corpus

corpus , gen. corporis , pl. corpora (kor´pus, -por-is, -por-a) [NA]

1. body 2. Any body or mass. 3. The main part of an organ or other anatomical structure, as distinguished from the head or tail. See also body, shaft, soma. [L. body]
c. adipo´sum [NA] fat-pad
c. adipo´sum buc´cae [NA] buccal fat-pad
c. adipo´sum fos´sae ischiorecta´lis [NA] ischiorectal fat-pad
c. adipo´sum infrapatella´re [NA] infrapatellar fat-pad
c. adipo´sum or´bitae [NA] orbital fat-pad
c. al´bicans [NA] a retrogressed c. luteum characterized by increasing cicatrization and shrinkage of the cicatricial core with an amorphous, convoluted, completely hyalinized lutein zone surrounding the central plug of scar tissue.albicans (2) , atretic c. luteum, c. candicans;
cor´pora alla´ta a pair of juvenile hormone-producing endocrine glands located near the brain in insects; action of the juvenile hormone is interrelated with that of brain hormone and ecdysone; a high concentration of the hormone at the time of molting will cause production of an additional larval instar; removal at an early larval stage causes precocious pupation, resulting in the formation of a midget adult; implantation at late larval stages can cause development of an oversized adult.
c. amygdaloi´deum [NA] amygdaloid body
c. amyla´ceum , pl. cor´pora amyla´cea one of a number of small ovoid or rounded, sometimes laminated, bodies resembling a grain of starch and found in nervous tissue, in the prostate, and in pulmonary alveoli; of little pathological significance, and apparently derived from degenerated cells or proteinaceous secretions.amniotic corpuscle, amylaceous corpuscle, amyloid corpuscle, colloid corpuscle;
c. aor´ticum para-aortic bodies, under body
c. aran´tii nodule of semilunar valve
cor´pora arena´cea small calcareous concretions in the stroma of the pineal and other central nervous system tissues.acervulus, brain sand, psammoma bodies (2);
atretic c. luteum c. albicans
c. atret´icum atretic ovarian follicle
cor´pora bigem´ina bigeminal bodies, under body
c. callo´sum [NA] the great commissural plate of nerve fibers interconnecting the cortical hemispheres (with the exception of most of the temporal lobes which are interconnected by the anterior commissure). Lying at the floor of the longitudinal fissure, and covered on each side by the cingulate gyrus, it is arched from behind forward and is thick at each extremity (splenium and genu) but thinner in its long central portion (truncus); it curves back underneath itself at the genu to form the rostrum of the c. callosum.commissure of cerebral hemispheres;
c. can´dicans c. albicans
c. caverno´sum clitor´idis [NA] one of the two parallel columns of erectile tissue forming the body of the clitoris; they diverge at the root to form the crura of the clitoris.cavernous body of clitoris;
c. caverno´sum con´chae cavernous plexus of conchae
c. caverno´sum pe´nis [NA] one of two parallel columns of erectile tissue forming the dorsal part of the body of the penis; they are separated posteriorly, forming the crura of the penis.cavernous body of penis;
c. caverno´sum ure´thrae c. spongiosum penis
c. cilia´re [NA] ciliary body
c. clavic´ulae [NA] body of clavicle
c. clitor´idis [NA] body of clitoris
c. coccy´geum [NA] coccygeal body
c. cos´tae [NA] body of rib
c. denta´tum dentate nucleus of cerebellum
c. epididym´idis [NA] body of epididymis
c. fem´oris shaft of femur
c. fibro´sum the small fibrous cicatricial mass in the ovary formed following the atresia of an ovarian follicle; similar to a corpus albicans but smaller.
c. fib´ulae [NA] shaft of fibula
c. fimbria´tum 1. fimbria hippocampi 2. the outer, ovarian extremity of the oviduct.
c. for´nicis [NA] body of fornix
c. gas´tricum [ventric´uli] [NA] body of stomach
c. genicula´tum exter´num lateral geniculate body
c. genicula´tum inter´num medial geniculate body
c. genicula´tum latera´le [NA] lateral geniculate body
c. genicula´tum media´le [NA] medial geniculate body
c. glan´dulae sudorif´erae [NA] body of sweat gland
c. hemorrhag´icum a hematoma with a lining formed by the thinned-out bright yellow lutein zone; gradual resorption of the blood elements leaves a cavity filled with a clear fluid, i.e., a c. luteum cyst.corpus luteum hematoma;
c. high´mori , c. highmoria´num mediastinum testis
c. hu´meri [NA] shaft of humerus
c. incu´dis [NA] body of incus
c. lin´guae [NA] body of tongue
c. lu´teum [NA] the yellow endocrine body, 1 to 1.5 cm in diameter, formed in the ovary at the site of a ruptured ovarian follicle immediately after ovulation; there is an early stage of proliferation and vascularization before full maturity; later, there is a festooned and bright yellowish lutein zone traversed by trabeculae of theca interna containing numerous blood vessels; the c. luteum secretes estrogen, as did the follicle, and also secretes progesterone. If pregnancy does not occur, it is called a c. luteum spurium , which undergoes progressive retrogression to a c. albicans. If pregnancy does occur, it is called a c. luteum verum , which increases in size, persisting to the fifth or sixth month of pregnancy before retrogression.yellow body;
c. luy´si subthalamic nucleus
c. mamilla´re [NA] mamillary body
c. mam´mae [NA] body of mammary gland
c. mandib´ulae [NA] body of mandible
c. maxil´lae [NA] body of maxilla
c. medulla´re cerebel´li [NA] the interior white substance of the cerebellum.
c. nu´clei cauda´ti [NA] body of caudate nucleus
c. oliva´re oliva
c. os´sis fem´oris [NA] shaft of femur
c. os´sis hyoi´dei [NA] body of hyoid bone
c. os´sis il´ii [NA] body of ilium
c. os´sis isch´ii [NA] body of ischium
c. os´sis metacarpa´lis [NA] the shaft of one of the metacarpal bones.
c. os´sis pu´bis [NA] body of pubis
c. os´sis sphenoida´lis [NA] body of sphenoid bone
c. pampinifor´me epoöphoron
c. pancrea´tis [NA] body of pancreas
c. papilla´re stratum papillare corii
cor´pora para-aor´tica [NA] para-aortic bodies, under body
c. paratermina´le subcallosal gyrus
c. pe´nis [NA] body of penis
c. phalan´gis [NA] body of phalanx
c. pine´ale [NA] pineal body
c. pon´tobulba´re pontobulbar body
cor´pora quadrigem´ina quadrigeminal bodies, under body See inferior colliculus, superior colliculus.
c. quadrigem´inum ante´rius superior colliculus
c. quadrigem´inum poste´rius inferior colliculus
c. ra´dii [NA] shaft of radius
c. restifor´me restiform body
c. spongio´sum pe´nis [NA] the median column of erectile tissue located between and ventral to the two corpora cavernosa penis; posteriorly it expands into the bulbus penis and anteriorly it terminates as the enlarged glans penis; it is traversed by the urethra.c. cavernosum urethrae, spongy body of penis;
c. spongio´sum ure´thrae mulie´bris the submucous coat of the female urethra, containing a venous network that insinuates itself between the muscular layers, giving to them an erectile nature.
c. ster´ni [NA] body of sternum
c. stria´tum [NA] striate body
c. ta´li [NA] body of talus
c. tib´iae [NA] shaft of tibia
c. trapezoid´eum [NA] trapezoid body
c. triti´ceum triticeal cartilage
c. ul´nae [NA] body of ulna
c. un´guis [NA] body of nail
c. u´teri [NA] body of uterus
c. ver´tebrae [NA] body of vertebra
c. vesi´cae bilia´ris [NA] body of gallbladder
c. vesi´cae fell´eae [NA] body of gallbladder
c. vesi´cae urina´riae [NA] body of urinary bladder
c. vit´reum [NA] vitreous body See also vitreous.

 

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