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bronchus

bronchus, pl. bronchi (brong´kus, brong´kI) [NA]

One of the two subdivisions of the trachea serving to convey air to and from the lungs. The trachea divides into right and left main bronchi, which in turn form lobar, segmental, and subsegmental bronchi. In structure, the intrapulmonary bronchi have a lining of pseudostratified ciliated columnar epithelium, and a lamina propria with abundant longitudinal networks of elastic fibers; there are spirally arranged bundles of smooth muscle, abundant mucoserous glands, and, in the outer part of the wall, irregular plates of hyaline cartilage.bronchium; [Mod. L., fr. G. bronchos, windpipe]
eparterial b. right superior lobe b. which passes above the right pulmonary artery.
hyparterial bronchi those bronchi which pass below the pulmonary arteries, i.e., right middle and inferior lobar bronchi and left superior and inferior lobar bronchi.
b. intermedius intermediate b
intermediate b. the portion of the right main b. between the upper lobe b. and the origin of the middle and inferior lobe bronchi.b. intermedius;
left main b. it arises at the bifurcation of the trachea, passes in front of the esophagus and enters the hilum of the left lung where it divides into a superior lobe b. and an inferior lobe b. It is longer, of narrower caliber, and more nearly-horizontal than the right main b., hence, aspirated objects enter it less frequently.b. principalis sinister [NA];
lobar bronchi the divisions of the main bronchi that supply the lobes of the lungs; superior lobar b., b. lobaris superior [NA]; middle lobar b., b. lobaris medius [NA]; and inferior lobar b., b. lobaris inferior [NA] are the three lobar bronchi on the right; superior lobar b., b. lobaris superior [NA], and inferior lobar b., b. lobaris inferior [NA] are the two on the left. The lobar bronchi divide into segmental bronchi.bronchi lobares [NA];
bronchi loba´res [NA] lobar bronchi
mucoid impaction of b. plugging of the lumen of bronchi due to thickened mucus, interfering with ventilation of corresponding lung segments and leading to characteristic clustered linear and grape-like radiologic densities and occasionally atelectasis and pneumonia; characteristically seen in cystic fibrosis but it can occur in a variety of disease states.
primary b. the main b. arising at the tracheal bifurcation and extending into the developing lung of the embryo.
b. principa´lis dex´ter [NA] right main b
b. principa´lis sinis´ter [NA] left main b
right main b. it arises at the bifurcation of the trachea and enters the hilum of the right lung, giving off the superior lobe b. and continuing downward to give off the middle and inferior lobe bronchi. It is shorter, of greater caliber, and more nearly-vertical than the left main b., thus, aspirated objects more frequently lodge on the right side.b. principalis dexter [NA];
segmental b. one of the divisions of the lobar b. that supplies a bronchopulmonary segment. In the right lung there are commonly ten: in the superior lobe, the apical (B1) segmental b., b. segmentalis apicalis [NA]; posterior (B2) segmental b., b. segmentalis (BII) posterior [NA]; and anterior (B3) segmental b., b. segmentalis (BIII) anterior [NA]; in the middle lobe, lateral (B4) segmental b., b. segmentalis (BIV) lateralis [NA]; and medial (B5) segmental b., b. segmentalis medialis (BV) [NA]; in the inferior lobe, superior (B6) segmental b., b. segmentalis superior (BVI) [NA], medial basal (B7) segmental b., b. segmentalis basalis medialis (BVII) [NA]; anterior basal (B8) segmental b., b. segmentalis basalis anterior (BVIII) [NA]; lateral basal (B9) segmental b., b. segmentalis basalis lateralis (BIX) [NA]; and posterior basal (B10) segmental b., b. segmentalis basalis posterior (BX) [NA]. In the left lung there are commonly nine: in the superior lobe, the apicoposterior (B1+2) segmental b., b. segmentalis apicoposterior (BI+I) [NA]; anterior (B3) segmental b., b. segmentalis anterior (BIII) [NA]; superior lingular (B4) segmental b., b. lingularis superior (BIV) [NA]; and inferior lingular (B5) segmental b., b. lingularis inferior (BV) [NA]; in the inferior lobe, superior (B6) segmental b., b. segmentalis superior (BVI) [NA]; medial basal (B7) segmental b., b. segmentalis basalis medialis (cardiacus) (BVII) [NA], anterior basal (B8) segmental b., b. segmentalis basalis anterior (BVIII) [NA]; lateral basal (B9) segmental b., b. segmentalis basalis lateralis (BIX) [NA]; and posterior basal (B10) segmental b., b. segmentalis basalis posterior (BX) [NA].b. segmentalis [NA];
b. segmenta´lis [NA] segmental b
stem b. the main b. from which the branches of the bronchial tree arise.

 

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