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cramp (kramp)

1. A painful muscle spasm caused by prolonged tetanic contraction. 2. A localized muscle spasm related to occupational use, qualified according to the occupation of the sufferer; e.g., seamstress's c., writer's c. [M.E. crampe, fr. O. Fr., fr. Germanic]
accessory c. torticollis
heat c.'s muscle spasms induced by severe exertion in intense heat, accompanied by considerable pain; sometimes related to salt deficiency, hyperventilation, or overindulgence in alcohol.myalgia thermica;
intermittent c. 1. tetany 2. benign tetanus
miner's c.'s c.'s caused by excessive salt loss through perspiration.stoker's c.'s;
musician's c. an occupational dystonia, affecting those who play on musical instruments, and named usually according to the instrument played upon.
pianist's c. , piano-player's c. an occupational dystonia affecting the muscles of the fingers and forearms in piano players.
Scotch c. recurrent tetany
seamstress's c. an occupational dystonia occurring in the fingers of women who sew.sewing spasm;
shaving c. an occupational dystonia affecting the hands and fingers of barbers.keirospasm, xyrospasm;
stoker's c.'s miner's c.'s
tailor's c. an occupational dystonia affecting the forearms and hands of tailors.tailor's spasm;
typist's c. an occupational dystonia affecting chiefly the long flexor muscles of the hands of typists.
violinist's c. a occupational dystonia affecting the digits of the fingering hand, or sometimes the bowing arm, in violin players.
waiter's c. an occupational dystonia characterized by spasm of the muscles of the back and dominant arm in persons who wait tables.
watchmaker's c. an occupational dystonia characterized by spasm of the orbicularis palpebrarum muscle from holding the lens to the eye and spasm of the muscles of the hand from performing the delicate movements of watch repairing.
writer's c. an occupation dystonia affecting chiefly the muscles of the thumb and two adjoining fingers of the writing hand, induced by excessive use of a writing instrument.dysgraphia (2) , graphospasm, mogigraphia, scrivener's palsy;


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