supplying both, and continuing to reach tensor fascia lata muscle.ramus superior arteriae gluteae superioris [NA];
superior b. of the transverse cervical nerve b. providing cutaneous innervation in upper part of anterior triangle of neck.ramus superior nervi transversalis cervicalis (colli) [NA];
suprahyoid b. of lingual artery b. of lingual artery which runs along hyoid bone; anastomosis: infrahyoid b. of superior thyroid artery and across midline with its contralateral partner.ramus suprahyoideus arteriae lingualis [NA];
sympathetic b. to submandibular ganglion b. to the submandibular ganglion composed of postsynaptic sympathetic fibers from the internal carotid plexus conveyed largely by a periarterial plexus of the facial artery.ramus sympathicus [sympatheticus] ad ganglion submandibulare;
temporal b.'s of facial nerve b.'s of facial nerve innervating the superior portion of the orbicularis oculi muscle and other muscles of facial expression above the eye.rami temporales nervi facialis [NA];
thoracic cardiac b.'s of vagus nerve b.'s of vagus nerve to the cardiac plexus which branch from the vagi at thoracic levels, conducting presynpatic parasympathetic fibers to, and reflex afferent fibers from, the cardiac plexus.rami cardiaci thoracici nervi vagi [NA];
thymic b.'s of internal thoracic artery See mediastinal b.'s of internal thoracic artery.
tonsillar b. of the facial artery primary blood supply to palatine tonsil, with extensive anastomoses with other tonsillar arteries.ramus tonsillaris arteriae facialis [NA];
tonsillar b.'s of glossopharyngeal nerve b.'s of glossopharyngeal nerve conducting sensory fibers from the palatine tonsillar fossa.rami tonsillares nervi glossopharyngei [NA];
tracheal b.'s b.'s to the trachea. Nomina Anatomica lists tracheal branches of 1) inferior thyroid artery (rami tracheales arteriae thyroideae inferioris [NA]); and 2) recurrent laryngeal nerve (rami tracheales nervi laryngei recurrentis [NA]).rami tracheales [NA];
transverse b.'s b.'s which run transversly. Nomina Anatomica lists transverse b.'s of 1) lateral femoral circumflex artery (ramus transversus arteriae circumflexae femoris lateralis [NA]); and 2) medial femoral circumflex artery (ramus transversus arteriae circumflexae femoris medialis [NA]).ramus transversus [NA];
b. to trigeminal ganglion ganglionic b. of internal carotid artery.
tubal b. b. to a tubular structure.ramus tubarius [NA];
tubal b. of the tympanic plexus sensory b. of tympanic plexus (of glossopharyngeal nerve) to auditory tube.ramus tubarius plexus tympanici [NA];
tubal b. of the uterine artery terminal b. of uterine artery (with ovarian b.) supplying medial portion of uterine tube, anastomosing with tubal b. of ovarian artery.ramus tubarius arteriae uterinae [NA];
ulnar communicating b. of superficial radial nerve ulnar communicating b. of superficial b. of radial nerve, joining the dorsal b. of the ulnar nerve in the hand conveying sensation from the dorsal aspect of adjacent sides of the middle and ring fingers.ramus communicans ulnaris nervi radialis [NA];
ulnar b. of medial antebrachial cutaneous nerve b. of the medial antebrachial cutaneous nerve supplying the skin of the medial portion of the proximal two-thirds of the dorsal side of the forearm.ramus ulnaris nervi cutanei antebrachii medialis [NA];
ureteral b.'s ureteric b.'s
ureteric b.'s b.'s distributed to the ureter. Although not listed by Nomina Anatomica, ureteric b.'s also rise regularly from the 1) abdominal aorta, 2) common iliac artery, and 3) internal iliac artery. Ureteric b.'s from the inferior vesical artery are constant in occurrence and supply the terminal portion of the ureter.rami ureterici [NA], ureteral b.'s;
ureteric b.'s of the ovarian artery b. of ovarian artery arising as it is crossed by the ureter in the female supplying mid portion of ureter.rami ureterici arteriae ovaricae [NA];
ureteric b.'s of the patent part of umbilical artery supplies pelvic portion of ureter.rami ureterici partis patentis arteriae umbilicale [NA];
ureteric b.'s of the renal artery supplies ureteric (renal) pelvis and superior portion of ureter.rami ureterici arteriae renalis [NA];
ureteric b.'s of the testicular artery b. of testicular artery arising as it is crossed by the ureter in the male; supplies mid portion of ureter.rami ureterici arteriae testicularis [NA];
ventral b. rami ventralis; See ventral primary rami of cervical spinal nerves, under ramus, ventral primary rami of lumbar spinal nerves, under ramus, ventral primary rami of sacral spinal nerves, under ramus, ventral primary ramus of spinal nerve.
vestibular b.'s of labyrinthine artery b.'s of labyrinthine artery passing to the vestibule of the bony labyrinth to supply the membranous labyrinth.
zygomatic b.'s of facial nerve b.'s of facial nerve crossing upper cheek to supply orbicularis oculi muscle.rami zygomatici nervi facialis [NA];
zygomaticofacial b. of zygomatic nerve penetrates zygomatic bone to supply skin of face over zygoma or cheekbone.ramus zygomaticofacialis nervi zygomatici [NA];
zygomaticotemporal b. of zygomatic nerve penetrates frontal process of zygomatic bone to supply skin of face lateral to orbit.ramus zygomaticotemporalis nervi zygomatici [NA];

 

Browse Medical References:

[A] [B] [C] [D] [E] [F] [G] [H] [I] [J] [K] [L] [M]
[N] [O] [P] [Q] [R] [S] [T] [U] [V] [W] [X] [Y] [Z]